Acetylpropionyl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Acetylpropionyl
Acetylpropionyl.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Pentane-2,3-dione
Other names
2,3-Pentanedione
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.009.078
Properties
C5H8O2
Molar mass 100.117 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Acetylpropionyl, also known as acetyl propionyl or 2,3-pentanedione,[1] is an organic compound, more specifically a diketone.[2]

Uses for acetylpropionyl include:

Safety[edit]

As a flavoring agent, it is an ingredient in some e-liquid products for use with electronic cigarettes to give a buttery or caramel flavor.[4] According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , inhalation of acetylpropionyl causes respiratory tract epithelial damage and fibrosis to lungs in animal studies. It also causes genetic changes in the animals' brains.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/2_3-pentanedione#section=Top
  2. ^ Hardo Siegel, Manfred Eggersdorfer "Ketones" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.doi:10.1002/14356007.a15_077
  3. ^ http://www.chemicalland21.com/lifescience/foco/2,3-PENTANEDIONE.htm
  4. ^ Committee on the Review of the Health Effects of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, National Academies of Sciences (2018). "Chapter 5: Toxicology of E-Cigarette Constituents". In Eaton, David L.; Kwan, Leslie Y.; Stratton, Kathleen. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes. National Academies Press. p. 175. ISBN 9780309468343. PMID 29894118.
  5. ^ "CDC - Flavorings-Related Lung Disease: Exposures to Flavoring Chemicals - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-22.