Achabal

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Achabal
Achval اچهول
Achabal Garden
Achabal Garden
Achabal is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Achabal
Achabal
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°41′N 75°14′E / 33.68°N 75.23°E / 33.68; 75.23Coordinates: 33°41′N 75°14′E / 33.68°N 75.23°E / 33.68; 75.23
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Anantnag
Elevation 1,936 m (6,352 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 5,835
Languages
 • Official Urdu, Kashmiri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website [1]

Achabal ( Koshur - Achhval) (Nastaleeq:اچهول) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district locally known as Islamabad district in the Indian administered state of Jammu & Kashmir. Perhaps the most beautiful of springs is Achabal, which gushes out of the Sosanwar hill, and was once enlisted by the emperor Jehangir in the service of beauty and pleasure. It is said that the Breng river which disappears at Dewalgam in the fissures of the limestone is the real source of the Achabal spring but many statements are contradicting that myth.

Achabal is an important tourist place about 7 kilometres away from Anantnag. The place is famous and attractive due to an ancient spring surrounded by a garden terraced and developed by the Mughals. The place has got some historical background also. The upper portion of the garden is called 'Bag-e-Begum Abad' developed by Malika Noor Jehan Begum in 1616 AD and renowned as Sahib Abad in which there is a Hamam (treasure of water) getting heat from a logical lamp (Tosnag).

Cascades and fountains erected by Mughal Emperors enhance the beauty of the spot. A mosque standing in the garden believed to have been constructed by Mughal Prince Dara Shikwah. Achabal was once the pleasure retreat of Empress Noor Jehan. A trout hatchery is also located nearby. Achabal is the site of a famous Mughal garden called Achabal Gardens.

Geography[edit]

Achabal is located at 33°41′N 75°14′E / 33.68°N 75.23°E / 33.68; 75.23.[1] It has an average elevation of 1936 metres (6352 feet) above mean sea level.

History[edit]

Achabal is a part of Kashmir kingdom during 15th century AD. Previously it was under ‘Kashmiriyat’ – a ‘social and cultural consciousness’ of Kashmiri people was developed.

Mughal Emperors like Akbar, Mughal Emperor Jahangir, Sultan Said Khan of Kashgar, Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Zain-ul-Abidin, Mughal Empress Noor Jahan, Dara Shikoh, etc. were notified people who ruled this place.

‘Tarik-i-Rashidi’ – a personal memoir of the Central Asian History was written by Turko-Mughal Military General Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat, who is a polyglot and a historical writer as well.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 India census,[2] Achabal had a population of 5835. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Achabal had an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 65% of the males and 35% of females literate. 12% of the population was under 6 years of age.

References[edit]