Achaeus (son of Xuthus)

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Achaeus
Eponymist of the Achaean race as well as their home, Achaea in Phthiotis
AbodeAthens, Lacedaemon, Achaea in Phthiotis
Personal information
ParentsXuthus and Creusa or Jupiter (Zeus) and Phthia
SiblingsIon
ChildrenArchander and Architeles

In Greek mythology, Achaeus or Achaios (/əˈkəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἀχαιός Akhaiós means 'griever'[1], derived from αχος achos, 'grief, pain, woe') was, according to nearly all traditions, a son of Xuthus and Creusa, and consequently a brother of Ion and grandson of Hellen.[2] His children were Archander and Architeles.

Mythology[edit]

The Achaeans regarded him as the author of their race, and derived from him their own name as well as that of Achaia, which was formerly called Aegialus. When his uncle Aeolus in Thessaly, whence he himself had come to Peloponnesus, died, he went there and made himself master of Phthiotis, which now also received from him the name of Achaia.[3]

Genealogy of Hellenes[edit]

Genealogy of Hellenes
PrometheusClymeneEpimetheusPandora
DeucalionPyrrha
Hellen
DorusXuthusAeolus
TectamusAegimiusAchaeusIonMakednosMagnes

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Graves, Robert (2017). The Greek Myths - The Complete and Definitive Edition. Penguin Books Limited. pp. Index s.v. Achaeus. ISBN 9780241983386.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 10a.20–4
  3. ^ Apollodorus, 1.7.3; Pausanias, 7.1.2; Strabo, 8.7

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Achaeus (1)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.