Achariaceae

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Achariaceae
Pangium edule Blanco2.391.jpg
Pangium edule
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Achariaceae
Harms[1]
Type genus
Acharia
Thunb.

Achariaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of 32-33 genera with about 155 species[2] of tropical herbs, shrubs, and trees. The APG IV system has greatly expanded the scope of the family by including many genera previously classified in Flacourtiaceae.[3] Molecular data strongly support the inclusion of this family in the order Malpighiales.

The family is almost exclusively tropical and is best known as the source of chaulmoogra oil, formerly used to treat leprosy. Unlike other members of the former Flacourtiaceae now placed in the family Salicaceae, the genera of Achariaceae typically have cyanogenic glycosides.

Genera[edit]

Gynocardia odorata, an evergreen tree from South Asia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  2. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. 
  3. ^ Chase, Mark W.; Sue Zmarzty; M. Dolores Lledó; Kenneth J. Wurdack; Susan M. Swensen; Michael F. Fay (2002). "When in doubt, put it in Flacourtiaceae: a molecular phylogenetic analysis based on plastid rbcL DNA sequences". Kew Bulletin. 57 (1): 141–181. doi:10.2307/4110825. JSTOR 4110825. 
  4. ^ Fiaschi, Pedro; Groppo, Milton (2008). "Kuhlmanniodendron Fiaschi & Groppo, a new eastern Brazilian genus of Achariaceae sensu lato segregated from Carpotroche Endl. (formerly included in Flacourtiaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 157 (1): 103-109. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00761.x. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  5. ^ Hul, S. (1991). "Révision des Flacourtiaceae-Phyllobotryoneae d'Afrique". Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 4e ser., Section B, Adansonia. 13 (3-4): 155-165.