Shantisagar

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This article is about Jain monk. For lake with the same name, see Shanti Sagara.
Charitra Chakravarti Acharya Shri Shantisagar Ji Maharaj
Acharya Shantisagar.jpg
Acharya Shantisagar
Religion Jainism
Sect Digambara
Personal
Born Satgauda
1873
Yalgud, Karnataka
Died 18 September 1955(1955-09-18) (aged 82–83)
Cremation place Kunthalgiri, Maharashtra
Parents
  • Bhimagauda Patil (father)
  • Satyavati (mother)
Senior posting
Successor Virasagar
Religious career
Initiated Virasagar, Nemisagar
Initiation 1919
Yarnal
by Devendrakirti

Acharya Shri Shantisagar (1872-1955) was the first Digambara Jain Acharya of the 20th century, and the first Digambara monk to wander in North India after several centuries, credited with reviving the tradition of Digambara monks. Most Digambara Jain monks today belong to his lineage. He was given the title Charitra Chakravarti (literally, Emperor of character) by his followers.

Life[edit]

Shantisagara was born in 1872[1] or 1873 in north Karnataka.[2] His father was either a farmer[3] or employed in the cloth business.[4] By the age of eighteen, having read religious texts and undergone pilgrimages,[2] he desired to become initiated into a religious order. After his parents had died in 1912, he visited Shravanabelagola and was initiated into a holy order in 1918.[4] He took the ailaka vow, the preliminary stage to full Digambara initiation, in front of an image of the Tirthankara Neminatha. He was initiated as a Digambara monk at the age of 47 or 48[3] at the village of Yarnal in 1922 and got his name Shanti Sagara (meaning Ocean of Peace).[2][4]

He preached principles of Jainism in various parts of the country and was given the title of Acharya due to his knowledge and wisdom.[2] His disciples gave him the title of Charitra Chakravarti (Emperor of Good Character)[4] along with various other titles like muniraj (king among ascetics) and silasindhu (ocean of observances).[3]

A cobra is said to have once stood in front of him when he was in a cave as if paying respect to him. He fasted to oppose the restrictions imposed on Digambara monks by British Raj and prompted their discontinuance.[3]

Death[edit]

Regarding the observance of sallekhana vow by Acharya Shantisagar, Padmanabh Jain writes:

Acharya Shantisagar died on 18 September 1955 at 6.50 AM at Kunthalgiri, Osmanabad district, Maharashtra, India.[4][6]

Chronological outline[edit]

Based on the account given by Sumeruchandra Diwakar[7] and Dharmachanda Shastri,[8] Shantisagar was born in 1872 to Bhimagauda Patil and Satyavati at Yelagula (Bhoj), Karnataka.[2] His birth name was Satgauda. As a child, he was inspired by Muni Adisagar. He was married at the age of nine. His wife, however, died after six months. In 1905, he made a Pilgrimage to Sammet Shikhar with his sister.[citation needed]

Acharya Shantisagar Parampara, Paporaji
  • 1925 Ch Kumbhoj
  • Present at Mahamastakabhisheka at Shravanbelgola (Kanrataka)
  • 1926 Ch Nanded
  • 1927 Ch Bahubali (Maha.)
  • Nagpur (Maha., then capital of Central Provinces)

Eastern India wanderings[edit]

  • Panchakalyanaka at Samet Shikhar (Bihar)
  • Champapur
  • Pavapur

Central India wanderings[edit]

  • 1928 Ch Katni (Madhya Pradesh)
  • Jabalpur, Sleemanabad
  • Nohta
  • Kundalpur
  • Sagar
  • Dronagir, encounter with tiger
  • 1929 Ch Lalitpur
  • Sonagir: 4 Ailaks initiated
  • Gwalior
  • Murena

Northern India wanderings[edit]

  • Rajakheda (UP): attacked by a violent crowd
  • Agra
  • Firozabad
  • 1930 Ch Mathura, Digambar Jain Mahasabha blessed
  • Delhi (marked by a memorial at Lal Mandir)
  • Hastinapur
  • 1931 Ch Delhi

Western India wanderings[edit]

  • Mahavirji (Raj.)
  • 1932 Ch Jaipur
  • 1933 Ch Byavar
  • 1934 Ch Udaipur
  • 1935 Ch Goral(Guj)
  • 1936 Ch Pratapgarh
  • 1937 Ch Gajpantha (Maha.)
  • Sanskrit "Shri Shantisagar Charitra" written by Muni Kunthusagar
  • Gajpantha: Given title "Charitra Chakravarti"
  • 1938 Ch Baramati
  • Indore (MP)
  • 1939 Ch Pratapgarh (Raj)

Maharashtra wanderings[edit]

  • 1940 Ch Goral(Guj)
  • 1941 Ch Akluj
  • 1942 Ch Korochi
  • 1943 Ch Digraj
  • 1944 Ch Kunthalgiri
  • 1945 Ch Phaltan
  • 1946 Ch Kavalana
  • 1947 Ch. Sholapur, India's independence
  • A mute young man starts speaking
  • 1948 Ch Phaltan
  • 1949 Ch Kavlana
  • 1950 Ch Gajpantha
  • 1951 Ch Baramati
  • 1952 Ch Lonand
  • 1953 Ch Kunthalgiri
  • 1953 Book "Charitra Chakravarti" by Sumeruchandra Diwakar published
  • 1954 Preservation of Dhavala books

Final samadhi[edit]

  • 1955 Ch Kunthalgiri
  • Determination for Sallekhana
  • Sumeruchandra Diwakar arrived
  • Acharya pada awarded to Muni Virasagar
  • Bhattarakas Lakshmisen and Jinasen arrive
  • Sept 18, 1955 Kunthalgiri: Samadhimarana

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Natubhai Shah 2004, p. 55.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dundas 2002, p. 185.
  3. ^ a b c d Natubhai Shah 2004, p. 56.
  4. ^ a b c d e Desjarlais & Eisenberg 1996, p. 82.
  5. ^ Jaini 1998, p. 1.
  6. ^ Natubhai Shah 2004, p. 55-56.
  7. ^ a b Diwakar, Sumaruchandra (2006), Hemant Kala, ed., Charitra Chakravarti (8th ed.), Shri Bharatvarshiye Digambar Jain Mahasabha 
  8. ^ Br. Dharmachanda Shastri, Ed., Charitra Chakravarti, 1989

References[edit]