Acher

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Acher
Acher Fluss.jpg
The Acher near Oberachern
Location Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Reference no. DE: 23572
Basin features
Main source On the northeast flank of the Vogelskopf
848 m above sea level (NN)
48°33′47″N 8°13′03″E / 48.56306°N 8.2174389°E / 48.56306; 8.2174389Coordinates: 48°33′47″N 8°13′03″E / 48.56306°N 8.2174389°E / 48.56306; 8.2174389
River mouth near Iffezheim into the Rhine
114 m above sea level (NN)
48°50′39″N 8°07′06″E / 48.84417°N 8.11833°E / 48.84417; 8.11833
Progression Rhine → North Sea
River system Rhine
Basin size 448 km² [1]
Tributaries
  • Left:
    Gottschlägbach, Unterwasserbach, Fautenbach
  • Right:
    Seebach, Grimmerswaldbach, Sulzbach (Laufbach), Sandbach (Bühlot)
Physical characteristics
Length 53.5 km [1]
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    9.13 m³/s[2]
    3.39 m³/s (Kappelrodeck,
    Exit from the Black Forest, 25 % of the catchment)

The Acher is a 53.5-kilometre-long river and right-hand tributary of the Rhine in the county of Ortenau, in the south German state of Baden-Württemberg. It flows in an northwesterly direction from the Black Forest to the Rhine, between the River Rench to the south and the River Oos to the north.

Geography[edit]

The source region of the Acher lies on the northeastern mountainside of the Vogelskopf (1,055.8 m above sea level (NN)) an area divided into cirques formed by the ice age. The spring named the Acherquelle rises at a height of 848 m above sea level (NN) in the area of the Ruhesteinloch, which is named after the Ruhestein Saddle to the east and is located between the Vogelskopf and Seekopf (1,054.2 m above NN). The Acher initially flows northwards, descending steeply. At its confluence with the Seebach, which joins from the north from the Mummelsee below the Hornisgrinde, it turns westwards and flows through the trough-like valley of Seebach. Here the valley reaches a depth of about 550 metres between the Hornisgrinde and the Vogelskopf. In this section the Acher is also called the Seebach, a clue that the tributary stream from the Mummelsee was originally the main headstream of the Acher,[3] despite its somewhate lower discharge. Below the Vorderseebach the Seebach merges with the Grimmerswaldbach from the north. Here the Acher valley heads south for about a kilometre roughly to where the rugged Gottschläg valley, with its Karlsruher Grat and the waterfalls at the Edelfrauengrab above Ottenhöfen, joins it. From the point where the Unterwasser valley joins from the south, the Acher continues in a northwesterly direction, flowing through the municipality of Kappelrodeck , to the Upper Rhine Plain, which it reaches in Achern, the largest town of the northern Ortenaukreis.

In the Rhine Plain the course of the river was made more complicated by numerous hydro-engineering measures, especially the Acher-Rench Correction between 1936 and 1967. Even in the Black Forest foothill zone above Oberachern, the Acherner Mühlbach was cut short by the Acher at a weir, which has an average discharge here of around 5 m³/s. The Acher itself - from Oberachern also called the Feldbach - then crosses the borough of Achern and is finally led to the Rhine and Rench with some of its water (high water discharge) into the Acher Flood Control Channel. Just before the flood channel and the Acher divide, the Fautenbach joins it. The originally, partially canalised river runs northwards as the Acher (Feldbach) to Greffern. Before the construction of the Rhine Side Canal (Rheinseitenkanal) it emptied into the Rhine here. The Acher is now led parallel to it to the Rhine Dyke (Rheindeich). A section of the Rhine Plain Canal used to pass under it coming from the left, being joined by the water-rich Sulzbach, the lower reaches of the Sasbach and Laufbach as well as the Acherner Mühlbach. The Rhine Plain Canal then used to empty into the Acher itself from the right. Further north the Sandbach finally joins the Altrheinzug ("Old Course of the Rhine") as the lower reaches of the Acher are called. It empties below the Iffezheim Lock into th Rhine, a good 10 kilometres below its old confluence. From Greffern the Acher is used as a link for the different areas of the Söllingen/Greffern Polder. In order to protect the Acher even when the polder floods, in 2005 a pumping station near Greffern was brought into operation.[4]

Protected landscape[edit]

Under the name Oberes Achertal a protected area was created by the county council of Ortenaukreis around the municipalities of Ottenhöfen im Schwarzwald and Seebach covering 3,600 hectares. It is protected area no. 3.17.017 and was founded on 6 February 1975.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Regierungspräsidium Freiburg: TBG Begleitdokumentation Acher-Rench (33), Freiburg i. Br. 2009
  2. ^ Regierungspräsidium Freiburg: TBG Begleitdokumentation Acher-Rench (33), Tab. A 7.2.1, Freiburg i. Br. 2009 (converted from m³/a); the discharge value of 9.13 m³/s is calculated for the catchment including the Rhine Plain Canal, apparently without the inflow of the Acher Flood Control Channel, which diverts some of the water from the Rench. Also included is the Sandbach, the lower course of the Bühlot.
  3. ^ Dieter Ortlam, o. D. (see External links): Der Ursprung der Acher (Nord-Schwarzwald) auf der Basis historischer Recherchen sowie die Genese des Ruhesteins (Schwarzwaldhochstrasse)
  4. ^ Regierungspräsidium Karlsruhe: Polder Söllingen/Greffern – Baumaßnahmen: Das Acherschöpfwerk mit Sielbauwerk – Bauwerk O. (retrieved 12 June 2011).

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Britannica Atlas