Like earlier reports on health disparities in the United Kingdom including the Black Report and the Whitehall Study, the Acheson report demonstrates the existence of health disparities and their relationship to social class. Among the report's findings are that despite an overall downward trend in mortality from 1970–1990, the upper social classes experienced a more rapid mortality decline. The report contains 39 policy suggestions in areas ranging from taxation to agriculture, for ameliorating health disparities. It had some influence on the 1998 government green paper Our Healthier Nation: A Contract for Health which had a stated aim of reducing health inequalities; and the 1999 white paper Saving Lives: Our Healthier Nation.
The following were members of the inquiry:
Professor Clare Bambra in 2016 compared the report with the earlier Black Report and the later report by Michael Marmot. The Acheson report was released into a more favourable climate than either. She said that at least between 1997 and 2003, health policy across the UK reflected some of the ideas set out in the Black and Acheson Reports. There was a consistent emphasis on the need to tackle the social and economic determinants of health inequalities as well as a commitment to employing cross-cutting government policies to tackle health inequality. Most importantly, by 2004, national targets to reduce health inequalities were also introduced with a focus on life expectancy and Infant Mortality Rate. A series of initiatives were introduced - Health Action Zones, Healthy Living Centres, Health Improvement Programmes and the New Deal for Communities. But, perhaps because of these initiatives, from 2004 to 2007, public health policy moved away from social and economic determinants and instead focused more on health services and lifestyle behaviours. The health inequalities targets were abandoned across the UK in 2011. The effect of policy in reducing health inequality was modest. 
- Graham, H., Understanding Health Inequalities, (2000), Open University Press
- Isaacs, J.D., Stephen L. and Steven A. Schroeder. "Class - The Ignored Determinant of the Nation's Health". New England Journal of Medicine 351.11 (Sep 2004), 1137-1142.
- Black & al, Inequalities in Health, (1990), Penguin
- The Stationery Office, Our Healthier Nation, (1998)
- Ray Earwicker (2007). "Progress in tackling health inequalities: a policy maker's reflections". In Dowler, Elizabeth; Spencer, Nick J. Challenging health inequalities: from Acheson to 'Choosing Health'. Bristol: Policy Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1861348999.
- Bambra, Clare (2016). Health Divides. Bristol: Policy Press. pp. 192–7. ISBN 9781447330356. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- Official Documents Archive - Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report
- Evaluating the Acheson report Summary by Don Nutbeam