Achilles Last Stand
|"Achilles Last Stand"|
|Song by Led Zeppelin from the album Presence|
|Released||31 March 1976|
|Recorded||Musicland Studios, Munich, Germany, November–December 1975|
"Achilles Last Stand"[nb 1] is a song by the English rock group Led Zeppelin, featured as the opening track on their 1976 album Presence. It was written by Jimmy Page and Robert Plant at Page's house in Malibu, California, where they stayed for a month while Plant was recovering from injuries he sustained in a car accident in Greece in 1975. The song was then recorded at Musicland Studios in Munich, Germany. It is often seen as a precursor to the new wave of British heavy metal sound that would expand soon after.
"Achilles Last Stand", at 10 minutes and 26 seconds, is the third longest studio recording released by Led Zeppelin (after "In My Time of Dying" at 11:06 and "Carouselambra" at 10:34). It features John Bonham's drumming, John Paul Jones' bass line (played on a custom-built Alembic eight string bass) and Jimmy Page's overdubbed orchestral guitar arrangement (the dozen or so guitar tracks having been recorded in Munich in a single session). Page applied vari-speed during production of this song to speed up some of the guitar overdubs, one of the few times he employed that device in the studio for Led Zeppelin songs. In 1977, he explained:
I'll tell you about doing all the guitar overdubs to "Achilles Last Stand." There were basically two sections to the song when we rehearsed it. I know John Paul Jones didn't think I could succeed in what I was attempting to do. He said I couldn't do a scale over a certain section, that it just wouldn't work. But it did. What I planned to try and get that epic quality into it so it wouldn't just sound like two sections repeated, was to give the piece a totally new identity by orchestrating the guitars, which is something I've been into for quite some time. I knew it had to be jolly good, because the number was so long it just couldn't afford to be half-baked. It was all down to me how to do this. I had a lot of it mapped out in my mind, anyway, but to make a long story short, I did all the overdubs in one night ... I thought as far as I can value tying up that kind of emotion as a package and trying to convey it through two speakers, it was fairly successful.
It has been suggested that the title of the song was originally supposed to be known as "Wheelchair Song" as an acknowledgment of Plant's broken ankle which caused him to fear he would never walk again, and which was a result of a car accident. Lyrically, the song was inspired by Plant's experiences in Morocco, where he and Page travelled following Led Zeppelin's 1975 Earl's Court concerts. Plant specifically refers to Morocco's Atlas Mountains in the line: "The mighty arms of Atlas hold the heavens from the Earth". This is a double-meaning to imply the Atlas mountains in a physical sense seeming to hold up the sky, as well as the reference to the Titan Atlas and his task to hold up the sky on his shoulders and thus separate it from the Earth. Plant's lyrics were also inspired by some of the poetry he was reading at the time, which includes William Blake. "Albion remains/sleeping now to rise again" is a reference to Blake's engraving The Dance Of Albion (Albion is the most ancient name of Great Britain). The following is an excerpt from the poem that goes with the song:
Albion rose from where he labour'd at the Mill with Slaves
Giving himself for the Nations he danc'd the dance of Eternal Death
"Achilles Last Stand" became an integral component of almost every Led Zeppelin concert from their 1977 tour of the United States onwards. Though Page initially expected that he would need to use his Gibson EDS-1275 double-necked guitar to play the song live, he realised that it was possible to use the Gibson Les Paul (or occasionally his Fender Telecaster). One live version, from Led Zeppelin's performance at Knebworth in 1979 is featured on disc two of Led Zeppelin DVD. The "Achilles Last Stand"'s riff was also used in the 'San Francisco part' in "Dazed and Confused", as seen in the 1976 concert film The Song Remains The Same.
Page and Plant performed the song twice during their mid-'90's reunion. Page has mentioned that this song, like several others the band recorded which involved guitar overdubs, was quite challenging to adapt for live performances on stage:
"Achilles" is the classic one. When Ronnie Wood and Keith Richards came to hear us play, Keith said, "You ought to get another guitarist; you're rapidly becoming known as the most overworked guitarist in the business." Quite amusing. There are times when I'd just love to get another guitarist on, but it just wouldn't look right to the audience.
- Jimmy Page – guitars
- Robert Plant – vocals
- John Paul Jones – eight string bass guitar
- John Bonham – drums
- The apostrophe, which should rightly be in the phrase "Achilles' Last Stand" in correct English, is not present in this song title.
- Milward, John (2013). Crossroads: How the Blues Shaped Rock 'n' Roll (and Rock Saved the Blues). UPNE. p. 135. ISBN 978-1-5555-3744-9.
Jimmy Page was a master of orchestrating pulverizing hard rock songs like "Achilles Last Stand"
- Schuman, Michael A. (2009). Led Zeppelin: Legendary Rock Band. Enslow Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7660-3026-8.
"Achilles Last Stand," a hard rock number featuring manic drumming by Bonham
- Bream, Jon (2010). Whole Lotta Led Zeppelin: The Illustrated History of the Heaviest Band of All Time. Voyageur Press. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-7603-3955-8.
- Schulps, Dave (1993). "Interview with Jimmy Page". Guitar World. Iem.ac.ru. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Tolinski, Brad; Di Bendetto, Greg (January 1998). "Light and Shade". Guitar World.
- Schulps, Dave (October 1977). "Interview with Jimmy Page". Trouser Press. Iem.ac.ru. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Lewis, Dave (1994). The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-3528-9.[page needed]