Saint Lawrence's Church
|• Mayor||Rainer Ditzfeld|
|• Total||68.01 km2 (26.26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Achim (German pronunciation: [ˈaxɪm] ( listen)) is a municipality and the largest town (population 30,059 in December 2006) in the district of Verden, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Weser, approx. 17 km northwest of Verden, and 16 km southeast of Bremen.
Achim lies in the Weser Depression, an Urstromtal. The area surrounding Achim is primarily moorland in its natural state. It has an elevation between 12 and 40 metres above sea level, and an area of 65.1 km2.
For the Badener mountains and Oil Camp, see Baden, Lower Saxony.
The first recorded mention of Achim came in 1091 as Arahem. The controlling heights of the Linden Mountains, south of Bremen, on which the old Arahem leaned, was a cult- and court-location. Achim was a meeting place of old Saxon courts. The court met three times annually.
The Christian missionaries erected a baptismal church in Achim in the 12th century; it was the predecessor of St. Laurentius Church in Achim, built in 1257. Then it belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen.
In the course of the War on Lunenburgian Succession (1370–1388) Achim was set on fire in 1381 because of the fights between Duke Albrecht of Saxe-Wittenberg, Duke-designate of Brunswick and Lunenburg, and the Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Albert II, titular Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg.
From 1626 Achim was controlled alternately by Danes and Swedes. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown and — interrupted by a Danish occupation (1712–1715) — from 1715 on by the House of Hanover. During the Third Silesian or Seven Years' War (precipitated by the Anglo-French and Indian War) it was controlled by France. In 1807 the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the Duchy of Bremen, including Achim, before France annexed it in 1810. Achim became the capital of a homonymous canton within the Département des Bouches-du-Weser. In 1813 the Duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover. In 1814 the Electorate was upgraded to the Kingdom of Hanover at the Congress of Vienna. In 1823 Hanover incorporated the Duchy in a real union and the ducal territory, including Achim, became part of the Stade Region, established in 1823.
Achim is home to several international companies including Vitakraft and Daybridge International
Achim is twinned with:
- Cēsis, Latvia.
Notable people that were born or lived in Achim include:
- Friedrich Wilhelm Kleukens (1878–1956), German graphic designer and typographer
- Christian Heinrich Kleukens (1880–1954), calligrapher and poet
- Carl Huneke (1898–1972), German-American master stained glass artist and craftsman
- Karl Ravens (born 1927), German politician ( SPD), former federal minister
- Fritz-Heiner Hepke (born 1947), politician (SPD), 1998-2003 deputy in the state parliament of Lower Saxony
- Martin Schmidt (born 1969), handball player
- Matthias Weidenhöfer (born 1985), German actor
- Felix Wiedwald (born 1990), football player
- Official site (in German)