Achimenes // is a genus of about 25 species of tropical and subtropical rhizomatous perennial herbs in the flowering plant family Gesneriaceae. They have a multitude of common names such as magic flowers, widow's tears, Cupid's bower, or hot water plant.
According to some authorities, the plant's name may come from the Greek word cheimanos meaning "tender" or "sensitive to cold ."
Range and taxonomy
The genus is native to North America (Mexico) and Central America, with one species (A. erecta) occurring naturally in the West Indies. The largest number of species is found in Mexico. Several species and hybrids are widely cultivated and naturalized outside their native range. A complete list of the species, with their synonyms and geographic distributions, can be found in the Smithsonian Institution's World Checklist of Gesneriaceae. Two species previously included in Achimenes are now classified in the segregation genus Eucodonia and several phylogenetic studies have supported this separation.
- Achimenes admirabilis Wiehler
- Achimenes antirrhina (DC.) C.V.Morton
- Achimenes brevifolia C.V.Morton
- Achimenes candida Lindl.
- Achimenes cettoana H.E.Moore
- Achimenes dulcis C.V.Morton
- Achimenes elota Denham
- Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs
- Achimenes fimbriata Rose ex C.V.Morton
- Achimenes flava C.V.Morton
- Achimenes glabrata (Zucc.) Fitzg.
- Achimenes grandiflora (Schiede) DC.
- Achimenes heterophylla (Mart.) DC.
- Achimenes hintoniana Ram.-Roa & L.E.Skog
- Achimenes longiflora DC.
- Achimenes mexicana (Seem.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Fritsch
- Achimenes misera Lindl.
- Achimenes nayaritensis L.E.Skog
- Achimenes obscura C.V.Morton
- Achimenes occidentalis C.V.Morton
- Achimenes patens Benth.
- Achimenes pedunculata Benth.
- Achimenes × sanguinea (hort. ex Hanst.) Regel ex Hanst.
- Achimenes skinneri Gordon ex Lindl.
- Achimenes tincticoma D.L. Denham
- Achimenes woodii C.V.Morton
Achimenes species and hybrids are commonly grown as greenhouse plants, or outdoors as bedding plants in subtropical regions. The species have been extensively hybridized, with many of the hybrids involving the large-flowered species A. grandiflora and A. longiflora. Many of the species and their hybrids have large, brightly colored flowers and are cultivated as ornamental greenhouse and bedding plants. They are generally easy to grow as long as their basic requirements are met: a rich well-drained soil, bright indirect light, warmth, constant moisture, and high humidity. They have a winter dormancy and overwinter as scaly rhizomes, which should be kept dry until they sprout again in the spring. Some of the species and their hybrids are moderately hardy and can be grown outdoors year-round in zone 8, or even zone 7 with protection.
Many hybrids of Achimenes were created by Konrad Michelsen, they are compact with big blooms,and few ones by other hybridizers . Starting from 2006 , A hybridizer from Romania SERGE SALIBA' has opened a new era of this genus and has succeeded to create miraculously some stunning varieties by putting all patterns ,shapes, colors on Achimenes corolla, WHICH DIDN'T EXIST BEFORE, making this plant so beloved and attractive among Gesneriads growers all over the world. It was something extremely new shown on Achemenes petals .He is now considered as a MAGICIAN by his fans and stills be the only one in world who can create such hybrids with such a high quality .It was indeed a genetic revolution in Achimenes genus which continues to occur year after year.
- Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
- Johnson, A.T. & Smith, H.A., Plant Names Simplifi Basic information with illustration of selected species. Ed. 2. http://www.genera-gesneriaceae.at
- The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved October 1, 2015
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