Achromobacter

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Achromobacter
Achromobacter xylosoxidans.tif
Achromobacter xylosoxidans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Alcaligenaceae
Genus: Achromobacter
Yabuuchi and Yano 1981
Type species
Achromobacter xylosoxidans
Species

A. arsenitoxydans
A. cholinophagum
A. clevelandea
A. cycloclastes
A. denitrificans
A. insolitus
A. lyticus
A. marplatensis
A. obae
A. piechaudii
A. ruhlandii
A. spanius
A. xylosoxidans

Achromobacter is a genus of bacteria, included in the family Alcaligenaceae in the order Burkholderiales. The cells are Gram-negative straight rods and are motile by using one to 20 peritrichous flagella. They are strictly aerobic and are found in water (fresh and marine) and soils.[1] They have also been identified as a contaminant in laboratory cell cultures.[2] They have been identified as opportunistic human pathogens in people with certain immunosuppressive conditions such as cystic fibrosis, cancer and kidney failure.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garrity, George M.; Brenner, Don J.; Krieg, Noel R.; Staley, James T. (eds.) (2005). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume Two: The Proteobacteria, Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6.
  2. ^ Gray, JS; Birmingham, JM; Fenton, JI (2010). "Got black swimming dots in your cell culture? Identification of Achromobacter as a novel cell culture contaminant". Biologicals : journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization. 38 (2): 273–277. PMC 2849847Freely accessible. PMID 19926304. doi:10.1016/j.biologicals.2009.09.006. 
  3. ^ Swenson, Colin E.; Sadikot, Ruxana T. (2015-02-01). "Achromobacter Respiratory Infections". Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 12 (2): 252–258. ISSN 2329-6933. doi:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201406-288FR.