November 27, 1965
Acid Tests were a series of parties held by author Ken Kesey in the San Francisco Bay Area during the mid-1960s, centered entirely around the use of, and advocacy of, the psychedelic drug LSD, also known as "acid."
The name "Acid Test" was coined by Kesey, after the term "
acid test" used by gold miners in the 1850s. He began throwing parties at his farm at La Honda, California. [1 ] The Merry Pranksters were central to organizing the Acid Tests, including Pranksters such as Lee Quarnstrom and Neal Cassady. Other people such as Tim Scully were involved as well.
Kesey took the parties to public places, and advertised with posters that read, "CAN YOU PASS THE ACID TEST?", and the name was later popularized in
Tom Wolfe's 1968 book, . Musical performances by the The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test Grateful Dead were commonplace, along with black lights, strobe lights, and fluorescent paint. The Acid Tests are notable for their influence on the LSD-based counterculture of the San Francisco area and subsequent transition from the beat generation to the hippie movement. The Jefferson Airplane song "A Song for All Seasons" (from ) mentions the Acid Tests. Volunteers
Trips Festival [ edit ]
Ramon Sender co-produced the Trips Festival with Ken Kesey and Stewart Brand. It was a three-day event that, in conjunction with The Merry Pranksters, brought together the nascent hippie movement for the first time. The Trips Festival was held at the Longshoreman's Hall in San Francisco in January 1966. Counterculture sound engineer [2 ] Ken Babbs is mostly credited for the sound systems he created for the Trips Festival. Prior to Babbs’ creation, it was discovered that particular music usually sounded distorted when cranked to high levels because of the cement floor on the San Francisco Longshoreman’s Union Hall (where the Trips Festival was taking place). Babbs being a sound engineer resolved the problem. He made sound amplifiers that would not create distorted sounds when turned up to high sound levels.
Stewart Brand, Ken Kesey, Owsley Stanley, Zach Stewart and others. Ten thousand people attended this sold-out event, with a thousand more turned away each night. On Saturday January 22, the [3 ] Grateful Dead and Big Brother and the Holding Company came on stage, and 6,000 people arrived to imbibe punch spiked with LSD and to witness one of the first fully developed light shows of the era. [4 ]
The Marbles were a psychedelic and rock group whose second most notable performances was at the Trips Festival on January 21, 22 and 23 along with Jefferson Airplane, The Charlatans and The Great Society. Both Shapiro and Dowler went on to become members of Paul Fauerso's The Loading Zone. [5 ] [6 ] The Loading Zone's first major concert was the Trips Festival at the Longshoreman's Hall in January 1966. [2 ] Big Brother and the Holding Company was formed at their first gig, the Trips Festival. In the audience was painter and jazz drummer David Getz, who soon joined the band. [7 ] [8 ] [9 ]
Timeline [ edit ]
San Francisco, California ( Fillmore) 15 January; Portland, Oregon
San Francisco (Trips Festival at Longshoreman's Hall) 29 January; San Francisco, California (
Sound City Studios) 5 February; Los Angeles, California (Northridge, Unitarian Church)
12 February; Los Angeles, California (Watts) – Youth Opportunities Center
25 February; Los Angeles, California (
Hollywood) – Cinema Theatre 12 March; Los Angeles, California (
Danish Center) 19 March; Los Angeles, California (Pico) Carthay Studios
25 March; Los Angeles, California (
Sunset Strip) – Troupers Club 30 September – 2 October; San Francisco, California (San Francisco State) –
Whatever It Is Festival – three days [12 ] 31 October; San Francisco, California (Acid Test Graduation at Winterland)
16 March; Houston, Texas (Brown College, Rice University) (
despite the "graduation" concept of the final West Coast Acid Test, the actual final Acid Test of The Merry Pranksters was organized inTexas by Kesey's friend ) Larry McMurtry [13 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Psychedelic 60s: Ken Kesey & the Merry Pranksters". 2009-12-16.
^ a b , 13 August 2008 Andrew Gilbert, "Loading Zone Reloaded", East Bay Express
^ Tamony, Peter. (Summer, 1981). Tripping out from San Francisco. American Speech. Vol. 56, No. 2. pp. 98–103. Tamony, 1981, p.98
^ retrieved 18 December 2006
^ Hannan, Ross and Arnold, Corry (2004–2010). "Loading Zone" . Retrieved . 2010-10-19
^ Perry, Charles. "A History of the Haight-Ashbury; The Trips Festival" . Retrieved . 2010-10-19
^ Brant, Marley (2008). Join Together: Forty Years of the Rock Music Festival. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 16.
^ Sinclair, Mick (2004). San Francisco: a cultural and literary history. Interlink Books. p. 204.
^ "Chronology". janisjoplin.net. 1998–2010 . Retrieved . 10 June 2010
^ The Acid Test Chronicles, page 11 http://www.postertrip.com/public/5572.cfm
^ "December 18, 1965: The Big Beat, Palo Alto--Lost and Found". 2013-04-11.
^ View KRON-TV newsfilm of the Whatever it is Festival, from 9/30/1966: https://diva.sfsu.edu/collections/sfbatv/bundles/209388.
^ "Lysergic Pranksters in Texas". 2014-11-20.
Sources [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]