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The Achirvati (IAST: Aciravati) was an ancient river flowing through what is now Nepal and the northern portion of Uttar Pradesh. It has been identified with the modern Rapti. [1]

The Achirvati was also known as the Ajiravati or the Airavati. The Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang knew it as A-chi-lo. Jain texts mention it as Eravai.[1]

The ancient city of Sravasti, once capital of Kosala Kingdom, stood on the western bank of the Achirvati. It was a tributary of the Sarayu. It was one of the five great rivers that constituted the Ganges group of rivers. It was one of the sacred rivers of the Buddhist midland.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c Kapoor, Subodh. "Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography". p. 5. Google books. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  2. ^ W. Hoey. "The Five Rivers of the Buddhists". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland 1907, pp. 41-46. Retrieved 2010-08-18.