Acitana is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown in northeast Sicily where it is often blended with Nerello Cappuccio and Nerello Mascalese around the village of Messina though Acitana is officially not a permitted variety for wines labeled under the local Faro DOC.
Ampelographers believe that Acitana is likely native to the island of Sicily and may have originated near of Catania on the east coast of the island. Northeast of Catania are several villages in the province of Catania with names that begin with Aci, such as Aci Sant'Antonio, Acireale, Aci Catena, Aci Castello and Aci Bonaccorsi, so it is possible that the name Acitana could be a portmanteau of Cantania and one of these Aci villages.
While historically, Acitana was once widely throughout the provinces of Catania and Messina, today it is mostly found near in Messina. While not officially recognized for use in the red Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) wine of Faro, the grape is sometimes used for vino da tavola red bends with Nrello Cappuccio and Nerello Mascalese.
Over the years, Acitana has also been known under the synonym Citana nera.
- J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 5 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2
- Vitis International Variety Catalogue (VIVC) Acitana Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed: February 15th, 2014