Acokanthera oblongifolia grows as an evergreen shrub or small tree up to 6 metres (20 ft) tall. Its fragrant flowers feature a white tinged pink corolla. Berries are purple when ripe. Vernacular names for the plant include "dune poison bush" and "wintersweet". Habitats are dry forest and coastal thickets. A. oblongifolia is used in local medicinal treatments for snakebites, itches and internal worms. The plant has been used as arrow poison.A oblongifolia is native to Mozambique and South Africa and is also found in Honduras and cultivated in Pakistan.