Acokanthera oppositifolia

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Acokanthera oppositifolia
Acokanthera oppositifolia, vrugte, Ou Fort, Durban.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Acokanthera
Species: A. oppositifolia
Binomial name
Acokanthera oppositifolia
  • Cestrum oppositifolium Lam. 1792
  • Toxicophlaea thunbergii Harv.
  • Acokanthera venenata (Burm.f.) G.Don
  • Acokanthera lamarckii G.Don
  • Carissa oppositifolia (Lam.) Pichon
  • Cestrum venenatum Burm.f.
  • Acokanthera venenata (Burm.f.) G.Don
  • Toxicophlaea thunbergii Harv.
  • Toxicophlaea cestroides A.DC.
  • Pleiocarpa hockii De Wild.
  • Acokanthera longiflora Stapf
  • Carissa acokanthera Pichon
  • Acokanthera rhodesica Merxm.
  • Carissa longiflora (Stapf) G.H.M.Lawr.
Acokanthera oppositifolia02.jpg

Acokanthera oppositifolia is a shrub used as the source of an arrow poison and to coat caltrops made from the sharp fruits of the puncture vine (Tribulus terrestris). All plants of the genus Acokanthera contain toxic cardiac glycosides strong enough to cause death. Acokanthera oppositifolia is widespread in southern and central Africa from Cape Province north to Zaire + Tanzania.[1][2]

Acokanthera schimperi is employed for the same purpose.


  1. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Retrieved 2017-08-07. 
  2. ^ Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.