Acquapendente

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Acquapendente
Comune di Acquapendente
Acquapendente.jpg
Acquapendente within the Province of Viterbo
Acquapendente within the Province of Viterbo
Location of Acquapendente
Acquapendente is located in Italy
Acquapendente
Acquapendente
Location of Acquapendente in Italy
Acquapendente is located in Lazio
Acquapendente
Acquapendente
Acquapendente (Lazio)
Coordinates: 42°44′38″N 11°51′52″E / 42.74389°N 11.86444°E / 42.74389; 11.86444Coordinates: 42°44′38″N 11°51′52″E / 42.74389°N 11.86444°E / 42.74389; 11.86444
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceViterbo (VT)
FrazioniTorre Alfina, Trevinano
Government
 • MayorAngelo Ghinassi
Area
 • Total131.61 km2 (50.81 sq mi)
Elevation
420 m (1,380 ft)
Population
(30 April 2017)[1]
 • Total5,428
 • Density41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Aquesiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
01021
Dialing code0763
Patron saintSaint Hermes
Saint dayAugust 28
WebsiteOfficial website

Acquapendente is a city and comune in the province of Viterbo, in Lazio (Italy). Acquapendente is a centre for the agricultural production of vegetables and wine, and has a tradition of pottery craftsmanship.

History[edit]

The area of modern Acquapendente was settled by Etruscans in Roman times, as archaeological finds have shown.[2] However, the first historical document of the modern city dates from the 9th century AD, with a town named Farisa or Arisa along the Via Francigena. A document from Emperor Otto I, dated 964, contains the first recorded use of the name Acquapendentem which means "hanging water", from several small waterfalls in the Paglia river on the boundary between Lazio and Tuscany.

Torre Alfina, about 8 kilometers east of Acquapendente

Acquapendente was the first stop in Italy in the travels of Saint Roch in the early 14th century; the saint supposedly spent several days in the hospital there curing plague victims.[3]

The city was later part of the March of Tuscany and, from the end of the 14th century and beginning of the 15th, it was part of the commune (later Republic) of Siena. In 1449 it became an independent centre within the Papal States.

After the complete destruction of Castro, Lazio in 1649, Acquapendente, previously part of the diocese of Orvieto, became the seat of a diocese that included what had been the diocese of Castro.[4][5][6] The diocese of Acquapendente continued in existence until 27 March 1986, when its territory was added to that of Viterbo.[7] No longer a residential bishopric, Aquipendium, as it is called in Latin, is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[8]

Geography[edit]

Located in the north of the Lazio, near the borders with Tuscany and Umbria, the municipality of Acquapendente borders with Allerona (TR), Castel Giorgio (TR), Castel Viscardo (TR), Grotte di Castro, Onano, Proceno, San Lorenzo Nuovo, San Casciano dei Bagni (SI) and Sorano (GR).

Main sights[edit]

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat
  2. ^ History at the Acquapendente communal website
  3. ^ Francesco Diedo, Vita Sancti Rochi (1478), translated by Irene Vaslef, in Irene Vaslef, "The Role of St. Roch as a Plague Saint: A Medieval Hagiographic Tradition" (PhD diss., Catholic University, 1984), 198.
  4. ^ Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, Venezia 1846, vol. V, pp. 549-581
  5. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 659-660
  6. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, pp. 173-174; vol. 2, pp. XIX, 121; vol. 3, p. 157; vol. 4, p. 140
  7. ^ Bull Qui non sine Archived April 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 823

External links[edit]

Media related to Acquapendente at Wikimedia Commons