Acquaviva Picena

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Acquaviva Picena
Comune
Comune di Acquaviva Picena
The fortress of Acquaviva
The fortress of Acquaviva
Acquaviva Picena is located in Italy
Acquaviva Picena
Acquaviva Picena
Location of Acquaviva Picena in Italy
Coordinates: 42°57′N 13°49′E / 42.950°N 13.817°E / 42.950; 13.817Coordinates: 42°57′N 13°49′E / 42.950°N 13.817°E / 42.950; 13.817
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province / Metropolitan city Ascoli Piceno (AP)
Frazioni Abbadetta, Casaricca, Forola, Madonna delle Piane, Quercia, Sant'Angelo
Government
 • Mayor Pierpaolo Rosetti
Area
 • Total 20.9 km2 (8.1 sq mi)
Elevation 365 m (1,198 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 3,690
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Acquavivani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 63075
Dialing code 0735
Patron saint Saint Nicholas
Saint day December 6
Website Official website

Acquaviva Picena is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche. The village lies on a hill over the Valley of Tronto, just a few kilometres from the Adriatic Sea and San Benedetto del Tronto. From the top of the hill (365 m.s.l.), it’s possible to see the Sibillini Mountains (Monte Vettore), and even the further away Gran Sasso and Majella.

History[edit]

The Acquaviva area has been inhabited since prehistory, proof of that are several archaeological finds, most of which are from the Piceno age, but also from the Roman Age. When the Picentes (or Piceni, italian), which settled here during the VI century b.C., were subdued by Roman forces, the village of Acquaviva survived thanks to the closeness to Castrum Truentinum.

During the Barbarian Invasions the village grew into an urban settlement: the coming of Longobards and Saracens forced the coastal population to move inland. The village was originally owned by the Farfa Abbey (947), then became feud of the Acquaviva’s family (hence the name) that build the fortress during the XIII century.

In 1341 Acquaviva became under control of the city of Fermo and became an important garrison in enemy territory, keeping coastal villages (San Benedetto in Albula) out of the reach of Ascoli. During the 4th century the village population grew, bringing its numbers to twice its original size. The eastern section of the village was built and named “Terra nuova” to separate it from “Terra Vecchia” which was the original settlement, just before the fortress. That made it necessary to build another section of the fortress on the same side, to the East.

Since it was part of the State of the Church, Acquaviva was annexed with a plebiscite vote to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860. During Napoleon’s campaign in 1799, the anti-french armed forces lead by the brigand Sciabolone ravaged the village, destroying the municipal archive and, with it, the main source of texts of local history. The following reconstruction of its history and traditions was based on outside sources.

Main sights[edit]

  • Fortress of Acquaviva (XIII-XIV century). Majestic medieval fortress, among the biggest and better preserved in the Marche region, restored in the 4th century by Baccio Pontelli;
  • Clock tower;
  • Church of San Nicolò. Built during the XVI century and restored during the XIX century. The horizontal cornice facade with tympanum hosts the main door, sculpted by craftsmen of the school of Ascoli. Interior has a Latin cross shape with a central nave and holds several works of art, mostly paintings and statues;
  • Church of San Rocco (XIII century). Augustinian temple in 1613 with cloister;
  • Church of San Giuseppe;
  • Church of Madonna della Pietà;
  • Church of San Francesco. Franciscan convent with cloister, the oldest in the Marca Fermana, founded by San Francesco d’Assisi himself, today neglected;
  • Country church of Santa Maria delle Palme;
  • Country church of Santa Maria in Accubitu.

Culture[edit]

Events[edit]

  • The fair Acquaviva Comics Academy was one of the main comics event in Italy. Started in 1996 as Acquaviva nei Fumetti and ended in 2006, it took place every August.
  • The historical reenactment Sponsalia stages the wedding between Forasteria d’Acquaviva and Rainaldo di Brunforte (1234). Started in 1988 between the months of July and August, two city districts, Aquila and Civetta, compete in the Palio del Duca, a series of trials of medieval sports. A four district (Aquila, Civetta, Falco, Picchio) Palio for elementary and middle school children takes place every year during the month of June.

Relevant Citizens of Acquaviva Picena[edit]

  • Amedeo Crivelucci (Acquaviva Picena, 20 April 1850 - Rome, 11 November 1914) historian;
  • Celso Ulpiani (Acquaviva Picena, 1867 - 1919), M.D. and agronomist;
  • Pietro Colonnella (Acquaviva Picena, 19 February 1956), politician.

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]