Acquaviva delle Fonti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Acquaviva delle Fonti
Acquaviva delle Fonti is located in Italy
Acquaviva delle Fonti
Acquaviva delle Fonti
Location of Acquaviva delle Fonti in Italy
Coordinates: 40°54′N 16°51′E / 40.900°N 16.850°E / 40.900; 16.850
Country Italy
Region  Apulia
Province / Metropolitan city Bari (BA)
Frazioni Collone, Salentino
 • Mayor Davide Francesco Ruggero Carlucci
 • Total 130.98 km2 (50.57 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 21,320
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Acquavivesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 70021
Dialing code 080
Patron saint Sant'Eustachio, SS. Maria di Costantinopoli
Saint day May 20
Website Official website

Acquaviva delle Fonti ("Acquaveìvə" Bari dialect) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy. The name "Acquaviva" comes from the large flow of groundwater flowing into the subsoil; Acqua-water/Viva-alive to enhance the abundance of underground water. The elevation is 300 metres (980 ft) above sea level, and the town is 26 kilometres (16 mi) from the Adriatic Sea and Bari, which is the biggest city of the region. The Ionian Sea is more than 45 kilometres (28 mi) away.

Acquaviva houses one of the biggest hospitals of all of southern Italy, the Ospedale Generale Regionale Francesco Miulli, or Hospital Miulli, which has almost all surgery departments and even a center for the treatment of rare diseases. On 30 September 2006 was officially inaugurated the new structure of the Hospital "Francesco Miulli" in "Curtomartino" area, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) outside Acquaviva on the road for Santeramo in Colle. Forty months of implementation, more than 170 technical engineers, surveyors, architects, 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft) of total area, 16,000 square metres (170,000 sq ft) of which are covered. More than 600 workers employed to build this huge structure that incorporates a total of 705 beds.


Acquaviva enjoys a Mediterranean fresh climate with mild winters and warm to hot, dry summers. Snowfall in winter is very rare but possible. During the summer of 2008 temperatures reached as high as 42 °C (108 °F).


The origins are uncertain. Some scholars and historians trace the foundation around the 4th-5th century BC in the area of Salentino hamlet, a few kilometers from the modern town, on a hill overlooking a fertile plain area. Probably the greater fertility of the land in the valley, the abundance of spring water that flowed into the ground a few feet from the surface, or some devastation were the causes that led the people of Salentino to move to the current city center.

The city's prosperity has been historically connected to its large underground aquifer. In the early Christian era it was an episcopal see, but was later destroyed by foreign invasions. Under the Aragonese domination a castle was built here. In the 15th century its fief belonged fir to the Orsini del Balzo and then, starting with Giulio Antonio Acquaviva, to the eponymous family, who held it until 1614.

Main sights[edit]

Acquaviva Cathedral (Concattedrale di Sant'Eustachio di Acquaviva delle Fonti), church built in the 12th century (from 1158 onwards) is located here in the old city, since 1986 a co-cathedral in the Diocese of Altamura-Gravina-Acquaviva delle Fonti.


The town has the highest concentration of privates companies of all the area. The industrial park of Acquaviva is quite huge considering the population. This places the town among those cities with higher GDP of all the southern Italy.


The city is known for the red (purple) onion that grows on her land, called Cipolla Rossa di Acquaviva delle Fonti. The production is very limited (less than 300 tons per year) because its cultivation still uses traditional and rudimentary methods in order to preserve the aroma and the fragrance. The red onion from Acquaviva is celebrated with a festival that is held in the end of July every year.


Acquaviva has a TV station TeleMajg broadcasting on digital platform and streaming as well, a domestic newspaper called L'eco di Acquaviva.


Acquaviva has an exit on the A14 highway Taranto-Bologna; the exit is right after Bari South driving 18 kilometres (11 mi) towards Taranto. It is also home to a railway station is on the main railway Taranto-Ancona. The closest seaport is Bari, 30 kilometres (19 mi) distant, while Taranto seaport is 45 kilometres (28 mi) away.

The closest international airport is the Bari Karol Wojtyła Airport, 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Acquaviva. The Brindisi – Salento Airport is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away.

Famous people[edit]

Twin towns—Sister cities[edit]

San Miguel de Allende