|Comune di Acqui Terme|
|Frazioni||Lussito, Ovrano, Moirano|
|• Mayor||Lorenzo Lucchini (Five Star Movement)|
|• Total||33.42 km2 (12.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||156 m (512 ft)|
(30 April 2017)
|• Density||600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Guido of Acqui|
|Saint day||June 11|
Acqui Terme (Italian pronunciation: [ˈakkwi ˈtɛrme]; Piedmontese: Àich [ˈɑi̯k]) is a city and comune in the province of Alessandria, Piedmont, northern Italy. It is about 35 kilometres (22 mi) south-southwest of Alessandria. It is one of the principal winemaking communes of the Italian DOCG wine Brachetto d'Acqui.
The city's hot sulphur springs have been famous since this was the Roman town of Aquae Statiellae; the ancient baths are referred to by Paulus Diaconus and the chronicler Liutprand of Cremona. In 1870 Giovanni Ceruti designed a small pavilion, known as La Bollente, for the spot at the centre of the town where the waters bubble up at 75 °C (167 °F).
During the Roman period, the region was connected by road with Alba Pompeia and Augusta Taurinorum (Turin) and was populated by the local Celto-Ligurian tribe of the Statielli. The region was subject to Roman rule after their main center, Carystum (Acqui Terme), was attacked in 173 BC by the legions led by the consul Marcus Popilius Laenas. The Statielli did not oppose the resistance, but in contravention of the Roman law of war, the console killed thousands of them, reduced the other gauls to slavery, and began to organize the sale of slaves from the population. Some of them were transferred to the north of the Po, but others survived free in small villages in the surrounding areas that remained outside of Roman rule. In 2008 a necropolis was found in the nearby town of Montabone. The remains show that the Statielli conserved their own customs and traditions for the entire the first century B.C., and likely after.
While controlled by Rome, an important town was built over Carystum, known for the natural thermal waters and spas. The remains of the aqueduct which supplied the waters and springs can still be found near the center of the town, along the river Bormida.
In the 6th century, Acqui became part of the Lombard kingdom of northern Italy. It was ruled by its bishop from 978, becoming an independent commune in 1135. In 1278 it was annexed to the Marquisate of Montferrat, to which it belonged until the acquisition by the Duchy of Savoy.
It was connected by a railway line to Genoa in 1892.
- Acqui Cathedral: Romanesque edifice on the Latin cross plan, built in the late 10th century and consecrated in 1067 to Santa Maria Assunta by bishop Guido. The façade has a portal sculpted by Antonio Pilacorte, a late 15th-century rose window and a 17th-century portico. The Gothic-style bell tower is from 1479. The interior houses a late 15th-century triptych by the Spanish artist Bartolomé Bermejo, and a Baroque altar of Saint Guido.
- The Palaeologi Castle, mentioned for the first time in 1056. It was rebuilt in the 15th century by Marquis William VII of Montferrat.
- Church of the Addolorata: also called San Pietro dates to 7th-century. It was almost entirely rebuilt in the 10th-11th centuries in Romanesque style, and attached to a Benedictine abbey. It was again renovated in the 18th century, and returned to a neo-Romanesque appearance in the 1930s.
- Church of San Francesco: rebuilt in 19th-century, stands adjacent to 15th century cloister of the former Franciscan convent.
- Church of the Madonnalta
- Sant'Antonio Abate
- Church of Madonna della Nieve
- Roman Aqueduct, also called Roman Arches Site.
Twin towns—sister cities
Acqui Terme is twinned with:
- Pierdomenico Baccalario (born 1974), writer.
- Giulietto Chiesa (born 1940), journalist and politician.
- Luigi Raimondi (born 1912), Apostolic Delegate to the United States, cardinal, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Causes of Saints.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Bastianich, J.; Lynch, D. (2005). Vino Italiano. Crown Publishing. pp. 132, 153, 419. ISBN 1-4000-9774-6.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Acqui". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 154. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- Le Ceneri Degli Statielli - La necropoli della seconda età del Ferro di Montabone, ISBN 978-88-5503-117-2
- Roman Aqueduct
- Official website
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .
- Acquese Web Portal of tourism, typical products, health and wellness (in Italian)