Acrididae

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Acrididae
Coryphistes ruricola.jpg
Bark Mimicking Grasshopper, Coryphistes ruricola (Catantopinae)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Caelifera
Superfamily: Acridoidea
Family: Acrididae
MacLeay, 1819
Subfamilies

See text

Synonyms

Acridiidae MacLeay 1821

The Acrididae[1] are the predominant family of grasshoppers, comprising some 10,000 of the 11,000 species of the entire suborder Caelifera. The Acrididae are best known because all locusts (swarming grasshoppers) are of the Acrididae. The subfamily Oedipodinae is sometimes classified as a distinct family Oedipodidae in the superfamily Acridoidea. Acrididae grasshoppers are characterized by relatively short and stout antennae, and tympana on the side of the first abdominal segment.

Subfamilies[edit]

Pezotettix giornae (Pezotettiginae)
Caryanda spuria (Caryandinae)
Eucoptacra anguliflava female (Coptacrinae)
Rhytidochrota risaraldae

The Orthoptera Species File (September 2021) lists the following subfamilies of Acrididae. The number of species below is approximate, and the number of genera and species tend to change over time.

  • Acridinae MacLeay, 1821 (140 genera, 470 species), Worldwide: temperate and tropical
  • Calliptaminae Jacobson, 1905 (12 genera, 90 species), Africa, Europe, Asia
  • Caryandinae Yin & Liu, 1987 (3 genera, 100 species), Africa, Asia
  1. Caryanda Stål, 1878
  2. Cercina Stål, 1878
  3. Lemba (grasshopper) Huang, 1983
  • Catantopinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (325 genera, 990 species), Africa, Asia ("spur-throated grasshoppers")
  • Copiocerinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (22 genera, 90 species), Central & South America
  • Coptacrinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (20 genera, 110 species), Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia
  • Cyrtacanthacridinae Kirby, 1910 (38 genera, 170 species), Worldwide ("bird grasshoppers")
  • Egnatiinae Bey-Bienko & Mistshenko, 1951 (30 species), Africa to central Asia
  • Eremogryllinae Dirsh, 1956 (5 species), North Africa
  1. Eremogryllus Krauss, 1902
  2. Notopleura (grasshopper) Krauss, 1902
  • Euryphyminae Dirsh, 1956 (23 genera, 80 species), Africa including Madagascar
  • Eyprepocnemidinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (26 genera, 150 species), Africa, mainland Europe, Asia
  • Gomphocerinae Fieber, 1853 (192 genera, 1200 species), Worldwide
  • Habrocneminae Yin, 1982 (15 species), China, Indochina
  1. Habrocnemis Uvarov, 1930
  2. Longzhouacris You & Bi, 1983 - China only
  3. Menglacris Jiang & Zheng, 1994 (syn. Tectiacris Wei & Zheng, 2005)- China
  1. Asymmetritania Storozhenko, 2021
  2. Bettotania Willemse, 1933
  3. Incolacris Willemse, 1932
  4. Stolzia Willemse, 1930
  • Leptysminae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (21 genera, 70 species), Central and South America
  • Marelliinae Eades, 2000 (monotypic, 1 species), South America
  1. Marellia Uvarov, 1929
  • Melanoplinae Scudder, 1897 (146 genera, 1100 species), Americas, Eurasia
  • Oedipodinae Walker, 1871 (138 genera, 790 species), Worldwide
  • Ommatolampidinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (115 genera, 290 species), South America
  • Oxyinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (33 genera, 210 species), Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Australasia
  • Pauliniinae Hebard, 1923 (monotypic, 1 species), South America
  • Pezotettiginae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (10 species), Europe, western Asia, Middle East
  • Proctolabinae Amédégnato, 1974 (29 genera, 210 species), Central and South America
  • Rhytidochrotinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (20 genera, 40 species), South America
  • Spathosterninae Rehn, 1957 (single tribe, currently with 3 genera and 12 species), Africa, Indomalaya, Australia
  • Teratodinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (8 genera, 20 species), Africa, southwest Asia
  • Tropidopolinae Jacobson, 1905 (13 genera, 30 species), Africa, southern Europe, Asia

incertae sedis[edit]

  1. Chapulacris Descamps, 1975
  2. Eucopiocera - monotypic E. rubripes Bruner, 1908
  3. Halffterina Descamps, 1975
  4. Leptalacris Descamps & Rowell, 1978 - monotypic L. fastigiata Descamps & Rowell, 1978
  • unplaced genera:
  1. Atopacris Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
  2. Castetsia Bolívar, 1902
  3. Jumandiacris Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
  4. Melliacris Ramme, 1941
  5. Palandella Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
  6. Pileolum Bolívar, 1917
  7. Tylotropidiopsis Storozhenko, 1992
  8. Heeracris Zeuner, 1937
  9. Menatacridium Piton, 1936
  10. Taeniopodites Cockerell, 1909
  11. Tyrbula Scudder, 1885

See also[edit]

List of Acrididae genera

References[edit]

  1. ^ MacLeay WS (1821) Horae Entomologicae or Essays on the Annulose Animals 2

External links[edit]