Act! (Italy)

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Act!
Fare!
Secretary Flavio Tosi
Coordinator Fabio Venturi
Founded 21 July 2015
Split from Lega Nord
Headquarters Via delle Nazioni, 19
37135 Verona
Think tank Ricostruiamo il Paese
Ideology Federalism
Liberalism[1]
Political position Centre-right[2]
National affiliation Us with Italy
Centre-right coalition
European affiliation none
International affiliation none
European Parliament group no MEPs
Colours           Yellow, black
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Website
www.farecontosi.it

Act! (Italian: Fare!, F!) is a centre-right political party in Italy, based in Veneto.

Its leader is Flavio Tosi, former mayor of Verona and former leader of Liga VenetaLega Nord (LV–LN), who was ejected from it in the run-up of the 2015 Venetian regional election, due to his opposition to Matteo Salvini's political line.[3]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

In the run-up of the 2015 regional election, after a long struggle with Lega Nord federal secretary Matteo Salvini, Flavio Tosi was ejected from the party and, consequently, removed from his office of national secretary of Liga Veneta, the largest party in Veneto and one of the largest "national" sections of Lega Nord.[4][5] Consequently, Tosi decided to run for President of Veneto, in competition with incumbent President Luca Zaia (official candidate of the party).[6]

Tosi was joined by three deputies (Matteo Bragantini, Roberto Caon, Emanuele Prataviera), three senators (Patrizia Bisinella, Raffaela Bellot, Emanuela Munerato),[7] and nine regional councillors of Veneto (Luca Baggio, Matteo Toscani, Francesco Piccolo, Daniele Stival, Giuseppe Stoppato, Diego Bottacin, Maurizio Conte, Andrea Bassi, Leonardo Padrin, Mauro Mainardi, Renzo Marangon and Moreno Teso). The latter came not just from Liga Veneta, but also other parties.

In the regional election, whose results were a large victory of Zaia and a historical high for Liga Veneta, Tosi won 11.9% of the vote as candidate for President and two lists close to him, the Tosi List for Veneto and Il Veneto del Fare con Tosi, obtained a combined 7.1% and four regional councillors (Bassi, Conte, Stefano Casali and Giovanna Negro).

Foundation and early years[edit]

In July 2015 Tosi re-organised his followers into a full-fledged party, named Act! (Fare!). Immediately, Michele Boldrin, leader of Act to Stop the Decline, sued Act! as the names of the two parties looked too similar,[8] but nothing consequential happened.

In September a fourth deputy joined the party: Marco Marcolin, also from Liga Veneta–Lega Nord.[9] Marcolin would switch to Civic Choice (SC) in October 2016.[10][11][12]

In October Act! became an occasional supporter of the centre-left government led by Matteo Renzi, whom Tosi held in high esteem, fueling rumors that the party might either enter in stable alliance with or join Renzi's Democratic Party (PD).[13] However, during the party's national convention in February 2016, Tosi rejected any notion of a stable alliance with Renzi, while expressing his interest for an agreement with centre-right forces.[14] In fact, Act! maintained its independence from the government, while occasionally supporting it and favouring the "yes" vote in the 2016 constitutional referendum, differently from the entire centre-right. The vote resulted in a huge defeat for Renzi, who resigned from Prime Minister and was replaced by Democrat Paolo Gentiloni, at the head of an alike centre-left government.

Since April 2016 Act! had formed a sub-group within the Mixed Group of the Chamber of Deputies in alliance with the Italian Republican Party (PRI), a minor liberal party which had no deputies, but had run in the 2013 general election and, as such, could form a sub-group under its name.[15]

Internal rifts and centrist alliances[edit]

In November 2016 Casali launched his bid for mayor of Verona in 2017 without Tosi's support,[16] in the following months formed a separate group from that of the Tosi List for Verona in the Municipal Council, while continuing to lead the Tosi List for Veneto in the Regional Council,[17][18] and finally chose to support the joint centre-right candidate for mayor, Federico Sboarina.[19] Bisinella was instead chosen as the party's official candidate for mayor.[20][21]

Contextually, at the national level, Tosi was planning a new liberal party with Civic Choice (SC), the support of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi and the endorsement of Guy Verhofstadt (leader of the ALDE Group in the European Parliament),[22] in the context of a broad centrist front, composed also by Popular Alternative (AP), the Centrists for Europe (CpE) and the Liberal Popular Alliance (ALA).[23][24][25] In May the liberal and pro-EU "Free Italy" was launched during a convention.[26]

In May 2017 Casali and Bassi finally left Act! and formed a separate group from LTV's in the Regional Council, the Venetian Centre-Right.[27][28] In doing this, they were joined by a third councillor, Fabiano Barbisan of Liga Veneta (but elected with the Zaia List), for technical reasons.

In June 2017 Bisinella came second with 23.5% in the municipal election of Verona, but, despite the external support of the PD,[29] she was defeated by Sboarina 41.9% to 58.1% in the run-off.[30] The Tosi List won 16.5% (with Tosi obtaining 3,000 preference votes)[31] and Act! 2.7%. Outside Verona, Tosiani obtained negligible results.

Back to the centre-right[edit]

After the defeat in Verona, Tosi started a rapproachment with the centre-right, especially with Silvio Berlusconi and his Forza Italia (FI) party.[32][33][34] Despite this, the party suffered another centre-right split in Veneto, where Conte launched Veneto for Autonomy,[35][36][37] effectively disbanding the LTV. Along with Conte, the two most leading founding members of the new party were Baggio, a former regional councillor and national president of Liga Veneta, and Caon, a deputy. Subsequently, Caon left Act!'s sub-group and joined the group of FI, while the remaining two F! deputies joined forces with AP splinter Enrico Costa, under the new name "Act!–PRI–Liberals".[38]

In December 2017 F! was a founding member of Us with Italy (NcI), a pro-Berlusconi centrist list within the centre-right coalition for the 2018 general election, along with SC, splinters of AP (two groups, one led by Costa and the other by Maurizio Lupi), Direction Italy (DI), Popular Construction (CP) and the Movement for the Autonomies (MpA).[39][40][41] NcI was later enlarged to the Union of the Centre (UdC)[42][43][44] and Identity and Action (IdeA),[45][46] with the goal of reaching 3%, required to win seats from proportional lists under a new electoral law.

Ideology[edit]

Act! adopts a moderate approach, supporting social conservatism on public security, social liberalism on social themes (even though some of its elects are quite conservative on those issues), economic liberalism and federalism. Here are some of the positions held by the party:

Electoral results[edit]

Regional elections[edit]

Region Latest election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
Veneto 2015 131,955 (#5) 7.1
4 / 51

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ecco il partito di Tosi". L'Intraprendente. 21 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Claudio Peri (21 July 2015). "Il partito di Flavio Tosi: "Fare!"". Panorama. 
  3. ^ Il partito di Flavio Tosi: "Fare!"
  4. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/15_marzo_10/caso-tosi-salvini-prendo-atto-sua-decadenza-segretario-veneto-c6f627d2-c768-11e4-ace1-14c9e44d41cb.shtml
  5. ^ http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/2015/marzo/11/Salvini_rottura_nella_Lega_Tosi_co_0_20150311_19ef6226-c7bb-11e4-80a1-d57600bcc7ce.shtml
  6. ^ http://www.lastampa.it/2015/03/14/italia/politica/tosi-si-candida-in-veneto-e-attacca-salvini-nemmeno-renzi-si-sarebbe-comportato-cos-1VTk7w8ZOpQP776InKXR7K/pagina.html
  7. ^ Partito di Tosi prossimo al lancio: martedì 21 luglio a Roma alla Camera dei Deputati
  8. ^ Flavio Tosi nei guai: "Fare per farmare il declino" gli fa causa
  9. ^ Michele Muro (September 2015). "E la Lega restò senza parlamentari veneti". L'Intraprendente. 
  10. ^ http://espresso.repubblica.it/palazzo/2016/10/12/news/scelta-civica-zanetti-vince-la-battaglia-sul-nome-e-verdini-entra-in-maggioranza-1.285664
  11. ^ http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2016/10/25/taglio-stipendi-parlamentari-lex-leghista-entrato-in-maggioranza-raddoppiamo-i-nostri-emolumenti-basta-demagogia/3120254/
  12. ^ http://www.vvox.it/2016/10/25/marcolin-scelta-civica-raddoppiare-stipendi-parlamentari
  13. ^ Alberto Maggi (12 October 2015). "Renzi-Tosi, patto segreto. Eccolo". Affari Italiani. 
  14. ^ "Tosi: "Noi i veri moderati Renzi non ha rivali e vince"". Il Mattino di Padova. 29 February 2016. 
  15. ^ http://corrieredelveneto.corriere.it/veneziamestre/notizie/politica/2016/3-maggio-2016/flavio-tosi-nuovo-malfa-fare-ingloba-moribondo-pri-240380161627.shtml
  16. ^ http://www.veronasera.it/politica/casali-candidato-sindaco-amministrative-2017-1-novembre-2016.html
  17. ^ http://www.larena.it/territori/citt%C3%A0/tosiani-spaccati-nasce-il-gruppodi-stefano-casali-1.5430298
  18. ^ http://www.vvox.it/2017/04/08/verona-tosi-senza-maggioranza-sopravvivenza-neo-democristiana
  19. ^ http://www.veronasera.it/politica/verona-domani-lancia-candidato-sindaco-sboarina-11-aprile-2017.html
  20. ^ http://corrieredelveneto.corriere.it/verona/notizie/politica/2017/22-aprile-2017/-giorno-patrizia-bisinella-fidanzata-aspirante-sindaco-2401504622039.shtml
  21. ^ http://www.veronasera.it/politica/patrizia-bisinella-candidata-sindaco-verona-22-aprile-2017.html
  22. ^ http://www.sceltacivica.it/doc/2160/enrico-zanetti-nasce-soggetto-liberale-e-europeista.htm
  23. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/alfano-co-lanciano-primarie-aperte-fuori-estremisti-1383817.html
  24. ^ http://www.agora24.it/2017/04/alfano-casini-tosi-zanetti-centristi-lanciano-partito-dei-moderati-autunno-le-primarie
  25. ^ http://formiche.net/2017/04/08/616010
  26. ^ http://www.radioradicale.it/scheda/508034/liberaitalia-europa-fisco-giustizia-idee-per-liberare-litalia-da-populismo-statalismo
  27. ^ http://www.veronasera.it/politica/venturi-bassi-casali-centrodestra-veneto-traditore-24-maggio-2017.html
  28. ^ http://www.tgverona.it/pages/582707/politica/casali_e_bassi_creano_nuovo_gruppo_in_regione.html
  29. ^ http://www.veronasera.it/politica/pd-elezioni-ballottaggio-indicazione-voto-bisinella-sboarina-17-giugno-2017-.html
  30. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2017/elezioni/comunali/verona.html
  31. ^ http://www.larena.it/territori/citt%C3%A0/tosi-oltre-3mila-solo-tre-candidati-sopra-i-mille-voti-1.5764968
  32. ^ http://www.lastampa.it/2017/07/19/italia/politica/la-rete-di-berlusconi-per-la-lega-azzurra-c-laccordo-con-tosi-4f0M7mqWEjVwsc4LHu01eP/pagina.html
  33. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/17_luglio_20/flavio-tosi-civico-destra-lega-non-guidano-loro-026d88e2-6cc0-11e7-adf5-09dddc53fe2d.shtml
  34. ^ https://www.ilprimatonazionale.it/approfondimenti/berlusconi-imbarca-tosi-e-perdona-alfano-le-mosse-anti-salvini-del-cav-69850
  35. ^ http://www.consiglioveneto.it/crvportal/pageContainer.jsp?p=84&n=81&c=5&e=91&t=1&idEvento=8444
  36. ^ http://www.ansa.it/pressrelease/veneto/2017/07/28/crv-maurizio-conte-presenta-la-nuova-denominazione-del-gruppo-consiliare_1a10eb4a-e396-4559-852d-014ee6eb8a6c.html
  37. ^ http://www.larena.it/territori/citt%C3%A0/referendum-parte-la-corsae-si-accende-lo-scontro-politico-1.5864271?refresh_ce#
  38. ^ http://www.agora24.it/2017/08/camera-roberto-caon-aderisce-gruppo-fi-forzisti-unica-proposta-credibile
  39. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/12/19/news/listone_centristi_pro_berlusconi-184566329
  40. ^ [https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2017/12/19/noi-con-litalia-ecco-la-quarta-gamba-del-centrodestra-ex-fi-leghisti-espulsi-e-alfaniani-pentiti-rinasce-lamore-per-berlusconi/4049201
  41. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/nasce-noi-litalia-quarta-gamba-centrodestra-1475804.html
  42. ^ http://www.affaritaliani.it/milano/udc-noi-con-italia-accordo-sulla-lista-torna-lo-scudo-crociato-517050.html
  43. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/17_dicembre_30/gentiloni-berlusconi-lornzin-casini-pd-margherita-civica-popolare-simbolo-votazioni-nasce-stampella-centrista-forza-italia-c6bba08c-ecfc-11e7-ba29-fb1d66cc2503.shtml
  44. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/berlusconi-si-appella-ai-delusi-politica-sar-sfida-coi-5-1478798.html
  45. ^ http://www.affaritaliani.it/puglia/la-tela-fitto-cesa-si-allarga-su-idea-di-gaetano-quagliariello-517848.html
  46. ^ http://formiche.net/2018/01/05/saremo-garantire-lautosufficienza-al-centrodestra-parla-gaetano-quagliariello
  47. ^ Antonio Rapisarda (28 January 2016). "Tosi: "Tifo Renzi non Salvini"". Il Tempo. 
  48. ^ "Economia e Lavoro". Act!. 13 November 2015. 
  49. ^ "Buon Governo". Act!. 13 November 2015. 
  50. ^ "Giustizia". Act!. 13 November 2015. 
  51. ^ "Italia-Europa". Act!. 13 November 2015. 
  52. ^ "Difesa Nazionale". Act!. 13 November 2015. 

External links[edit]