In structural semantics, the actantial model, also called the actantial narrative schema, is a tool used to analyze the action that takes place in a story, whether real or fictional. It was developed in 1966 by semiotician Algirdas Julien Greimas.
The model considers an action as divided into six facets, called actants. Those actants are a combined framework inspired mainly between Vladimir Propp's and Étienne Souriau's actantial theories.
- Herbert 2006 Tools, Ch.5, Origins and function
- Herbert 2006 Actantial
- Greimas, Algirdas Julien  Structural Semantics: An Attempt at a Method
- Greimas (1973).
- Venancio, Rafael Duarte Oliveira, Narrative between Action and Transformation: A. J. Greimas' Narratological Models (December 3, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2879907
- David Herman, Manfred Jahn, Marie-Laure Ryan (2005) Routledge encyclopedia of narrative theory, p. 574
- Greimas, Algirdas Julien. 1973. "Actants, Actors, and Figures." On Meaning: Selected Writings in Semiotic Theory. Trans. Paul J. Perron and Frank H, Collins. Theory and History of Literature, 38. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1987. 106-120.
- Herbert, Louis[permanent dead link] (2006) Tools for Text and Image Analysis: An Introduction to Applied Semiotics, online eboook, published by Texto !
- Herbert, Louis (2006) The Actantial Model, in Louis Hébert (dir.), Signo [online], Rimouski (Quebec), http://www.signosemio.com
- Felluga, Dino Modules on Greimas: On the Semiotic Square. Introductory Guide to Critical Theory.
- Felluga, Dino. Modules on Greimas: On Plotting. Introductory Guide to Critical Theory.
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