Acting President of Russia
|Acting President of |
|Executive branch in Russian Politics|
|Status||Acting Head of State|
Head of Government (ex officio according to the Constitution)
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Russia|
The Acting President of the Russian Federation (Russian: Исполняющий обязанности Президента Российской Федерации) is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Russia. The Acting President is a person who fulfills the duties of President of the Russian Federation when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. This post is held by the Prime Minister of Russia.
Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin assumed the role of Acting President when President Boris Yeltsin underwent heart surgery. Chernomyrdin served for one day, from 5 November to 6 November 1996. No major event occurred during that time.
During the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, Vice President Alexander Rutskoy was named by Parliament as the Acting President when the legislature announced Yeltsin's removal from office. On 21 September 1993 at 12:22 a.m., Rutskoy assumed the powers of acting president of Russia. He took the presidential oath, stating, "I am taking the authority of President. The anti-constitutional decree of President Yeltsin is annulled."
Rutskoy's interim presidency, although constitutional, was never acknowledged outside of Russia. After the two-week standoff and the violence on the streets of Moscow, on 4 October 1993 the Parliament building was taken by Yeltsin's military forces. Rutskoy and his supporters were arrested and charged with organization of mass disturbances. On the same day, Yeltsin officially dismissed Rutskoy as vice president and fired him from the military forces. The Vice Presidency was abolished.
After Yeltsin's resignation on 31 December 1999, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin became the Acting President until election. Snap election were held in March 2000 and were won by Putin. He officially took office of President on 7 May 2000.
The Constitution does not explicitly specify who should become Acting President if the Prime Minister is not appointed or is unable to perform his or her duties. This gap is to some extent filled by the Federal Constitutional Law "About the Government of the Russian Federation", article 8 of which states:
|“||In the temporary absence of the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation of his duties shall be performed by one of the Deputy Prime Ministers of the Russian Federation in accordance with written delineation of responsibilities.||”|
Accordingly, if it is assumed that the performance of the duties of the President in urgent cases is one of the direct duties of the Prime Minister, and his deputies are authorized to perform all his duties in case of his absence, the duties of the President should be temporarily assigned to one of the Deputy Prime Ministers in the order of substitution, established by the order of the Prime Minister. However, the legality of the temporary performance of the duties of the President by the Deputy Prime Ministers is groundless, both from practical and theoretical positions. So far, these gaps in the legislation have not yet manifested themselves.
On the other hand, some believe that if the Prime Minister cannot serve as Acting President, the Acting President should be the Chairman of the Federation Council. However, nowhere in the legislation is this fixed.
|Portrait||Name||Affiliation||Term of office||Qualifying office||Notes|
September 16, 1947
|Independent||September 22, 1993||October 4, 1993||Vice President||De jure, Rutskoy was Acting President, during the 1993 constitutional crisis|
after Boris Yeltsin's removal from office by Supreme Soviet.
At the same time, Yeltsin continued to serve as President.
April 9, 1938 – November 3, 2010 (aged 72)
|Our Home – Russia||November 5, 1996||November 6, 1996||Prime Minister||Acting President during President Yeltsin's heart surgery.|
October 7, 1952
|Unity||December 31, 1999||May 7, 2000||Prime Minister||Became acting president when President Yeltsin resigned.|
- "Chernomyrdin, Viktor Stepanovich". Archontology.org. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008.
- Bohlen, Celestine (January 1, 2000). "Yeltsin Resigns: The Overview; Yeltsin Resigns, Naming Putin as Acting President To Run in March Election". New York Times.
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