Acting President of Russia
The Acting President of the Russian Federation (Russian: Исполняющий обязанности Президента Российской Федерации) is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Russia. The Acting President is a person who fulfills the duties of President of the Russian Federation when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. This post is held by the Prime Minister of Russia.
Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin assumed the role of Acting President when President Boris Yeltsin underwent heart surgery. Chernomyrdin served for one day, from 5 November to 6 November 1996. No major event occurred during that time.
During the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, Vice President Alexander Rutskoy was named by Parliament as the Acting President when the legislature announced Yeltsin's removal from office. On 21 September 1993 at 12:22 a.m., Rutskoy assumed the powers of acting president of Russia. He took the presidential oath, stating, "I am taking the authority of President. The anti-constitutional decree of President Yeltsin is annulled."
Rutskoy's interim presidency, although constitutional, was never acknowledged outside of Russia. After the two-week standoff and the violence on the streets of Moscow, on 4 October 1993 the Parliament building was taken by Yeltsin's military forces. Rutskoy and his supporters were arrested and charged with organization of mass disturbances. On the same day, Yeltsin officially dismissed Rutskoy as vice president and fired him from the military forces.
|Portrait||Name||Affiliation||Term of office||Main post||Notes|
Born: September 16, 1947
|Non-partisan||September 22, 1993||October 4, 1993||Vice President||De jure, being acting President during the 1993 constitutional crisis, at the same time with Boris Yeltsin.|
April 9, 1938 — November 3, 2010 (aged 72)
|Our Home – Russia||November 5, 1996||November 6, 1996||Prime Minister||Acting President during heart surgery Boris Yeltsin.|
Born: October 7, 1952
|Unity||December 31, 1999||May 7, 2000||Prime Minister||Became acting president when Boris Yeltsin resigned early.|
Living former Acting Presidents
As of August 2017, live two former Acting Presidents. The most recent death of a Acting President was that of Viktor Chernomyrdin (1996) on November 3, 2010, aged 72. Images:
- "Chernomyrdin, Viktor Stepanovich". Archontology.org. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008.
- Bohlen, Celestine (January 1, 2000). "Yeltsin Resigns: The Overview; Yeltsin Resigns, Naming Putin as Acting President To Run in March Election". New York Times.