Activ Solar

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Activ Solar GmbH
Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung
Industry Photovoltaics
Founded 2008 (2008)
Headquarters Vienna, Austria
Area served
Key people
Kaveh Ertefai (CEO)[1]
Johann Harter (COO)[2]
Mykhailo Cherevko (Director, Ukraine subsidiary)
Products Polysilicon
Services Large-scale solar PV project development
Number of employees
1,400+ (2011; together with subsidiaries)
Subsidiaries Diamond Activ Solar GmbH
PJSC Semiconductor Plant
Activ Solar LLC (Ukraine)

Activ Solar GmbH, headquartered in Vienna, Austria is engaged in the production of polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon) for the solar PV industry and the development of large-scale photovoltaic power stations. The company is a member of the European Photovoltaic Industry Association.[3][4][5][6]

Activ Solar maintains offices in Vienna and Wiener Neustadt in Austria, and in Kiev, Zaporizhia, Simferopol and Odessa in Ukraine.[citation needed]


Polysilicon production[edit]

Activ Solar produces high-purity polysilicon at its subsidiary PJSC Semiconductor Plant, located in Zaporizhia, Ukraine.[7] The production of semiconductor materials at the original Zaporizhia Titan and Magnesium Plant dates back to 1935. The facility formed the foundation of PJSC Semiconductor Plant, which began production of semiconductor-grade polysilicon in 1964.[7] It was separated from the Zaporizhia Titan and Magnesium Plant in 2002.[8]

The plant historically was also the only manufacturer of high-purity trichlorosilane in the Soviet Union. After comprehensive refurbishment and modernization, PJSC Semiconductor Plant reached an annual capacity of 2,500 metric tons of polysilicon and 27,000 metric tons of trichlorosilane (HCl3Si). The facility produces ~20 metric tons per annum of monocrystalline silicon using legacy equipment with a plan to expand to ~400 metric tons per annum. The factory also produces silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4), hydrogen, nitrogen and hydrochloric acid.[9]

Solar PV project development[edit]

Activ Solar develops, finances and realizes large-scale solar photovoltaic installations. As of November 2012, it has developed six[10] solar PV power stations with 313.35 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity on the Crimean Peninsula and Odessa region.

Rodnikovoye Solar Park (7,5 MW)

The company constructed Ukraine's first large-scale Photovoltaic power plant 7.5 MW Rodnikovoye Solar Park in February 2011. The power plant is built near the town of Rodnikovoye, about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from Simferopol, the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The total number of solar modules installed reach about 33,800 on a total surface area of approximately 15 hectares (37 acres).[11][12]

In October 2011, Activ Solar commissioned one of the world's largest solar power stations, the 80 MW Okhotnykovo Solar Park. Installation consisting of approximately 360,000 ground-mounted PV-modules and spanning over 160 hectares (400 acres) generates 100 GWh of electricity per year enough to meet the energy needs of about 20,000 households.[13][14][15][16]

Perovo Solar Park (105,56 MW)
Mityaevo Solar Park (31,55 MW)

In December 2011, Activ Solar has completed its third ground-breaking project, the 105.56 MW Perovo Solar Park, amongst the largest in the world. Built in record-setting time, Perovo's more than 440,000 crystalline solar PV modules can produce as much as 132.5 GWh) of electricity per year, enough to meet the needs of Simferopol. More than 105,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions will be avoided.[17][18][19]

In April 2012, Activ Solar finished work on its fourth large-scale project completed to date, 31.55 MW station located in the village of Mityaevo in Crimea. The ground-mounted power station houses over 134,000 polycrystalline modules, installed in double rows and connected by over 440 kilometres (270 mi) of cable, and generates approximately 40 GWh of electricity per annum enough to supply 8,000 households.[20]

In July 2012, Activ Solar completed 42.95 MW Starkozache power, the first photovoltaic project completed by Activ Solar in Odessa Oblast. The Starokozache Power Station is installed over a surface of 80 hectares (200 acres) and consists of 185,952 multi-crystalline solar modules and 41 inverters. The solar plant will generate 54.106 GWh of electricity per annum, enough to supply approximately 11,000 households and saves up to 44,000 tons of CO2 emissions per year.[21][22]

Dunayskaya Solar Park (43,14 MW)
Activ Solar’s “Have a sunny day!” sign on Dunayskaya SPP

In November 2012, Activ Solar completed the second and final phase of its sixth large-scale solar installation—43.14 MW Dunayskaya Solar Power Station in Odessa Oblast. Located in the southern part of Odessa Oblast, the solar power plant comprises 182,380 multicrystalline photovoltaic modules, 40 inverter stations and around 645 kilometres (401 mi) of cable.[23]

In February 2013, Activ Solar announced the start of commissioning of the 29.3 MW Voznesensk Solar Power Station in Mykolaiv region.[24] Voznesensk Solar Power Station consists of 121,176 multicrystalline solar modules and 27 inverter stations installed on a four-row mounting system. The power station's electricity production capacity totals 35,000 megawatt hours per annum and will save over 28,000 tons of CO2 per annum.

Lymanske Solar Park (43.4 MW)

In April 2013, Activ Solar announced the commissioning of the 43.4 MW Lymanske Solar Power Plant in the south-western part of Odessa Oblast.[25] It comprises 181.192 multicrystalline, installed in one row and connected by over 41 inverter stations. The solar plant will generate 59.415 GWh of electricity per annum and will save up to 46.179 tons of CO2 emissions per year.[26]

On 1 April 2014, Activ Solar stopped operations of its solar power plants in Crimea due to unclear legal situation after annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. While Ukrainian authorities stopped paying feed-in tariff for Crimean solar plants, Crimean and Russian authorities also refused to pay it.[27]

Research and development[edit]

Activ Solar and Diamond Aircraft Industries exhibited a prototype aircraft wing with embedded solar panels at the Paris Air Show 2011 Le Bourget

Activ Solar owns a research and development joint-venture with Diamond Aircraft Industries with an aim to develop products and applications for the photovoltaic industry.[7] Diamond Activ Solar exhibited a solar aircraft wing at the Paris Air Show 2011 Le Bourget.[28]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

In February 2011, Rodnikovoye Solar Park has been recognized as one of the winners for the “Best Project in the Field of Renewable Energy” by Top-100.[29] Energy Efficiency Award 2011, organized and conducted by the State Agency on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine (SAEE).

In December 2011, 82.65 MWp Ohotnikovo Solar Power Station has been recognized as the "Best project in the field of Renewable Energy" by Green Awards Ukraine,[30] contest where the jury is presented by the leading experts in the field of environmental technologies and practices of the European level, public opinion leaders and representatives of influential international organizations and institutions.


According to the company register, Activ Solar is formally 100% owned by Liechtenstein-registered P&A Corporate Trust.[7][31] According to Ukrainska Pravda, Ukrainian opposition media, and its affiliated economic newsletter Ekonomichna Pravda, according to a British register, P&A Corporate Trust owns British firm Blythe (Europe) Ltd, which owns 35% of company Tantalit which is the nominal owner of the residence of President Viktor Yanukovych at Mezhyhirya.[32]

According to other Ukrainian sources, Activ Solar is controlled by Ukraine's former first deputy prime minister Andriy Klyuyev and his brother Serhiy Klyuyev.[8][33][34][35][36][1] CEO of Activ Solar, Kaveh Ertefai, is Serhiy Klyuyev's son-in-law.[32][34][1] Bogdan Klyuyev, son of Andriy Klyuyev, is a business developer manager of Activ Solar LLC (Ukraine).[37][38][39] According to Kyiv Post, Klyuyev's companies are registered at the same building where Activ Solar has its representative office in Ukraine.[34]

According to the report by Ukrayinska Pravda, Solar Activ was founded by Slav Beteiligung GmbH, owned by Slav AG, investment firm of by brothers Kluyevs. In late 2008, the ownership was transferred to Kaveh Ertefay. In July 2009, ownership was transferred to P&A Corporate Trust.[37]

According to the company, shareholders of the company are European institutional and private investors. According to Johann Harter (COO), all shareholders are Austrian institutional and private investors and there is no Ukrainian private investors or companies associated with the Ukraine among the shareholders.[2] According to Kave Ertefay (CEO), 50% of the shares belongs to investors from Austria and the rest of the EU.[1] Interfax-Ukraina agency has reported that controlling stake in Activ Solar belongs to Christian Dries, the owner of Diamond Aircraft Industries, and the rest is owned by the management of the company.[40]


In August 2014 Dr. Johann Harter, COO of Activ Solar gave the two lectures on BIPV and electricity storage in The Summer School of National Technical University of Ukraine "KPI".[41][42]


  1. ^ a b c d Diethelm, Verena (2011-09-22). "Grüner Tarif lockt Investoren auf die Krim" [Green tariff attracts investors to the Crimea]. Der Standard (in German). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  2. ^ a b Goshovskiy, Igor. Йоган Хартер: Солнце - тоже бизнес [Johann Harter: Sun - also a business]. Invest Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  3. ^ "EPIA Members' Directory". EPIA. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  4. ^ "Activ Solar wird Mitglied von EPIA" [Activ Solar is a member of EPIA] (in German). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  5. ^ "Activ Solar wird Mitglied von EPIA" [Activ Solar is a member of EPIA] (in German). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  6. ^ "Activ Solar wird Epia Mitglied" [Activ Solar will be member of EPIA] (in German). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Milliarden-Deal in der Ukraine" [Billion deal in Ukraine]. Wirtschaftsblatt (in German). 2011-05-05. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  8. ^ a b Андрей Клюев приобрел завод полупроводников [Andriy Klyuyev acquired semiconductor plant]. UkrRudProm (in Russian) (Solar Media Limited). 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  9. ^ "Johann Harter: We will construct one of the largest PV power stations in the world". Ukrainian Energy. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  10. ^ "Мощность солнечных парков Activ Solar превысила 300 МВт" [Activ Solar's power solar parks exceeded 300 MW]. UA Energy (in Russian). 2012-08-11. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  11. ^ "Ukrainian solar plant signals green power drive". Euronews. 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  12. ^ "Ukraine hopes solar power will cut its energy imports". UA Energy. 2012-06-27. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  13. ^ Choudhury, Nilima (2011-10-26). "Mission accomplished for Activ Solar: final phase of Ukraine solar plant completed". PV Tech (Solar Media Limited). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  14. ^ Whitmore, Chris (2011-08-09). "Activ Solar completes first phases of 80MW Ukrainian solar plant". PV Tech (Solar Media Limited). Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  15. ^ "Solar Power Plant In Ukraine". The Huffington Post (HPMG News). 2011-08-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  16. ^ "Activ Solar commissions 20 MW PV plant in Ukraine, largest in Eastern Europe". SolarServer (HPMG NewsHeindl Server GmbH). 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  17. ^ "Activ Solar Commissions 100-Plus MW Perovo Solar PV Station in Ukraine’s Crimea". Cleantechnica. 2011-12-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  18. ^ Whitmore, Chris (2012-01-03). "Perovo Solar Power Station, Ukraine". PV Tech (Solar Media Limited). Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  19. ^ "Large-Scale Photovoltaic Power Plants". Pvresources. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  20. ^ "Activ Solar Completes 31.55 MW Mityaevo Solar PV Power Station". EQ INTERNATIONAL. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  21. ^ "Activ Solar Completes Final Phase Of The Starokozache Solar Power Station, Odessa Region". EQ INTERNATIONAL. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  22. ^ "Activ Solar Completes 43 MW Solar Project In Ukraine". Solar Industry (Solar Media Limited). 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  23. ^ Osborne, Mark (2012-11-06). "Activ Solar completes 43MWp PV power plant in Ukraine". PV Tech (Solar Media Limited). Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  24. ^ "Activ Solar Starts Modules at Sun Power Plant in Ukraine". Bloomberg. 2013-02-27. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  25. ^ "Activ Solar installs 127.5MW of PV capacity in Q1 2013". PV Tech (Solar Media Limited). 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  26. ^ "PV PROJECT REFERENCES". Activ Solar official site. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  27. ^ "Activ Solar considers Aksionov's statement on its Crimean projects groundless". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 2014-05-15. (subscription required). Retrieved 2014-05-16. 
  28. ^ "Activ Solar и Diamond Aircraft Industries разработали прототип авиационного крыла со встроенными солнечными батареями" [Activ Solar and Diamond Aircraft Industries developed a prototype aircraft wing with embedded solar panels] (in Russian). Interfax-Ukraine. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  29. ^ В 2011 году на энергоэффективность запланировано почти 600 млн. грн. бюджетных средств. Урядовий портал (in Russian). 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  30. ^ Переможці 2011. GreenAwards-Ukraine (in Ukrainian). 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  31. ^ "ACTIV Solar GmbH in Wien" (in German). Firmen ABC. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  32. ^ a b "Сонячна імперія" Клюєва отримала додаткових 20 мегават [Klyuyev's "Solar Empire" received additional 20 MW]. Ekonomichna Pravda (in Ukrainian). 2011-11-03. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  33. ^ Onyshkiv, Yuriy (2011-05-20). "Klyuyev's solar energy companies shine brightly". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  34. ^ a b c Faryna, Oksana (2010-08-05). "Green energy struggles to grow". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  35. ^ Leshchenko, Sergey (2010-12-11). "Україна для людей": 370 мільйонів державної підтримки - для двох донецьких родин ["Ukraine for the People": 370 million of state support - for two families from Donetsk]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  36. ^ "NERC to issue solar power generation licenses to three Crimea Solar companies". Interfax-Ukraine. 2011-02-03. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  37. ^ a b Leshchenko, Sergey (2011-10-21). Офшорний дах для Януковича та Клюєва [Offshore roof for Yanukovych and Klyuyev]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  38. ^ "Activ Solar Completes First Large Ukrainian Solar Project" (PDF). Bloomberg. 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  39. ^ Gavrish, Oleg (2011-10-28). НКРЭ повысила "зеленые" тарифы на электроэнергию [NERC increased "green" electricity tariffs]. Kommersant Ukraina (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  40. ^ "Exclusive Christian Dries: I have a controlling stake in Activ Solar". Interfax-Ukraina. 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  41. ^ "Program Photovoltaics and Building Integrated Photovoltaics". Summer School. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  42. ^ "Schedule". Summer School. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 

External links[edit]