Activating transcription factor

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Activating transcription factor, ATF, is a group of bZIP transcription factors, which act as homodimers or heterodimers with a range of other bZIP factors.[1] First, they have been described as members of the CREB/ATF family,[2] whereas it turned out later that some of them might be more similar to AP-1-like factors such as c-Jun or c-Fos.[3] In general, ATFs are known to respond to extracellular signals and this suggests an important role that they have in maintaining homeostasis. Some of these ATFs, such as ATF3, ATF4, and ATF6 are known to play a role in stress responses.[4] Another example of ATF function would be ATFx that can suppress apoptosis.


Genes include ATF1, ATF2, ATF3, ATF4, ATF5, ATF6, ATF7, ATFx.


  1. ^ van Dam H, Castellazzi M (2001). "Distinct roles of Jun : Fos and Jun : ATF dimers in oncogenesis". Oncogene. 20 (19): 2453–64. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1204239. PMID 11402340.
  2. ^ Karin M1, Smeal T (1992). "Control of transcription factors by signal transduction pathways: the beginning of the end". Trends Biochem Sci. 17 (10): 418–22. doi:10.1016/0968-0004(92)90012-x. PMID 1455510.
  3. ^ "Classification of Human Transcription Factors (TFClass)". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ Hai, Tsonwin; Hartman, Matthew G. (2001-07-25). "The molecular biology and nomenclature of the activating transcription factor/cAMP responsive element binding family of transcription factors: activating transcription factor proteins and homeostasis". Gene. 273 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(01)00551-0. ISSN 0378-1119. PMID 11483355.
  5. ^ Green, M. R.; Persengiev, S. P. (2003-06-01). "The role of ATF/CREB family members in cell growth, survival and apoptosis". Apoptosis. 8 (3): 225–228. doi:10.1023/A:1023633704132. ISSN 1573-675X.

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