Mill Street in Acton
|Elevation||350 m (1,150 ft)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Forward sortation area||L7J|
|Area code(s)||519 / 226|
|Highways|| Highway 7
Former Highway 25
Acton was first named Danville when Settler Wheeler Green opened a dry-goods store in 1828. It was later called Adamsville, after three settlers from a family of that name. In 1846, the postmaster named the community after the area of Acton in West London, England.
Originally part of Esquesing Township, Acton was a station on the Grand Trunk Railway with a population of 700 by 1869. The principal trade was in grain, lumber, cordwood, leather and hops. Land averaged from $28 to $35 per acre.
Significance of tanning (1844-1986)
Tanning has been an important industry in Acton since 1844, when the first tannery was established, as the area was attractive to the leather industry because of the large numbers of trees. The tannery was subsequently purchased by Beardmore & Co. in 1865, and over time became the largest tanner in Canada. It was sold to Canada Packers in 1944, and continued in operation until its closure in September 1986.
Other specialty tanners were also established in the town. In the early 20th century, Acton was the main urban community of Esquesing Township, much larger than nearby Georgetown, Ontario which now has four times the population.
Because of the extensive tanning industry that was located in the area during the 19th Century and early 20th Century, the area has earned the nickname of Leathertown.
Actonite or Actonian
It is interesting to note in older books and papers of the area that not one, but two demonyms have existed for residents of the area at the same time. Actonite was used to identify people who moved to the area, and Actonian referred to people who grew up there. The first designation now predominates, due to the influx of new residents in the 1960s, but older residents still remember it.
Sports teams and clubs
- Halton Hills Minor Hockey (Halton Hills Thunder): The 2013-2014 season was the inaugural season of the amalgamation of the Georgetown Minor Hockey Association (Georgetown Raiders) and The Acton Minor Hockey Association (AMHA) (Acton Tanners). Before this amalgamation, Acton was an Ontario Minor Hockey Association (OMHA) BB centre. The newly amalgamated association is an Ontario Minor Hockey Association (OMHA) AA-AE centre.
- Acton Chargers Select Hockey and House League
- Acton Curling Club
- Acton Minor Ball
- Acton Skating Club member of Skate Canada-Learn to Skate, Powerskate, Figure Skate
- Acton Villa Soccer Club. Youth and adult soccer, indoor and outdoor
- Acton Aqua Ducks Swim Club, established in 1987
The town's location was chosen because of the good source of waterpower from the Black Creek, and the flour mill established at the beginning is still in operation today, although its source of power has changed. It is also near the watershed between the Credit River and the Grand River which is just west of the urban area, where the Blue Springs Creek begins. Acton also has Fairy Lake at Prospect Park,which is the fairgrounds for the Acton Fall Fair every September.
Bathymetric contours of Fairy Lake
|Location||Halton Hills, Ontario|
|Catchment area||20.31 km3 (4.87 cu mi)|
|Surface area||0.26 km2 (0.10 sq mi)|
|Average depth||1 m (3.3 ft)|
|Max. depth||7 m (23 ft)|
|Water volume||400,656 m3 (14,149,000 cu ft)|
|Surface elevation||347 m (1,138 ft)|
The Grand Trunk brought train service to the area in 1856, and its station was located at Mill Street East and Eastern Avenue next to the Beardmore leather warehouse (now known as the Olde Hide House). Canadian National closed the train station in 1967, but the stop continued to serve both Via Rail and GO Trains until the 1990s. GO Train service resumed on January 7, 2013.
From 1917 to 1931, Acton was also served by the Toronto Suburban Railway, which entered into a notable dispute over a crossing with a spur line of the Grand Trunk in the town, that went all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada for resolution.
Acton is covered by local newspapers and television through the following services:
- Acton Free Press
- The Acton New Tanner
- The Halton Compass
The Acton branch of the Halton Hills Public Library is located at 17 River Street was initially built as the community's centennial project, and was opened in 1967. It was significantly expanded in 2012.
|McKenzie-Smith Bennett School||Public elementary||JK–08|
|Robert Little Public School||Public elementary||JK–05|
|Acton District High School||Public secondary||09–12|
|St. Joseph Elementary School||Catholic elementary||JK–08|
|Population pyramid 2011|
|Canada census – Acton, Ontario community profile|
|Population:||9,704 (-4.6% from 2006)||10,172 (31.0% from 2001)|
|Land area:||16.14 km2 (6.23 sq mi)||16.14 km2 (6.23 sq mi)|
|Population density:||601.24/km2 (1,557.2/sq mi)||630.24/km2 (1,632.3/sq mi)|
|Median age:||38.9 (M: 38.6, F: 39.2)|
|Total private dwellings:||3,645||3,218|
|Median household income:|
|Notes: Urban Area Profile, Statistics Canada – References: 2011 2006|
||This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (December 2016)|
- Judy Fong Bates - author and teacher
- Donald Mann - industrialist
- Jeff McEnery - comic
- Art Moore - Stanley Cup winner with the Ottawa Silver Seven
- Jamie Taras - former professional Canadian football player
- Lar deSouza - artist (Least I Could Do, Looking for Group)
- Roz Weston - television personality
|Acton Town Hall|
|Address||19 Willow St|
|Town or city||Acton|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||James, Mallory and Mallory of Toronto, Ontario|
|Main contractor||W.M. McCulla of Brampton, Ontario|
- Acton Archived June 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. at Geographical Names of Canada
- McEvoy, H., ed. (1869). The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. Toronto: Robertson & Cook. p. 18.
- "Acton Historical Plaque". Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "The First Council of the Town of Acton - 1950". The Acton Free Press. 1950-01-12. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
- "History of Acton". Hide House. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- "Business and History - Beardmore & Co., Limited". Western Libraries, University of Western Ontario. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- "Special Commemorative Pullout Section - Marking the 20th anniversary of Beardmore closing" (PDF). The New Tanner. 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
- "Company History". Superior Glove Works Ltd. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- "Acton Agricultural Society". Retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Town of Halton Hills - Fairy Lake Water Quality Study
- "Grand Trunk Railroad Station". Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "GO station to be built in Acton". Guelph Mercury. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
- "Metrolinx fulfills its commitment to bring GO Trains to Acton" (Press release). Metrolinx. 2012-07-26. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- "It's a GO for Acton Jan. 7". Independent Free Press. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- "Toronto Suburban Railway - Guelph Radial Line". Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- Acton Tanning Co. v. Toronto Suburban Rway. Co., 56 S.C.R. 196, Date: 1918-03-05[permanent dead link]
- "Halton Hills Public Library - Acton Branch - Virtual Tour". Retrieved 2012-05-29.
- "McKenzie-Smith Bennett School". Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "Robert Little Public School". Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "St. Joseph (Acton) Elementary School". Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
- "Acton Town Hall". Retrieved 2012-02-22.
- Dills, G. Arlof; Moore, H.P.; Dills, David R. (1939). Acton's Early Days (2006 ed.). Acton, ON: Dills Printing and Publishing Company. ISBN 0-9735463-0-1. OL 16869774M. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- Rowe, J. Mark B. (2002). Acton : the history of Leathertown. Erin, ON: Boston Mills Press for the Esquesing Historical Society. ISBN 1-55046-379-9. OL 3769922M. Retrieved 2012-08-29.