Acts 13

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Acts 13
Codex laudianus.jpg
Acts 15:22–24 in Latin (left column) and Greek (right column) in Codex Laudianus, written about AD 550.
BookActs of the Apostles
CategoryChurch history
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part5

Acts 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the first missionary journey of Paul and Barnabas to Cyprus and Pisidia. The book containing this chapter is anonymous but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this book as well as the Gospel of Luke.[1]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 52 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament references[edit]

New Testament references[edit]

Locations[edit]

This chapter mentions the following places (in order of appearance):

Timeline[edit]

The first missionary journey of Paul and Barnabas took place about AD 47–48.[4]

Verse 1[edit]

Map of Antiochia in Roman and early Byzantine times
Now in the church that was at Antioch there were certain prophets and teachers:
Barnabas,
Simeon who was called Niger,
Lucius of Cyrene,
Manaen who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and
Saul.[5]

This Lucius of Cyrene is thought to be the same person as mentioned in Romans 16:21, or the same as Luke, the writer of the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles.[6]

Verse 2[edit]

As they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, "Now separate to Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."[7]

Verse 4[edit]

Remaining column plinths of possibly the main/harbour street at Seleucia, where Barnabas and Paul started their journey to Cyprus.
So, being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went down to Seleucia, and from there they sailed to Cyprus.[8]

Verse 6[edit]

Now when they had gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew whose name was Bar-Jesus,[9]

Verse 7[edit]

who was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, an intelligent man. This man called for Barnabas and Saul and sought to hear the word of God.[10]

Verse 8[edit]

But Elymas the sorcerer (for so his name is translated) withstood them, seeking to turn the proconsul away from the faith.[11]

Verse 12[edit]

Then the proconsul believed, when he saw what had been done, being astonished at the teaching of the Lord.[12]

Luke presents Sergius Paulus as the first Gentile ruler to believe the gospel. Unlike Cornelius (Acts 10:2), there is no evidence that Sergius attended the temple or was a God-fearer. This pagan government official was amazed at the power of God and believed the truth.[13]

Verse 13[edit]

Ruins of the main street in Perga, capital of Pamphylia, where Paul and his party arrived after sailing from Paphos, Cyprus.
Now when Paul and his party set sail from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia; and John, departing from them, returned to Jerusalem.[14]

This John, also mentioned in verse 5, was John Mark, the nephew of Barnabas (Acts 12:25). Whatever the trouble was between Paul and John Mark, it was enough for Paul not to want John Mark to accompany him on a later journey (Acts 15:36–39). John Mark would prove faithful later in Paul's ministry (see 2 Timothy 4:11).[13]

Verse 33[edit]

God has fulfilled this for us their children, in that He has raised up Jesus. As it is also written in the second Psalm:
‘You are My Son,
Today I have begotten You.’[15]

Citing Psalm 2:7, which is also quoted and used for exposition in Hebrews 1:5; 5:5.[3]

Verse 34[edit]

And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead,
now no more to return to corruption,
he said on this wise,
I will give you the sure mercies of David.[16]

Citing Isaiah 55:3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  2. ^ Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 839.
  3. ^ a b c d Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 838.
  4. ^ John Arthur Thomas Robinson (1919–1983). "Redating the New Testament". Westminster Press, 1976. 369 pages. ISBN 978-1-57910-527-3
  5. ^ Acts 13:1 NKJV
  6. ^ Isaac Asimov. Asimov's Guide to the Bible. The New Testament. New York: Doubleday. 1969.
  7. ^ Acts 13:2 NKJV
  8. ^ Acts 13:4 NKJV
  9. ^ Acts 13:6 NKJV
  10. ^ Acts 13:7 NKJV
  11. ^ Acts 13:8 NKJV
  12. ^ Acts 13:12 NKJV
  13. ^ a b The Nelson Study Bible. Thomas Nelson, Inc. 1997
  14. ^ Acts 13:13 NKJV
  15. ^ Acts 13:33 NKJV
  16. ^ Acts 13:34 KJV

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]