Greek text of Acts 2:11-22 in Uncial 076, written in 5th/6th century.
|Book||Acts of the Apostles|
|Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||5|
Acts 2 is the second chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the events on the day of Pentecost, about 10 days after the ascension of Jesus Christ. The book containing this chapter is anonymous but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this book as well as the Gospel of Luke.
- Papyrus 91 (3rd century; extant: verses 30-37; 46-47)
- Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (AD 330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. AD 400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (c. AD 400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. AD 450)
- Codex Laudianus (c. AD 550)
This chapter can be grouped:
- Acts 2:1-4 = The Coming of the Holy Spirit
- Acts 2:5-13 = The Crowd’s Response
- Acts 2:14-39 = Peter’s First Sermon
- Acts 2:40-47 = A Vital Church Grows
Coming of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost
The biblical narrative of Pentecost is given in the second chapter of the Book of Acts. Present were about one hundred and twenty followers of Christ (Acts 1:15), including the Twelve Apostles (i.e. the eleven faithful disciples and Matthias who had replaced Judas Iscariot), his mother Mary, various other women disciples and his brothers (Acts 1:14). Their reception of the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room and their empowerment to speak in tongues are recounted in Acts 2:1–6:
|“||And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability.
Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem. And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each.
While those on whom the Spirit had descended were speaking in many languages, the Apostle Peter stood up with the eleven and proclaimed to the crowd that this event was the fulfillment of the prophecy of Joel: " . . . I will pour out my Spirit . . .". In Acts 2:17, it reads: "'And in the last days it shall be, God declares, / that I will pour out my Spirit on all fresh, / and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, / and your young men shall see visions, / and your old men shall dream dreams" Peter also mentions (2:15) that it was the third hour of the day (about 9:00 AM). Acts 2:41 then reports: "So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls."
Location of the First Pentecost
Traditional interpretation holds that the Descent of the Holy Spirit took place in the Upper Room, or Cenacle, on the day of Pentecost (Shavuot). The Upper Room was first mentioned in Luke 22:12-13. This Upper Room was to be the location of the Last Supper and the institution of Holy Communion. The next mention of an "upper room" is in Acts 1:13-14, the continuation of the Luke narrative, authored by the same biblical writer.
A Description of the First Church
Acts 2:44-47 contains a description of the earliest church, giving a practical view of how the church members acted. The verse covers several aspects of life:
- The believers had everything in common
- They sold property and possessions so as to give to anyone who was in need
- They met together in the temple courts each day
- They ate together in each other's homes
While not all commentators see this as a command to share property and possessions, throughout the ages various groups of Christians have attempted to model this way of life. This can be seen in most monastic orders, some Anabaptist churches such as the Hutterites, and more recently in intentional communities such as the Bruderhof and the Simple Way.
- Simon Peter
- Other related Bible parts: Psalm 16, Psalm 110, Joel 2, Matthew 22, Mark 12, Luke 20, Acts 1, Acts 3, Acts 9, Acts 10, 1 Corinthians 15, Ephesians 2, Hebrews 1
- Zwijndrechtse nieuwlichters, a 19th-century Protestant sect which adopted an Acts 2-derived lifestyle
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Acts 1:26
- Acts 2:1–4
- Acts 2:1-6, New Revised Standard Version
- "Joel 2:28–29". Biblegateway.com. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- English Standard Version
- "English Standard Version,' 'Acts 2:41". Biblegateway.com. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
- Bargil Pixner, The Church of the Apostles found on Mount Zion, Biblical Archaeology Review 16.3 May/June 1990 
- "Luke 22:12–13, English Standard Version". Biblegateway.com. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Acts 1:13–14". Biblegateway.com. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
- Coalition, TGC - The Gospel. "Does the Book of Acts Command Socialism?". TGC - The Gospel Coalition. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
- "Learning from the Bruderhof: An Intentional Christian Community". ChristLife. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
- "About". the simple way. Retrieved 2017-06-02.