Acts 8

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Acts 8
P050-Act-8 26-32-IV-V.jpg
Acts 8:26–32 in Papyrus 50, written in 3rd century.
BookActs of the Apostles
CategoryChurch history
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part5

Acts 8 is the eighth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the burial of Stephen, the beginnings of Christian persecution, and the spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the people of Samaria and Ethiopia. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this book as well as the Gospel of Luke.[1]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 40 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament references[edit]

New Testament references[edit]

Locations[edit]

Places mentioned in this chapter (with Jerusalem as reference)

This chapter mentions the following places:

Saul's Approval of Stephen's Death[edit]

The writer of Acts introduced Saul, later the Apostle Paul, as an active witness of Stephen's death in Acts 7:58, and confirmed his approval in Acts 8:1. Reuben Torrey, in his Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, wrote "This clause [i.e. verse 8:1] evidently belongs to the conclusion of the previous chapter".[2]

Verse 16[edit]

For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.[3]

Verse 37[edit]

Then Philip said, “If you believe with all your heart, you may.”
And he answered and said, “I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.”[4]

This verse is absent from the majority of the Greek manuscripts, but it is present in some, including E (6th or 7th century). It is cited by Irenaeus (c. 180) [5] and by Cyprian (c. 250),[6] and is found in the Old Latin (2nd/3rd century) and the Vulgate (380–400) translations. In his notes Erasmus says that he took this reading from the margin of 4ap and incorporated it into the Textus Receptus.[7] J. A. Alexander (1857) suggested that this verse, though genuine, was omitted by many scribes, "as unfriendly to the practice of delaying baptism, which had become common, if not prevalent, before the end of the 3rd century."[8]

Acts 8:38 on Codex Angelicus (Uncial 020) from the 9th century.

Verse 40[edit]

But Philip was found at Azotus.
And passing through, he preached in all the cities till he came to Caesarea.[9]
  • "Philip was found" — that is, "found himself," "made his appearance": an expression confirming the miraculous manner of his transportation.[10]
  • "Azotus": the ancient Ashdod.[10]
  • "till he came to Cæsarea" — fifty-five miles northwest of Jerusalem, on the Mediterranean, just south of Mount Carmel; and so named by Herod, who rebuilt it, in honor of Cæsar Augustus.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  2. ^ Treasury of Scripture Knowledge on Acts 8:1, accessed 8 December 2016
  3. ^ Acts 8:16
  4. ^ Acts 8:37
  5. ^ Citation on this verse by Irenaeus (c. AD 180): "[Philip declared] that this was Jesus, and that the Scripture was fulfilled in Him; as did also the believing eunuch himself: and, immediately requesting to be baptized, he said, "I believe Jesus Christ to be the Son of God." This man was also sent into the regions of Ethiopia, to preach what he had himself believed, that there was one God preached by the prophets, but that the Son of this [God] had already made [His] appearance in human nature (secundum hominem)" (Irenaeus (AD 140–200). Against Heresies. Book III).
  6. ^ Citation by Cyprian: "For although in the Acts of the Apostles the eunuch is described as at once baptized by Philip, because "he believed with his whole heart," this is not a fair parallel. For he was a Jew, and as he came from the temple of the Lord he was reading the prophet Isaiah," (Cyprian (200–258). The Life and Passion of Cyprian, Bishop and Martyr. paragraph 3)
  7. ^ Edward F. Hills (1912–1981), "The King James Version Defended: A Christian View of the New Testament Manuscripts" (1956). Chapter 8, The Christian Research Press; 4th edition (August 1997) ISBN 0915923009 ISBN 978-0915923007
  8. ^ The Acts Of The Apostles, by J. A. Alexander, New York: Scribner, 1967, vol. 1, pp. 349–350.
  9. ^ Acts 8:40
  10. ^ a b c Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

External links[edit]