Adela of Champagne
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|Adela of Champagne|
Adela with Louis VII and Philip II
|Queen consort of Franks|
|Died||4 June 1206 (aged 65–66)|
Louis VII of France
(m. 1160; died 1180)
|Issue||Philip II of France|
Agnes, Byzantine Empress
|Father||Theobald II, Count of Champagne|
|Mother||Matilda of Carinthia|
Adela of Champagne (French: Adèle; c. 1140 – 4 June 1206), also known as Adelaide, Alix and Adela of Blois, was Queen of France as the third wife of Louis VII. She was the third child and first daughter of Theobald II, Count of Champagne, and Matilda of Carinthia children and had nine brothers and sisters. She was named after her grandmother, Adela of Normandy. She was regent of France in the absence of her son in 1190.
When King Louis’ second wife, Constance of Castile, died in childbirth in 1160, King Louis was in search of another wife to bear him a son as he had no male heir as of yet. Five weeks later on November 13, 1160 Adela of Champagne at the age of fifteen became King Louis’ third wife. Adela went on to give birth to Louis VII’s only male heir, Philip II of France and to the Byzantine empress Agnes.
The marriage between Adela and Louis VII served as a peace treaty between one of King Louis’ most rebellious vassals, Theobald II of Champagne who was an incredibly powerful feudal lord of France. The marriage was a way to ensure peace between the crown and Theobald. Four years after their marriage, Adela's coronation was held.
Five years into their marriage and a year after her coronation, Adela gave birth to the only son Louis ever had, Philip Augustus, also called Philip “Dieu-Donne” or “God-given” because his birth was long awaited to be Louis' successor to an empire that had had a long unbroken lineage of undisputed male successors to the French throne. Philip’s birth meant the continuing rule of Capetian monarchs in France.
Adela was active in the political life of the kingdom, along with her brothers Henry I, Theobald V, and William of the White Hands. Henry and Theobald were married to daughters of Louis VII and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Adela and her brothers kept their political power base after the succession of her son to the throne in September 1180.
Adela was the third of ten children and many of her siblings were quite notable. Four of her sisters were married to powerful leaders across Europe. One of her sisters was a nun at Fontevrault. Adela's oldest brother, Henry I, took on the family holdings at his father's passing. This was surprising at the time because the family had other more prosperous holdings that were much more developed. But it was during Henry I's rule that Champagne earned a high place as one of the richest and strongest French principalities.
Adela's older brother, Theobald V inherited the holding of Blois from his late father. He married Sybil of Chateaurenault and when she passed, by right of his wife, he was Lord of Chateaurenault. He then married Adela's stepdaughter. He was responsible for leading the first blood libel which resulted in 30-31 Jews being burned at the stake. Her younger brother, William of the White Hands, was a French cardinal. He was the Bishop of Chartres, Archbishop of Sens and Reims. He was also the first Peer of France to carry that title. He made Adela's son, Philip II of France as co-king in 1179 in Rheims The youngest brother of Adela's was Stephen I, Count of Sancerre, which of the holdings that befell the sons at their father's death was the smallest.
Adela and her brothers felt their position threatened when the heiress of Artois, Isabella of Hainault, married Adela's son Philip in April 1180. Adela formed an alliance with Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy, and Philip of Flanders, and even tried to interest Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. War broke out in 1181, and relations became so bad that Philip attempted to divorce Isabella in 1184.
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|8. Theobald III, Count of Blois|
|4. Stephen II, Count of Blois|
|9. Gersende of Maine|
|2. Theobald II, Count of Champagne|
|10. William the Conqueror|
|5. Adela of Normandy|
|11. Matilda of Flanders|
|1. Adèle of Champagne|
|12. Egelbert I of Sponheim|
|6. Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia|
|13. Hedwig of Eppenstein|
|3. Matilda of Carinthia|
|14. Ulrich I, Count of Passau|
|7. Utta of Passau|
|15. Adelaide of Frontenhausen|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adèle of Champagne.|
- Garland, Lynda. Byzantine empresses: women and power in Byzantium, AD 527–1204. London, Routledge, 1999.
- "Adele of Champagne (1145–1206)". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- Women's Biography: Alix/Adela of Champagne, queen of France
- Abbot Hugh: An Overlooked Brother of Henry I, Count of Champagne, Ruth Harwood Cline, The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 93, No. 3 (Jul., 2007), 501-502.
Constance of Castile
| Queen of France
Isabella of Hainault