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Adıyaman

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Adıyaman
Atatürk Boulevard in Adiyaman
Atatürk Boulevard in Adiyaman
Adıyaman is located in Turkey
Adıyaman
Adıyaman
Coordinates: 37°45′50″N 38°16′40″E / 37.76389°N 38.27778°E / 37.76389; 38.27778Coordinates: 37°45′50″N 38°16′40″E / 37.76389°N 38.27778°E / 37.76389; 38.27778
Country Turkey
ProvinceAdıyaman
Government
 • MayorSüleyman Kılınç (AKP)
Area
 • District1,679.21 km2 (648.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
217,463
 • District
273,820
 • District density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Websitewww.adiyaman.bel.tr

Adıyaman (Kurdish: Semsûr[3][4]) is a city in southeastern Turkey, and the capital of the Adıyaman Province. Its inhabitants are mostly Kurdish.[5][6][7]

Etymology

An unverified theory[8] is that the former name of the city Hisn-Mansur derives from the name of the Umayyad Emir Mansur ben Djawana who was killed by Al-Mansur in 758.[9] Because of the difficulty among the local Kurds in pronouncing Hisn-Mansur, the corruption Semsûr emerged.[10][11]

The name of the city was changed to Adıyaman in the Republican era, meaning "egregious name" in Turkish. Various unverifiable theories exist for the name.[10]

Ruins of Perre
Yenipinar Mosque

Places of interest

Mount Nemrut

There is some passing tourist trade, the main tourist attraction being Mount Nemrut.

  • The caves of Pirin (ancient city of Perre) are 5 km (3 mi). from Adiyaman. These have been used as a burial ground for thousands of years. The sights include the ruins of the city and burial caves carved into the rock.
  • The only active church in Adiyaman Province is located here, where it is the center of the Syriac Orthodox patriarchal vicarate of Adiyaman.[12][13] It was renovated and reopened in 2012.[14]

Climate

Adıyaman has a hot summer Mediterranean climate (Csa) under both the Köppen classification, and a dry-hot summer subtropical climate (Csa) under the Trewartha classification, with some continental characteristics. Summers are very hot and very dry. Temperatures often reach 40 °C (104 °F) at the height of summer. The highest recorded temperature was 45.3 °C (113.5 °F) on 30 July 2000. Winters in Adıyaman are cool to cold with heavy precipitation. Due to its inland location and relatively high altitude, frost and snow are common. The lowest recorded temperature was −14.4 °C (6.1 °F) on 24 January 1972.

Climate data for Adıyaman (1991–2020, extremes 1963–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
23.8
(74.8)
28.3
(82.9)
34.5
(94.1)
39.0
(102.2)
41.5
(106.7)
45.3
(113.5)
44.5
(112.1)
42.2
(108.0)
36.1
(97.0)
29.4
(84.9)
26.5
(79.7)
45.3
(113.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
10.9
(51.6)
15.7
(60.3)
21.1
(70.0)
27.4
(81.3)
34.1
(93.4)
38.7
(101.7)
38.6
(101.5)
33.6
(92.5)
26.3
(79.3)
17.4
(63.3)
11.1
(52.0)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
6.2
(43.2)
10.4
(50.7)
15.3
(59.5)
20.9
(69.6)
27.1
(80.8)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
26.2
(79.2)
19.7
(67.5)
11.9
(53.4)
6.8
(44.2)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.5
(36.5)
5.9
(42.6)
10.0
(50.0)
14.7
(58.5)
20.1
(68.2)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
19.4
(66.9)
14.2
(57.6)
7.6
(45.7)
3.6
(38.5)
12.3
(54.1)
Record low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−10.0
(14.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
3.4
(38.1)
10.6
(51.1)
15.0
(59.0)
15.8
(60.4)
9.6
(49.3)
2.2
(36.0)
−3.5
(25.7)
−8.4
(16.9)
−14.4
(6.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 140.5
(5.53)
107.1
(4.22)
87.3
(3.44)
61.7
(2.43)
45.2
(1.78)
9.4
(0.37)
1.9
(0.07)
2.5
(0.10)
9.2
(0.36)
48.6
(1.91)
74.1
(2.92)
142.0
(5.59)
729.5
(28.72)
Average precipitation days 12.63 11.97 11.80 11.67 9.27 3.33 1.00 0.93 2.03 7.10 8.67 11.47 91.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 111.6 124.3 170.5 213.0 269.7 324.0 347.2 322.4 264.0 204.6 150.0 102.3 2,603.6
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.6 4.4 5.5 7.1 8.7 10.8 11.2 10.4 8.8 6.6 5.0 3.3 7.1
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[15]

Neighbourhoods

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Ofra Bengio (2014). Kurdish Awakening: Nation Building in a Fragmented Homeland. p. 136.
  4. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 56. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  5. ^ Polat, Müslüm; Türkan, Yavuz (2012). "Osmanlıdan Günümüze Kürtlerde Ekonomik Hayat". Kimlik, Kültür ve Değişim Sürecinde Osmanlı’dan Günümüze Kürtler Uluslararası Sempozyum. Bingöl University: 307.
  6. ^ Rahman Dag (2019). "Adıyaman siyasal davranış haritası". International Journal of Economics & Administrative Studies (in Turkish). International Journal of Economic and Administrative Studies: 11. ISSN 1307-9832. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ Balcı, Ali; Efe, Ibrahim (2014). "The 2014 elections: Reflections on the Kurdish question" (PDF). Sakarya University. SETA. p. 14. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  8. ^ Sinclair, Thomas T. (July 2008). "Adıyaman". Encyclopedia of Islam, Third Edition.
  9. ^ Taeschner, Franz (24 April 2012). "Adiyaman". Encyclopedia of Islam, Second Edition.
  10. ^ a b Han, Suna (2001). "Adıyaman Tarihi ve Kültürü" (PDF). Near East University Science Literature Faculty. Nicosia: Near East University: 1.
  11. ^ Çiftçi, Tekin (2019). "Adıyaman ve Çevresinde Halk İnançları ve Halk Hekimliği (Baweriyên Gelêrî û Dermanê Kurmancî Li Herêma Semsûrê)". Dicle University Institute of Social Sciences (in Turkish). Dicle University: 42.
  12. ^ "Mor Malki Ürek". soc-wus.org. Archived from the original on 24 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  13. ^ location of building-37.757316, 38.273478
  14. ^ "Mor Petrus-Mor Paulus Kilise'si restore edilerek ibadete açıldı! - 10-12-2012". emlakkulisi.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Mevism Normalleri (1991–2020)" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 26 June 2021.