Adair, Oklahoma

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Adair, Oklahoma
Town
A farm in Adair, Oklahoma
A farm in Adair, Oklahoma
Location of Adair, Oklahoma
Location of Adair, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°26′13″N 95°15′45″W / 36.43694°N 95.26250°W / 36.43694; -95.26250Coordinates: 36°26′13″N 95°15′45″W / 36.43694°N 95.26250°W / 36.43694; -95.26250
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Mayes
Area
 • Total 4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)
 • Land 4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 682 ft (208 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 790
 • Density 180/sq mi (68/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74330
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-00250[2]
GNIS feature ID 1089525[3]

Adair is a town in Mayes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 790 at the 2010 census, compared to 704 at the 2000 census.[4] Named for two prominent Cherokee brothers, the town was established in 1883. It opened a Cherokee school.[5]

History[edit]

Adair is named after two Cherokee brothers, William Penn Adair, a politician and jurist, and Dr. Walter Thompson Adair.[5] It was established on March 15, 1883, and incorporated in 1897.[5] William Penn Adair lived in the area off and on for 17 years beginning in the late 1860s.[6]

In the 1880s, a Cherokee school was started here. In 1907, shortly before statehood, the school began to admit white students.[5]

Dalton Gang Train Robbery[edit]

It was the most daring deed of the Dalton Gang to date, on July 14, 1892, eight members held up the Missouri-Kansas-Texas train at Adair, Indian Territory (IT).

As the train approached, four men approached the night operator at the station and ordered him to "flag down" the train. As the train pulled to a stand-still, two members of the gang boarded the engine while the others covered the conductor and train men. The station operator was taken to the express car, where he ordered the messenger inside to open up. When the messenger refused, the train's fireman was ordered to break open the door with his pick. Once inside, the bandits were quick to rifle the safe of its contents.

The gang did not know that a special detachment of eight railroad guards was on the train, in an effort to prevent such robberies. In command was J. J. Kinney, chief of railroad detectives, and Capt. J. H. LaFlore, chief of the Cherokee Nation police. Realizing the robbery was underway, the guards got off the train opposite the depot, and had a brief gun battle with some of the bandits on that side.

Finished on the train, the bandits made their get-away through the town. Doctors W. L. Goff and Youngblood were sitting on the porch of the drug store near the depot. Both men were hit several times by stray shots; Dr Goff was fatally wounded. Also wounded were captains Kinney and LaFlore, but they recovered.

The railroad and express company offered rewards of $5,000 "for the capture and conviction" for each bandit in the robbery.[7]

Geography[edit]

Adair lies 10 miles (16 km) north of Pryor, Oklahoma on U.S. Highway 69 in Mayes County, Oklahoma.[5] The city is in the northeastern portion of the state known as "Green Country"[8] and is not far from the borders of Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas. Adair's geographic coordinates are 36°26′13″N 95°15′45″W / 36.43694°N 95.26250°W / 36.43694; -95.26250 (36.436910, -95.262546)[9] with an elevation of 640 ft (200 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Churches[edit]

There are many churches in the greater Adair area. Within the town boundaries are Adair United Methodist Church, First Baptist Church of Adair, and Adair Christian Church.

Climate[edit]

Adair has more sunny days than the average U.S. city and a great deal less snowfall.[10] Late spring is the wettest time of the year for the city, while winter is the driest.

Climate data for Adair
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 47.0
(8.3)
52.5
(11.4)
61.0
(16.1)
71.8
(22.1)
79.1
(26.2)
87.0
(30.6)
93.0
(33.9)
93.3
(34.1)
85.0
(29.4)
74.9
(23.8)
60.4
(15.8)
50.4
(10.2)
71.3
(21.8)
Average low °F (°C) 24.6
(−4.1)
28.9
(−1.7)
36.3
(2.4)
47.4
(8.6)
56.4
(13.6)
65.1
(18.4)
69.4
(20.8)
68.0
(20)
59.7
(15.4)
48.0
(8.9)
36.2
(2.3)
27.9
(−2.3)
47.3
(8.5)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.0
(51)
2.0
(51)
3.1
(79)
4.2
(107)
5.2
(132)
5.2
(132)
3.1
(79)
3.3
(84)
4.6
(117)
3.8
(97)
3.2
(81)
2.2
(56)
41.9
(1,066)
Source: Weatherbase [11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900268
191037640.3%
1920369−1.9%
1930290−21.4%
194040740.3%
1950299−26.5%
196043445.2%
19704595.8%
198050810.7%
199068534.8%
20007042.8%
201079012.2%
Est. 2015819[12]3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the 2010 census, Adair had a population of 790.[1] The population density was 180 people per square mile (68/km²). The town's 315 housing units were dispersed at an average density of 70 per square mile (27/km²).[1] The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 72.4% white, 0.1% black or African American, 18.9% Native American, 0.6% reporting some other race and 8.0% reporting two or more races. 3.5% of the population was Hispanic or Latino.[14]

There were 272 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,250, and the median income for a family was $38,500. Males had a median income of $31,313 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,388. About 10.5% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Adair is served by the Adair Independent School District.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Pryor Daily Times. "Mayes County grows by 3,000. April 4, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2011.[1]
  5. ^ a b c d e Thomas, Betty Lou Harper. "Adair", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 6, 2010)
  6. ^ Moore, Cherrie Adair, "William Penn Adair" Chronicles of Oklahoma, vol. 29, p.35 (accessed June 1, 2010).
  7. ^ "The Dalton Gang Train Robbery at Adair, I.T." LASR. Retrieved 2018-03-01. 
  8. ^ Green Country
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Sperling's BestPlaces (accessed June 1, 2010)
  11. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Adair, Oklahoma". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ 2010 general profile of housing and population characteristics of Adair from the US Census

External links[edit]