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Adalram's dedication in the "Muspilli manuscript"[notes 1]

Adalram (died 836) was an early 8th-century prelate active in Bavaria. He is known to have been archdeacon of the Salzburg diocese c. 819, and in 821 succeeded Arno as Archbishop of Salzburg.[1] In 824, following the request of the emperor Louis the Pious, he received the pallium from Pope Eugenius II.[1]

As archbishop he continued the attempts to evangelize the Slavs of Upper Pannonia and Carantania, appointing Otto as under-bishop to the Slavs.[1] During his episcopate the church of Nitra in Pannonia (in what is now Slovakia) was dedicated at his instigation.[1] The ruler Pribina had recently taken a Bavarian Christian wife, and this church may have been for her use.[2] He is thought to have died on 4 January 836.[1]

He is associated with the production of many manuscripts, including Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 15817 which contains several works of St Augustine and the earliest surviving version of the Anonymous Life of St Cuthbert.[3] Another manuscript with Augustinian materials, Clm 14098, was presented by Adalram to the Louis the German, duke of Bavaria.[4]


  1. ^ Accipe summe puer parvus Hludowice libellus / Quem tibi devotus optulit en famulus / Scilicet indignus Iuvavensis pastor ovilis / Dictus Adarammus servulus ipsetuus ("Receive, o Hludowic, mighty young lad, the little book that [your] devoted household priest, behold, offers you; know that the unworthy shepherd of the Salzburg flock known as Adalram is your own lowly servant")


  1. ^ a b c d e Klein, "Adalram"
  2. ^ Fletcher, Barbarian Conversion, p. 348
  3. ^ Bullough, "Early-Ninth-Century Manuscript", p. 107
  4. ^ Clm 14098 is notable for containing the Muspilli fragments, one of only two surviving examples of Old High German epic poetry (the other being Hildebrandslied), written in the margins and on three blank pages, added at some later point in the 9th century, presumably at the royal court in Regensburg. Bostock, King, and McLintock, Handbook, pp. 135–36. Elisabeth Wunderle, Katalog der lateinischen Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München. Die Handschriften aus St. Emmeram in Regensburg, Bd. 1: Clm 14000-14130 (Catalogus codicum manu scriptorum Bibliothecae Monacensis IV,2,1), Wiesbaden 1995, 238–241.
  • Bostock, John Knight; King, Kenneth Charles; McLintock, D. R. (1976), A Handbook on Old High German Literature (2nd ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-815392-9 
  • Bullough, Donald C. (1998), "A Neglected Early-Ninth-Century Manuscript of the Lindisfarne Vita S. Cuthberti", Anglo-Saxon England, 27: 105–137, ISSN 0263-6751, doi:10.1017/S0263675100004828 
  • Fletcher, Richard (1997), The Barbarian Conversion: From Paganism to Christianity, Berkeley: University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-21859-0 
  • Klein, Herbert, s.v. "Adalram", in Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) volume 1 (Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1953), p. 49
Titles of Chalcedonian Christianity
Preceded by
Archbishop of Salzburg
Succeeded by