Adam Giles

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Adam Giles
MLA
Adam Giles Portrait 2015.jpg
10th Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
Elections: 2016
In office
14 March 2013 – 31 August 2016
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Dave Tollner (2013–14)
Peter Chandler (2014–15)
Willem Westra van Holthe (2015–2016)
Peter Styles (2016)
Preceded by Terry Mills
Succeeded by Michael Gunner
Administrator
Leader of the Country Liberal Party
In office
14 March 2013 – 2 September 2016
Deputy Dave Tollner (2013–14)
Peter Chandler (2014–15)
Willem Westra van Holthe (2015–2016)
Peter Styles (2016)
Preceded by Terry Mills
Succeeded by Gary Higgins
Member of the Northern Territory Parliament
for Braitling
In office
9 August 2008 – 27 August 2016
Preceded by Loraine Braham
Succeeded by Dale Wakefield
Personal details
Born Adam Graham Romer
(1973-04-10) 10 April 1973 (age 43)
Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia
Political party Country Liberal Party
Residence Alice Springs
Cabinet Giles Ministry

Adam Graham Giles (born 10 April 1973[1]) is an Australian former politician and former Chief Minister of the Northern Territory (2013-2016) as well as the former leader of the Country Liberal Party (CLP) in the unicameral Northern Territory Parliament. Giles was the first head of government in Australia to have Indigenous Australian ancestry.

Giles became a CLP member of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly seat of Braitling at the 2008 election. The Terry Mills-led CLP opposition defeated the Paul Henderson-led Labor government at the 2012 election, winning 16 of 25 seats. Giles was elected by the CLP party-room to replace Mills as Chief Minister and CLP leader less than a year later at the 2013 CLP leadership ballot. Giles was defeated at the 2015 CLP leadership ballot but managed to survive in the aftermath. Multiple defections saw the CLP reduced to minority government a few months later. At the 2016 election on 27 August, his government was heavily defeated by the Labor Party, suffering the worst defeat of a sitting government in Territory history. Giles also lost his seat of Braitling to Labor, becoming the second sitting head of government in the Northern Territory to lose his own seat.[2]

Early life and public service career[edit]

Giles was born Adam Graham Romer in the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney. His mother is Anglo-Saxon and his father was descended from the Kamilaroi people through Giles' grandmother. His grandmother discovered that she had indigenous ancestry during the 1980s, but has said she did not regard herself as Aboriginal.[3] When his parents split up, Adam's mother remarried, and he took his surname from his stepfather.[4]

Giles studied accounting and real estate after leaving Blaxland High School, working in property management before moving into public housing management for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC). He then moved to Canberra to work in the Australian Public Service as a social and economic policy advisor for the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet and Department of Employment and Workplace Relations,[5] and was the Liberal Party candidate for Fraser in the 2004 federal election.[6]

Parliament[edit]

As a member of the Northern Territory's Indigenous Economic Taskforce, Giles travelled and worked throughout the Territory before settling in Alice Springs.[7] There he stood as a CLP candidate for Lingiari at the 2007 federal election, losing to Labor incumbent Warren Snowdon.[8]

Following the retirement of Loraine Braham, the CLP-turned-independent member for the Alice Springs-based seat of Braitling, Mills was preselected as CLP candidate for the 2008 Northern Territory election. He won handily with 2,052 primary votes, or with 70% (2,475 votes) after preferences were distributed--thus reverting Braitling to its traditional status as a comfortably safe CLP seat.[9]

Following the 2012 Northern Territory election, Giles became the Minister for Transport, Infrastructure and Local Government.

Chief Minister[edit]

2013 CLP leadership ballot[edit]

Giles replaced Terry Mills as Chief Minister of the Northern Territory and party leader at the 2013 CLP leadership ballot on 13 March while Mills was on a trade mission in Japan.[10] Giles was sworn in as Chief Minister on 14 March, becoming the first indigenous head of government of an Australian state or territory.[11][12]

When the CLP introduced mandatory alcohol rehabilitation for recidivist problem drinkers to replace a banned drinker register, Giles dismissed critics of the policy as "lefty welfare-orientated people".[13]

2015 CLP leadership ballot[edit]

Willem Westra van Holthe challenged Giles at the 2015 CLP leadership ballot on 2 February and was elected leader by the party room in a late night vote conducted by phone.[14] However, Giles refused to resign as Chief Minister following the vote. On 3 February, ABC News reported that officials were preparing an instrument for Giles' removal by the Administrator. The swearing-in of Westra van Holthe, which had been scheduled for 11:00 local time (01:30 UTC), was delayed.[15] After a meeting of the parliamentary wing of the CLP, Giles announced that he would remain as party leader and Chief Minister, and that Westra van Holthe would be his deputy.[16]

2015 opinion poll[edit]

Just one opinion poll has been released since the 2012 election – conducted by ReachTEL and commissioned by The Australian which surveyed 1036 residents via robocall on the afternoon of Sunday 1 March 2015 across all 18 electorates in Darwin, Palmerston and Alice Springs – which indicated a landslide 17.6% two-party swing against the incumbent CLP government since the last election.[17][18][19]

Defections and minority government[edit]

After four defections during the parliamentary term including Kezia Purick, Alison Anderson, Larissa Lee and Robyn Lambley, the CLP was reduced to minority government by July 2015.[20][21] Giles raised the possibility of an early election on 20 July stating that he would "love" to call a snap poll, but that it was "pretty much impossible to do". Crossbenchers dismissed the notion of voting against a confidence motion to bring down the government.

2016 election and electoral changes[edit]

Legislation passed in February 2016 changed the voting method of single-member electorates from full-preferential voting to optional preferential voting.[22] The 2016 election was held on 27 August.[23]

The CLP went into the election as a decided underdog. Polls showed the CLP in danger of losing seats where it had never been seriously threatened. For instance, a poll conducted for Northern Territory News a week before the writs were issued showed the CLP on 36 percent of the two-party vote--a swing of over 20 percent from 2012. The CLP would have been decimated with a swing even half that large. The poll showed the CLP trailing badly in the politically critical Darwin/Palmerston area, which accounts for more than half the seats in the legislature. Most seriously, the CLP had plunged to only 37 percent support in Palmerston, which has been a CLP stronghold for four decades. Had this result been repeated at an election, the CLP would have lost most, if not all, of its seats in Darwin/Palmerston.[24]

At the 27 August election, the CLP was thrown from office in a massive swing, suffering the worst defeat of a sitting government in the Territory's history. It is also the first time that a Territory government has failed to win a second term. Giles conceded defeat three hours after counting began, saying, "Tonight, no doubt, is a landslide, it's a thumping."[25]

By Sunday morning, Giles was in danger of being rolled in his own seat as well. He went into the election sitting on a seemingly insurmountable majority of 19.6 percent—on paper, the fourth-safest CLP seat in the Territory. Additionally, Labor has usually run dead in Alice Springs; before 2016 it had only come close to winning a seat in inner Alice Springs twice. However, on election night, Giles lost 20 percent of his primary vote from 2012. ABC projections showed him trailing Labor challenger Dale Wakefield, with Giles on 49.9 percent to Wakefield's 50.1 percent—a lead that increased as returns came in during the week after the election. By 2 September, Wakefield led Giles by 23 votes—well within the threshold for a recount under Territory election law. The recount took place on 5 September, and confirmed that Wakefield was still leading on a knife-edge. When the final result was announced, Wakefield won the seat with a margin of 27 votes on a swing of 19.9 percent, making Giles the second Majority Leader/Chief Minister to lose his own seat.[26][27][28][29] At this same election, Mills, the man Giles had rolled three years earlier, took back his old seat as an independent.

Giles later told AM that he had known for some time that the CLP would not be re-elected, but felt compelled to "put on a shiny face with the pearly whites" in order to maintain morale.[30] Despite leading the CLP to such a massive defeat, he has expressed interest in running for the Senate, prompting former Chief Minister Shane Stone to demand that Giles stay in the Territory in order to "repent" and "help repair the damage" to the CLP.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Master's apprentice gets lessons in campaigning". The Canberra Times. 24 September 2004. Mr Giles was born on April 10, 1973 
  2. ^ "2016 Election Result". 
  3. ^ "Row over heritage of NT Chief Minister Adam Giles". The Australian. 14 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Maiden Speeches" (PDF). Northern Territory Parliament. October 2012. 
  5. ^ Finnane, Kieran (6 September 2007). "CDEP assets likely to go to IBA trust". Alice Springs News. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "ACT Division – Fraser". Virtual tally room. Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Lewis, B. C. (20 June 2013). "Adam Giles' journey from Blaxland High to running the Northern Territory". Blue Mountains Gazette. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "NT Division – Lingiari". Virtual tally room. Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Braitling – Northern Territory Votes 2012". ABC News. Australia. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Mills dumped as Giles takes top Territory job". ABC News. Australia. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Everingham, Sara (14 March 2013). "Indigenous politician Adam Giles to replace Terry Mills as NT Chief Minister". AM (ABC Radio). Australia. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Giles denies plot to overthrow Mills". ABC News. Australia. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  13. ^ Fletcher, James (16 October 2013). "Forced rehab: A solution for Australia's grog addicts?". BBC News. 
  14. ^ Dunlevie, James (3 February 2015). "Adam Giles dumped as NT chief minister in late-night coup, Willem Westra van Holthe elected leader". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "Northern Territory Chief Minister Adam Giles refuses to quit after being dumped in a late-night coup". ABC News. Australia. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  16. ^ "Adam Giles remains NT chief minister". SBS News. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "The Australian - Northern Territory poll - 1 March 201". Reachtel.com.au. 2015-03-02. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  18. ^ 105.7 ABC Darwin (2015-03-03). "Adam Giles-led Country Liberals Government facing crushing NT electoral defeat, new poll figures". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  19. ^ "ReachTEL 18% swing to Labor in Northern Territory: Poll Bludger". Blogs.crikey.com.au. 2015-03-03. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  20. ^ Schubert, Steven (24 July 2015). "Adam Giles would 'love to go to an early election' after Kezia Purick resigns Country Liberals party". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. ABC News. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Adam Giles would 'love to go to an early election' after Kezia Purick resigns Country Liberals party". Abc.net.au. 2015-07-20. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  22. ^ Antony Green (2016-02-11). "Northern Territory Adopts Optional Preferential Voting and Bans Campaigning Near Polling Places". Blogs.abc.net.au. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  23. ^ Antony Green (2013-05-27). "Timetable for Future Elections". Blogs.abc.net.au. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  24. ^ "Labor on track for landslide win in Territory election". NT News. Australia. 1 August 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  25. ^ La Canna, Xavier (28 August 2016). "NT election: Labor leader Michael Gunner says Territorians have rejected chaos after landslide win". ABC News. 
  26. ^ "Lynne Walker closing gap after recount". Northern Territory News. 2016-09-05. 
  27. ^ La Canna, Xavier (2016-09-02). "Votes to be recounted in five seats, including that of Adam Giles". ABC News. 
  28. ^ Green, Antony. Northern Territory Election Result Updates. ABC News, 2016-08-28.
  29. ^ "Former NT chief minister Adam Giles loses seat". ABC News. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016. 
  30. ^ "Adam Giles predicted CLP's landslide defeat but he had to 'put on a shiny face'". ABC News. 2016-08-28. 
  31. ^ Everingham, Sara (2016-08-29). "Shane Stone slams Adam Giles for future career talk, would oppose Senate bid". ABC News. 

External links[edit]

Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Loraine Braham
Member for Braitling
2008–2016
Succeeded by
Dale Wakefield
Political offices
Preceded by
Terry Mills
Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
2013–2016
Succeeded by
Michael Gunner
Preceded by
John Elferink
Treasurer of the Northern Territory
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Nicole Manison
Party political offices
Preceded by
Terry Mills
Leader of the Country Liberal Party in the Northern Territory
2013–2016
Succeeded by
Gary Higgins