|Died||September 17, 1910
San Francisco, California, United States
|Place of burial||San Francisco National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1886–1899|
|Unit||7th U.S. Cavalry|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Adam Neder (1865 – September 17, 1910) was a German-born soldier in the U.S. Army who served with the 7th U.S. Cavalry during the Indian Wars. He was one of five men received the Medal of Honor for distinguished bravery, participating in search-and-destroy missions along White Clay Creek, at the Battle of Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890.
Adam Neder was born in Bavaria, Germany in 1865. He later emigrated to the United States and enlisted in the U.S. Army from St. Louis, Missouri in June 1886. Assigned to frontier duty with the 7th U.S. Cavalry, Neder was a participant in the Battle of Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890. After fighting broke out between cavalrymen and the Sioux, Neder was among the troopers who, as part of a search-and-destroy mission, took part in skirmishes along White Clay Creek. He and four other men, Sergeant Bernhard Jetter, First Sergeant Theodore Ragner, Corporal William O. Wilson and Farrier Richard J. Nolan, were received the Medal of Honor for distinguished bravery on April 25, 1891. Seriously wounded during the battle, Neder was also promoted to the rank of corporal for his actions. He was eventually promoted to sergeant, and served in the Spanish–American War until his discharge in 1899. He died in San Francisco, California on September 17, 1910, and interred in the San Francisco National Cemetery. 
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Sioux campaign, December 1890. Entered service at:------. Birth: Bavaria. Date of issue: 25 April 1891.
- Beyer, Walter F. and Oscar Frederick Keydel, ed. Deeds of Valor: From Records in the Archives of the United States Government; how American Heroes Won the Medal of Honor; History of Our Recent Wars and Explorations, from Personal Reminiscences and Records of Officers and Enlisted Men who Were Rewarded by Congress for Most Conspicuous Acts of Bravery on the Battle-field, on the High Seas and in Arctic Explorations. Vol. 2. Detroit: Perrien-Keydel Company, 1906. (pg. 325)
- Chandler, Melbourne C. Of GarryOwen in Glory: The History of the Seventh United States Cavalry Regiment. Annandale, Virginia: The Turnpike Press, 1960. (pg. 398)
- Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs. Medal of Honor recipients, 1863-1973, 93rd Cong., 1st sess. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1973. (pg. 1035)
- Manning, Robert, ed. Above and Beyond: A History of the Medal of Honor from the Civil War to Vietnam. Boston: Boston Publishing Company, 1985. ISBN 0-939526-19-0
- O'Neal, Bill. Fighting Men of the Indian Wars: A Biographical Encyclopedia of the Mountain Men, Soldiers, Cowboys, and Pioneers Who Took Up Arms During America's Westward Expansion. Stillwater, Oklahoma: Barbed Wire Press, 1991. (pg. 35) ISBN 0-935269-07-X
- Wilson, D. Ray. Terror on the Plains: A Clash of Cultures. Dundee, Illinois: Crossroads Communications, 1999. ISBN 0-916445-47-X
- Bruce E. Johansen, The Native Peoples of North America: A History. Vol. 2. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2006. (pg. 289) ISBN 0-8135-3899-8
- Yenne, Bill. Indian Wars: The Campaign for the American West. Yardley, Pennsylvania: Westholme Publishing, 2006. (pg. 292) ISBN 1-59416-016-3
- Sterner, C. Douglas (1999). "MOH Citation for Adam Neder". MOH Recipients: Indian Campaigns. HomeofHeroes.com. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Army Times Publishing Company. "Military Times Hall of Valor: Adam Neder". Awards and Citations: Medal of Honor. MilitaryTimes.com. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". Indian War Campaigns. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 26 June 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2009.