Adam Pinkhurst

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Adam Pinkhurst was a fourteenth-century English scribe, widely thought to have worked for Geoffrey Chaucer.


While little is known with certainty about his life, it is clear that Pinkhurst would have lived in late fourteenth-century London.

Based on their shared work on another manuscript, Pinkhurst has been suggested as a colleague of "Scribe D", another copyist of the Tales, and both scribes may have worked for the same bookseller or moved in the same literary circles.[1]


In 2004, Linne Mooney identified the scrivener who worked on the Ellesmere Chaucer and Hengwrt Chaucer, two manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales by the 14th-century poet Geoffrey Chaucer as an Adam Pinkhurst. Mooney, then a professor at the University of Maine and a visiting fellow at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, proposed to match Pinkhurst's flamboyantly written signature on an oath he signed to his lettering to the handwriting in these early manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, thought to be closely derived from Chaucer's holograph.[2]

If correct, this discovery would be significant in shedding light on the relationship between a writer, his scrivener and their manuscripts at that time; it would also contribute to our understanding of one of Chaucer's shortest works. Chaucer words unto Adam his scrivener takes a scribe called Adam to task for the many errors he introduces and the amount of work Chaucer has to do correcting them.

Adam scrivener, if ever thee befall
Boece or Troilus for to write new,
Under thy longe locks thow maist have the scall,
But after my makinge thou write mor trew,
So oft a day I mot thy werke renewe
It to correct, and eke to rubbe and scrape,
And all is thorowe thy necligence and rape.

Pinkhurst had in fact been suggested as a possible candidate for "Adam scrivener" as early as the late 1920s.[3]

Mooney's identification has, however, been questioned and doubted by several specialists, and it has by no means been accepted by all others: see for example, Simon Horobin, 'Adam Pinkhurst, Geoffrey Chaucer, and the Hengwrt Manuscript of the Canterbury Tales', The Chaucer Review, 44 no.4 (2010) and Jane Roberts, 'On Giving Scribe B a Name and a Clutch of London manuscripts from c. 1400', Medium Aevum, 80 (2011)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kerby-Fulton, K. Written work: Langland, labor, and authorship, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997, p.118
  2. ^ Linne R. Mooney, ‘Chaucer’s Scribe’, Speculum, 81 (2006), 97–138.
  3. ^ For an early suggestion of Pinkhurst's name see Wagner, B. M. TLS, June 13, 1929: 474

Further reading[edit]

  • Mooney, Linne R. and Stubbs, Estelle (2013). "Scribes and the City: London Guildhall Clerks and the Dissemination of Middle English Literature, 1375–1425". York Medieval Press. ISBN 9781903153406.

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