Adam Pynacker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Landscape with a herd of goats, St. Louis Art Museum.

Adam Christiaensz Pynacker or Pijnacker[1] (15 February 1622, Schiedam - buried 28 March 1673, Amsterdam[2] ) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, mostly of landscapes.


Pynacker featured with engraved portrait in part II of the 4 part series by Jean-Baptiste Descamps, "La vie des peintres flamands, allemands et hollandois", 1754

Pynacker was the son of a wine merchant, who was a member of the vroedschap, or city regency. He travelled to Italy and was gone for three years. In 1658 he converted to Catholicism in order to marry Eva Maria de Geest, Wybrand de Geest's daughter. Two years later his portrait was painted by his father-in-law as a pendant to an earlier portrait of his wife. In Schiedam he baptized two children, but from 1661 until he died, he lived on the Rozengracht in Amsterdam.

Wedding portraits[edit]

De Geest was a highly successful portrait painter who painted his daughter in 1652 and two years after their marriage he painted his new son-in-law's portrait in a matching style as pendant:


Pynacker is considered an example of an Italianate landscape painter, along with Jan Both, Jan Baptist Weenix, Nicolaes Berchem and Jan Asselyn. He specialized in decorating whole rooms. According to Houbraken, he would turn in his grave if he knew how the fashions had changed, but fortunately the poet P. Verhoek wrote a poem about one of his decorated rooms.[3]


  1. ^ Usually "Pijnacker" in Dutch sources, but still "Pynacker" in English ones. For example "Adam Pynacker" is the "preferred" spelling of Getty Union, is used by the National Gallery in Washington [1], the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge [2] & the Courtauld in London [3] etc.
  2. ^ Pijnacker, Adam at the RKD databases
  3. ^ Adam Pynaker biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  • Wassenbergh, A. (1969) Het huwelijk van Adam Pijnacker en Eva Maria de Geest. In: De Vrije Fries, diel 49, pp. 93–95.

External links[edit]