Adam Rainer

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Adam Rainer
DiedMarch 4, 1950(1950-03-04) (aged 50–51)
Known forBeing both a dwarf and giant

Adam Rainer (1899 – 4 March 1950) was the only person in recorded history to have been both a dwarf and a giant.[1] He is believed to have had acromegaly.[2]


Rainer was born in Graz, Austria-Hungary.[3] In 1917, at age 18, he was measured at 122.55 cm (4 ft 0.25 in), then in 1918, at age 19, he was measured at 111.5 cm (3 ft 7.9 in). A typical defining characteristic of dwarfism is an adult height below 147 cm (4 ft 10 in). Then, likely as a result of a pituitary tumor, he had a dramatic growth spurt so that by 1932 at the age of 33 he had reached a height of 218 cm (7 ft 2 in).[4] As a result of his gigantism he became bedridden for the rest of his life.[3] When he died in 1950 (age 51) he had reached a height of 234 cm (7 ft 8 in).[5] His feet measured 33.3 cm (13.1 inches),[citation needed] going from US shoe size 10 (EUR size 43) at aged 19 to size 20 (EUR 53) only three years later.[6] His hands measured 23.9 cm (9.4 inches)[citation needed] and he weighed 109 kg (241 pounds).[citation needed]


  1. ^ Guinness World Records, 2004.
  2. ^ "World's Littlest Giant: The Curious Case of Adam Rainer". 20 January 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b Bellows, Alan. "The Man Who Was a Dwarf and a Giant",, 1 December 2005.
  4. ^ Hirsch, Obar. Two Types of Gigantism Due to Similar Tumors. Discussion of Growth* Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine Confinia Neurologica, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1961)
  5. ^ Adam Rainer Archived 2017-12-19 at the Wayback Machine at The Tallest Man
  6. ^ FITZHARRIS, DR LINDSEY. "The Insane Story Of A Man Who Was Born A Dwarf And Died A Giant". Business Insider.

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