|Died||March 4, 1950(aged 50–51)|
|Known for||Being both a dwarf and giant|
Rainer was born in Graz, Austria-Hungary. In 1917, at age 18, he was measured at 122.55 cm (4 ft 0.25 in), then in 1918, at age 19, he was measured at 111.5 cm (3 ft 7.9 in). A typical defining characteristic of dwarfism is an adult height below 147 cm (4 ft 10 in). Then, likely as a result of a pituitary tumor, he had a dramatic growth spurt so that by 1932 at the age of 33 he had reached a height of 218 cm (7 ft 2 in). As a result of his gigantism he became bedridden for the rest of his life. When he died in 1950 (age 51) he had reached a height of 234 cm (7 ft 8 in). His feet measured 33.3 cm (13.1 inches), going from US shoe size 10 (EUR size 43) at aged 19 to size 20 (EUR 53) only three years later. His hands measured 23.9 cm (9.4 inches) and he weighed 109 kg (241 pounds).
- Guinness World Records, 2004.
- "World's Littlest Giant: The Curious Case of Adam Rainer". thechirurgeonsapprentice.com. 20 January 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- Bellows, Alan. "The Man Who Was a Dwarf and a Giant", DamnInteresting.com, 1 December 2005.
- Hirsch, Obar. Two Types of Gigantism Due to Similar Tumors. Discussion of Growth* Confinia Neurologica, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1961)
- Adam Rainer at The Tallest Man
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