Adam and Steve

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"Adam and Steve" is a phrase that originated from a conservative Christian slogan "God made Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve", intended to concisely summarize Judeo-Christian Bible-based arguments against gay sexual practices or homosexuality.[1] Among other things, it implies that the natural way of life for humanity is illustrated by the Biblical account of the creation of human beings as a male-female pair. The phrase "Madam and Eve" is sometimes used in reference to lesbian relationships.


The phrase appeared, on a protest sign, as early as 1977, as mentioned in a New York Times news service report about a November 19 rally in Houston that year.[2] The phrase was used in "The Gay Bar", an episode of Maude broadcast on December 3, 1977. Two years later, Jerry Falwell gave the phrase wider circulation in a Christianity Today report of a press conference he had given.[3] The phrase later acquired a certain notoriety, and, when used to name a pair of characters in a work of fiction, helps to identify them as members of a homosexual pair (Paul Rudnick's play The Most Fabulous Story Ever Told,[4] the 2005 film Adam & Steve and other works). The phrase was used by the Democratic Unionist Party MP David Simpson during the British House of Commons' debate on same-sex marriage, although a slip of the tongue originally saying "in the Garden of Eden, it was Adam and Steve" initially caused laughter in the chamber.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clarke, Victoria (September–October 2001). "What about the children? arguments against lesbian and gay parenting". Women's Studies International Forum. ScienceDirect. 24 (5): 555–570. doi:10.1016/S0277-5395(01)00193-5. 
  2. ^ Klemesrud, Judy (November 20, 1977). "Equal Rights Plan and Abortion Are Opposed by 15,000 at Rally". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  3. ^ Balch, David (2000). Homosexuality, science, and the "plain sense" of Scripture. Grand Rapids, Mich: Wm. B. Eerdmans. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-8028-4698-3. 
  4. ^ Hurwitt, Robert (21 May 2001). "Adam and Steve's adventures in paradise". San Francisco Chronicle. p. E4. 
  5. ^ Hennessy, Mark (6 February 2013). "British MPs back gay marriage legislation". The Irish Times. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Katha Pollitt, "Adam and Steve — Together at Last", The Nation, 15 December 2003.