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|- left||Arunawati River|
|Source||Karanja Lad, Washim district|
|- location||Maharashtra, India|
The Adan River is a river in India and a principal tributary of the Painganga River.
- The river flows from Long 770.22’ Lat 200.17’ to long 780.21’ Lat 190.9’.
- The length of this river is 209.21 km.
- The valley of Adan is from 10 km to 22 km wide.
- The river is 210 km long.
The Adan River rises in the Washim district of Maharashtra and flows through a curve, north, east and south, and meets the Painganga River. The Arunavati river unites with the Adan at about 13 kilometers before it joins the Painganga. The river ceases to flow in the summer, though pools are left in the latter part of its course (Heda N. 2007).
Dams have been built on the Adan; one at its origin near Sonala village and other near Karanja Lad city both in Washim district. The river then flows through scrub land and a degraded type of dry deciduous forest with extensive agriculture (Heda N. 2007).
Problems due to dam
There are lot of dimensions to the problem created by dam and can be categorized into following categories.
1) Effect on Fishermen communities: Due to dam upper portion of the river has been inaccessible to local anglers due to spread of water. In water spread area of dam people are not allowed to fish. Also due to dam in the upper portion of river there occur excessive siltation resulting in changes in the hydrology of river. In the lower section of river due to unavailability of water there is an excessive growth of hydrophytes due to which to do fishing is not a simple job for people.
2) Effect on Fishes
3) Effect on ecology of the area: River dries during summer and there are occasional flooding due to release of water from dam. The river is narrow at some places whereas it is very wide at other places. The river bed is very wide near Pahur Naskari.
Fish of Adan River
(Surveyed by Heda N. (2007))
- Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton)
- Anabas testudineus (Bloch)
- Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (Gray)
- Aorichthys seenghala (Sykes)
- Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton)
- Barilius evezardi Day
- Catla catla (Hamilton)
- Chanda nama (Hamilton)
- Channa orientalis Bloch & Schneider
- Channa punctatus (Bloch)
- Channa striatus (Bloch)
- Cirrhinus fulungee (Sykes)
- Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton)
- Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus)
- Ctenopharyngodon idellus (Valenciennes)
- Cyprinus carpio (Linn)
- Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland)
- Garra mullya (Sykes)
- Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton)
- Gonoproktopterus kolus (Sykes)
- Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes)
- Labeo rohita (Hamilton)
- Lepidocephalus thermalis (Valenciennes)
- Macrognathus aral (Bloch & Schneider)
- Macrognathus panculus
- Mastacembelus armatus (Lacepede)
- Mystus bleekeri (Day)
- Mystus cavacius (Hamilton- Buchanan)
- Nandus nandus (Hamilton- Buchanan)
- Nangra itchkeea (Sykes)
- Nemacheilus denisoni denisoni (Day)
- Nemacheilus evezardi Day
- Nemacheilus moreh (Sykes)
- Notopterus notopterus (Pallas)
- Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch)
- Oreochromis mossambica (Peters)
- Osteobrama cotio peninsularis (Silas)
- Osteobrama cotio peninsularis (Silas)
- Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton, 1822)
- Pseudoambassius ranga (Hamilton)
- Puntius amphibious (Valenciennes)
- Puntius sarana sarana (Hamilton)
- Puntius sophore (Hamilton)
- Puntius ticto (Hamilton)
- Salmostoma boopsis (Day)
- Salmostoma horai (Silas)
- Salmostoma novacula (Valenciennes)
- Thynnichthys sandkhol (Sykes)
- Tor khudree (Sykes)
- Wallagu attu (Schneider)
- Xenentodon cancila (Hamilton)
Bhoi is a fishing community of this area. Bhoi are traditionally dependent upon the river Adan for there subsistence. Due to depleting fish resources their lives are in danger (Heda N. 2007).
- Garri (Hooks) - Garri is popular among children. This is nothing but the popular baited hooks. The stick used made up of bamboo. Earthworms and or small dead fishes are used for bait.
- Ghan Bhor Jar (Cast net small) - Use of the cast net is very common practice among the Bhoi fisherman, as it needs expertise to use and it is costly. Its circumference measured 840 cm and mesh size is 9 by 9 mm.
- Motha bhor jar (Cast net large) - This large size cast net is used by Bhoi people of this area.
- Pelni - This gadget is used by Bhoi people of this area. This is a triangle of the three bamboo poles to which a fine mesh is attached. It is applied against flowing water and once shoal of flowing fishes enters inside, the net lifts and entered fishes are collected.
- Atki (Gill Net) - This is passive method of the fishing and most popular among the Bhoi. This is gill net made up of synthetic fibers. Initially the cotton fibers were in use. The length, width and mesh size is highly variable and depends on what sized fishes to be caught and habitat of its application (If the habitat depth is more large size gill net used). Weaving of the gill net is skilled work and it is an important pastime of the Bhoi people
- Heda N (2007) Some Studies on Ecology and Diversity of Fresh Water Fishes in the Two Rivers of Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra (India). Thesis submitted to Sant Gadgebaba Amravati University, Maharashtra (India).