Adapis

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Adapis
Temporal range: Early - Late Eocene
Adapis magnus.JPG
Adapis magnus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Strepsirrhini
Family: Adapidae
Subfamily: Adapinae
Genus: Adapis
Cuvier 1822
Type species
Adapis parisiensis
Cuvier, 1821
Species
  • A. bruni
  • A. collinsonae
  • A. parisiensis
  • A. stintoni
  • A. sudrei

Adapis[1] is an extinct genus of Adapidae primate belonging to the subfamily Adapinae [2] The genus was named by Cuvier in 1822 and contains up to three species.[3] Males were larger than females.[4]

Adapis parisiensis skull and lower jaw at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thinking that the distorted remains from the Paris region belonged to an extinct genus of pachyderms, Cuvier adopted Adapis, a non-scientific name that was "sometimes used for the Hyrax" (Recherches sur les ossemens fossiles, Vol. 3, 1822, p. 265, footnote), which he thought it closely resembled. Cuvier's source for the informal name was Conrad Gesner, Historiae animalium, I (Zurich, 1551), chapter on rabbits, p. 395. Gesner himself believed that both adapis and the Aramaic word from which he thought it was derived actually referred to the common rabbit.
  2. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/5258/Adapis
  3. ^ The Paleobiology Database
  4. ^ Gingerich, P. D. (1981). "Cranial morphology and adaptations in Eocene Adapidae. I. Sexual dimorphism inAdapis magnus andAdapis parisiensis". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 56 (3): 217–234. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330560303.