Adaptations of Jane Eyre

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Alice Brady as Jane Eyre in Woman and Wife (1918)

Jane Eyre, the 1847 novel by English writer Charlotte Brontë, has frequently been adapted for film, radio, television and theatre, and has inspired a number of rewritings and reinterpretations.

Film[edit]

Alice Brady in Woman and Wife (1918)
Mabel Ballin in Jane Eyre (1921), directed by Hugo Ballin

Silent films[edit]

Feature films[edit]

Radio[edit]

A 1949 adaptation for NBC University Theatre

Television[edit]

Theatre[edit]

  • 1994: A two-act ballet of Jane Eyre was created for the first time by the London Children's Ballet in 1994, with an original score by composer Julia Gomelskaya and choreography by Polyanna Buckingham.
  • 1997: Jane Eyre, opera in three acts, Op. 134, was composed by John Joubert in 1987–1997 to a libretto by Kenneth Birkin after the novel. The world premiere of a revised version took place at Ruddock Performing Arts Centre in Birmingham on October 25 2016, with April Fredrick (soprano) as Jane and David Stout (baritone) as Rochester. The performance was later released on CD by SOMM Recordings.
  • 1998: A musical version with music by Michael Malthaner, lyrics by Charles Corritore, and book by David Matthews, was written and produced in 1998. The world premiere was in Toronto, Canada, with Marla Schaffel as Jane and Anthony Crivello as Rochester.
  • 2000: A musical version with a book by John Caird and music and lyrics by Paul Gordon, with Marla Schaffel as Jane and James Stacy Barbour as Mr. Rochester, ran at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre December 10, 2000 – June 10, 2001.
  • 2000: An opera based on the novel was written in 2000 by English composer Michael Berkeley, with a libretto by David Malouf. It was given its premiere by Music Theatre Wales at the Cheltenham Festival.
  • 2007: The ballet Jane, based on the book, was created in 2007, a Bullard/Tye production with music by Max Reger. Its world premiere was scheduled at the Civic Auditorium, Kalamazoo, Michigan, June 29 and 30, performed by the Kalamazoo Ballet Company, Therese Bullard, Director.
  • 2008: A musical production directed by Debby Race, book by Jana Smith and Wayne R. Scott, with a musical score by Jana Smith and Brad Roseborough, premiered in 2008 at the Lifehouse Theatre in Redlands, California[36]
  • 2009: A symphony (7th) by Michel Bosc premiered in Bandol (France), 11 October 2009.
  • 2013: A one-act musical farce version of Jane Eyre by Gerald P. Murphy was published by Lazy Bee Scripts in 2013 [2]
  • 2013: The Autobiography of Jane Eyre, an ongoing modernized web series adaptation. It was created by Nessa Aref and Alysson Hall, produced by Nessa Aref and Erika Babins and stars Alysson Hall as Jane.[37][38]
  • 2014: A new stage adaptation directed by Sally Cookson was devised by the company at the Bristol Old Vic. The production opened in the Lyttleton Theatre at the National Theatre, London (in a co-production with Bristol Old Vic) in 2015 before touring the UK in 2017, ending with another run at the National Theatre.
  • 2016: A new ballet from Northern Ballet choreographed by Cathy Marston with a score by Philip Feeney premieres in the UK.[39] In 2017 the production was nominated for the South Bank Sky Arts Award for Dance[40] and Northern Ballet announce the ballet will be revived in 2018 to venues including Leeds Grand Theatre, The Lowry, and Sadler's Wells.[41]

Literature inspired by the novel[edit]

Sequels[edit]

  • The novelist Angela Carter was working on a sequel to Jane Eyre at the time of her death in 1992. This was to have been the story of Jane's stepdaughter Adèle Varens and her mother Céline. Only a synopsis survives.[42]
  • 1997: Mrs. Rochester: A Sequel to Jane Eyre by Hilary Bailey
  • 2000: Jane Rochester by Kimberly A. Bennett, content explores the first years of the Rochesters' marriage with gothic and explicit content.
  • 2003: Jane Eyre. The Graphic Novel. Script Adaptation: Amy Corzine; Artwork: John M. Burns; Lettering: Terry Wiley; Classical Comics Ltd.
  • 2008: Jane Eyre's Daughter by Elizabeth Newark. A fully grown daughter of Jane Eyre must choose between two men.
  • 2014: All Hallows At Eyre Hall[43] by Luccia Gray. Volume One of the Eyre Hall Trilogy is a sequel to both Jane Eyre and its prequel Wide Sargasso Sea. Twenty-two years have passed since Jane became Mrs. Rochester, and Richard Mason has returned from Jamaica, revealing more of Edward Rochester's unspeakable secrets.

Re-workings[edit]

  • 1938: Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier was partially inspired by Jane Eyre.[13][44]
  • 1958: Nine Coaches Waiting by Mary Stewart makes implicit and explicit reference to Jane Eyre. The novel is a gothic romance set in a remote French château in the 1950s. The heroine, Linda, is, like Jane, an orphan who takes on the role of governess, this time to a young boy. She compares her situation to that of Jane Eyre on several occasions. Motifs from Eyre also appear in Stewart's The Ivy Tree (1961) but without explicit references to the novel.
  • 2002: Jenna Starborn by Sharon Shinn, a science-fiction novel based upon Jane Eyre.
  • 2010: Jane Slayre by Sherri Browning Erwin. In the same vein as Pride and Prejudice and Zombies, this has Jane Eyre battling vampires while also working through the events of the original story.
  • 2010 Sloane Hall by Libby Sternberg, a retelling set in 1929 Hollywood as films shifted from silent to sound.
  • 2010: Jane by April Lindner. Set in the 20th century with Mr. Rochester as Nico Rathburn, a world-famous rockstar.
  • 2010: "Chocolate Roses" by Joan Sowards. modern LDS novel.
  • 2012: "The Flight of Gemma Hardy" by Margot Livesey.
  • 2012: "Jane Eyre Laid Bare", which is credited to Eve Sinclair and Charlotte Brontë. An erotic mashup work.
  • 2012: "Jane Eyrotica" by Charlotte Brontë and Karena Rose. An erotic mashup work.
  • 2015: "Re Jane" by Patricia Park, pictures Jane as a half-Korean, half-American orphan in Flushing, Queens.
  • 2015: "Unearthly Things" by George Mann; a comic book story published by Titan Comics and based upon the science fiction TV series Doctor Who, in which the Twelfth Doctor and Clara Oswald share an adventure with Brontë, and their relationship inspires the author to base the characters of Jane and Rochester on them.

Re-tellings[edit]

  • 2007: Thornfield Hall: Jane Eyre's Hidden Story by Emma Tennant. This is another version of Jane Eyre.
  • 2010: I am Jane Eyre by Teana Rowland. This is a version of Jane Eyre which delves into some of the unexplained aspects of the novel.
  • 2015: Jane Eyre My Private Autobiography by W.J. Harrison. http://www.amazon.com/Jane-Eyre-My-Private-Autobiography-ebook/dp/B00W0K44V4. This version of Jane Eyre works in some novel twists that fit into the original plot, such as Jane’s pursuit of Rochester and St. John’s homosexuality.

Prequels[edit]

  • 1966: Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys. The character Bertha Mason serves as the main protagonist for this novel which acts as a prequel to Jane Eyre. It describes the meeting and marriage of Antoinette Cosway (later renamed Bertha by Mr. Rochester) and Mr. Rochester. In its reshaping of events related to Jane Eyre, the novel suggests that Bertha's madness is not congenital, but rather the result of terrible childhood experiences and Mr. Rochester's unloving treatment of her. Wide Sargasso Sea has been adapted into film twice.

Spin-offs[edit]

  • 2001: The novel The Eyre Affair by Jasper Fforde revolves around the plot of Jane Eyre. It portrays the book as originally largely free of literary contrivance: Jane and Mr. Rochester's first meeting is a simple conversation without the dramatic horse accident, and Jane does not hear his voice calling for her and ends up starting a new life in India. The protagonist's efforts mostly accidentally change it to the real version.
  • 2009: Becoming Jane Eyre by Sheila Kohler. A novel about Charlotte Brontë writing the story.
  • 2009: Jane Airhead by Kay Woodward. A novel about a present-day teenage girl obsessed with Jane Eyre.
  • 2012: A Breath of Eyre by Eve Marie Mont. The first novel in a series about a girl named Emma who is transported into the stories of her favorite books. In this installment, Emma finds herself in the role of Jane Eyre, the book she is currently reading. Once there, she must choose whether to follow the plot of Jane's story or return to her own.[45]

Re-tellings from another character's point of view[edit]

  • 1966: Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys. Bertha's story beginning with her origins in the Caribbean, where she was forced to marry Rochester, and ending with her entrapment and suicide in Rochester's English home.
  • 2000: Adele: Jane Eyre's Hidden Story by Emma Tennant
  • 2006: The French Dancer's Bastard: The Story of Adele From Jane Eyre by Emma Tennant. This is a slightly modified version of Tennant's 2000 novel.
  • 2009: Adele, Grace, and Celine: The Other Women of Jane Eyre by Claire Moise. This both retells the story from the point of view of three other women and explains their fate after the main events of the story.
  • 2010: Rochester: A Novel Inspired by Jane Eyre by J.L. Niemann. Jane Eyre told from the first person-perspective of Edward Rochester.
  • 2011: Jane Eyre's Rival: The Real Mrs Rochester by Clair Holland. Told from the perspective of Bertha Antoinetta Mason, Mr Rochester's first wife, by Lisa Mason, Antoinetta's modern day descendant.
  • 2011: Jane Eyre's Husband - The Life of Edward Rochester by Tara Bradley. Rochester's entire life.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Q. David Bowers (1995). "Volume 2: Filmography - Jane Eyre". Thanhouser.org. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Jane Eyre". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  3. ^ "Jane Eyre (1914)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  4. ^ "Jane Eyre | Movie Synopsis Available, Read the Plot of the Film Online". VH1.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  5. ^ "Jane Eyre (1915)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  6. ^ "The Castle of Thornfield". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  7. ^ "Woman and Wife". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  8. ^ "Jane Eyre". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  9. ^ "Orphan of Lowood". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  10. ^ "Jane Eyre". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  11. ^ "I Walked with a Zombie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  12. ^ "Jane Eyre". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  13. ^ a b Yardley, Jonathan (2004-03-16). "Du Maurier's 'Rebecca,' A Worthy 'Eyre' Apparent". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  14. ^ Wood, Bret, Orson Welles: A Bio-Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1990 ISBN 0-313-26538-0
  15. ^ "The Campbell Playhouse". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  16. ^ The Campbell Playhouse — Jane Eyre at the Internet Archive
  17. ^ "The Gulf Screen Guild Theatre". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  18. ^ The Screen Guild Theatre — Jane Eyre at the Internet Archive
  19. ^ "The Radio Hall of Fame". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  20. ^ The Philco Radio Hall of Fame — Jane Eyre at the Internet Archive
  21. ^ a b "The Lux Radio Theatre". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  22. ^ "The Matinee Theatre". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  23. ^ The Matinee Theatre — Jane Eyre at the Internet Archive
  24. ^ "The Mercury Summer Theatre". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  25. ^ The Lux Radio Theatre — Jane Eyre at the Internet Archive
  26. ^ "NBC University Theater". National Broadcasting Corporation. April 3, 1949. 
  27. ^ [1] Ciarán Hinds' Audio Works
  28. ^ "Jane Eye by Charlotte Bronte, adapted by Michelene Wandor - BBC Radio 7, 24–27 August 009". Radio Drama Reviews Online. 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  29. ^ "Jane Eyre". 15 Minute Drama, Radio 4. BBC. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  30. ^ "A new Jane Eyre in BBC Radio 4 (and more)". Bronte Blog. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  31. ^ "Studio One in Hollywood – Jane Eyre". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  32. ^ "Studio One in Hollywood – Jane Eyre". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  33. ^ "Drama – Jane Eyre – The History of Jane Eyre On-Screen". BBC. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  34. ^ "Jana Eyrová – Česká televize". Česká televize. Retrieved 2011-07-31. 
  35. ^ "SCTV Guide – Episodes – Series 5 Cycle 4". Sctvguide.ca. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  36. ^ Lifehouse Theatre presents Jane Eyre - accessed May 10, 2008
  37. ^ "jane-eyre". jane-eyre. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  38. ^ "Jane Eyre". YouTube. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  39. ^ "Jane Eyre by Northern Ballet". Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  40. ^ "Harry Potter, Yerma and Donmar’s all-female Shakespeare vie for South Bank Awards". Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  41. ^ "Northern Ballet announces spring 2018 season". Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  42. ^ Susannah Clapp (2006-01-29). "Theatre: Nights at the Circus | Stage | The Observer". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  43. ^ "BrontëBlog: All Hallows at Eyre Hall". bronteblog.blogspot.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  44. ^ "Findarticles.com". findarticles.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  45. ^ "Eve Marie Mont, young adult author - Unbound trilogy". evemariemont.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015.