Adar

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Shevat       Adar (אֲדָר)       Nisan
Purim in Tel Aviv, 1943

Purim, the holiday of the deliverance of the
Jewish people in the ancient Achaemenid Empire,
being celebrated at a Tel Aviv carnival in 1934
by a Yemenite Jewish woman dressed
as Queen Esther.
Month Number: 12
Number of Days: 29
Season: Winter
Gregorian Equivalent: February–March

Adar (Hebrew: אֲדָר‎, Standard Adar Tiberian ʾĂḏār ; from Akkadian adaru) is the sixth month of the civil year and the twelfth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It is a winter month of 29 days. In leap years, it is preceded by a 30-day intercalary month named Adar Aleph (Aleph being the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet), Adar Rishon (First Adar) or Adar I and it is then itself called Adar Bet (Bet being the second letter of the Hebrew Alphabet), Adar Sheni (Second Adar) or Adar II. Occasionally instead of Adar I and Adar II, "Adar" and "Ve'Adar" are used (Ve means 'and' thus: And Adar). Adar I and II occur during February–March on the Gregorian calendar.

Based on a line in the Mishnah declaring that Purim must be celebrated in Adar II in a leap year (Megillah 1:4), Adar I is considered the "extra" month. As a result, someone born in Adar during a non leap year would celebrate his birthday in Adar II during a leap year. However, someone born during either Adar in a leap year will celebrate his birthday during Adar in a non-leap year, except that someone born on 30 Adar I will celebrate his birthday on 1 Nisan in a non-leap year because Adar in a non-leap year has only 29 days.[1]

Holidays in Adar[edit]

13 Adar (II in leap years) - Fast of Esther – on 11 Adar when the 13th falls on Shabbat - (Fast Day)
14 Adar (II in leap years) - Purim
14 Adar I (does not exist in non-leap years) - Purim Katan
15 Adar (II in leap years) - Shushan Purim - celebration of Purim in walled cities existing during the time of Joshua

17 Adar (II in leap years) - Yom Adar celebration feast

Adar in Jewish history[edit]


Other uses[edit]

  • Azar or Adhar (Arabic: آذار‎) is the name for the month of March in the Levant.
  • Adar or Ada is Sindarin for "father".

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Rabbi Gershon's gravestone, which lists 25 Adar as his day of passing, was discovered in the Mount of Olives cemetery in Jerusalem after the Six-day War.