Adara language

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Native toNigeria
RegionKaduna State, Niger State
Native speakers
300,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kad

Adara (also Eda[3] and Kadara), is a Plateau language of Nigeria. The name Adara is also used to refer to an ethnic group.

Some estimates place the population of the Adara people at around 350,000. About 55% of the Adara are Christians while some also adhere to Islam.[4]


Eda (Kadara) is spoken mainly in Kachia and Kajuru Local Government Areas of Kaduna state and in Niger state in the Middle Belt region of Nigeria.


Dialects of the Adara language include the Adara dialect, Eneje, Ada, Ekhwa, and Ajiya.[5]:1



Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Alveo-palatal Palatal Velar Labial–velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d [c] j k g kp gb
Nasal m n ŋ
Tap ɾ
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ [ɣ] h
Affricate [bv]
Approximant y w
Lateral l


Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a


  1. ^ Adara at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kadara". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b c Roger Blench (5 July 2009). "The Eda [= Kadara] language of Central Nigeria" (PDF).
  4. ^ Joshua project entry on the Adara
  5. ^ Hon, Luther; Ajaegbu, Grace; Magnusson, Carol; Nweke, Uche S.; Yoder, Zachariah (27 April 2012). "A Summary of a Sociolinguistic Survey of the Adara of Kaduna and Niger States, Nigeria" (PDF). SIL.

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