Added sugar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pastries usually contain added sugars.

Added sugars are sugar carbohydrates (caloric sweeteners) added to food and beverages during their production (industrial processing).[1] This type of sugar is chemically indistinguishable from naturally occurring sugars, but the term "added sugar" is used to identify sweetened foods. Medical consensus holds that added sugars contribute little nutritional value[1] to food. This is often expressed colloquially by saying added sugar is "empty calories".

Over-consumption of sugar is positively correlated with increased calorie intake and weight gain.[1] The American Heart Association recommended daily intake of sugar for men is 150 calories or nine teaspoons per day, and for women, 100 calories or six teaspoons per day.[2]

In the United States[edit]

In the United States, added sugars may include sucrose or high-fructose corn syrup, both primarily composed of about half glucose and half fructose.[3] Other types of added sugar ingredients include beet and cane sugars, all types of corn syrup (including solids), malt syrup, maple syrup, pancake syrup, fructose sweetener, liquid fructose, fruit juice concentrate, honey, and molasses.[3][4] The most common types of foods containing added sugars are sweetened beverages, including most soft drinks, which represent 20% of daily calorie consumption.[1] The World Health Organization recommends that this number should be no higher than 10%.[1] Based on a 2012 study on the use of caloric and noncaloric sweeteners in some 85,000 food and beverage products, 74% contain added sugar.[3][5] In 2016, added sugar was added to the revised version of the nutrition facts label and was a given a daily value of 50 grams or 200 calories per day for a 2,000 calorie diet.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Lindsay H Allen; Andrew Prentice (December 28, 2012). Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition 3E. Academic Press. pp. 231–233. ISBN 978-0-12-384885-7. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  2. ^ "Sugar 101". American Heart Association. April 17, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Hidden in Plain Sight". SugarScience, University of California at San Francisco. 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  4. ^ Committee on Examination of Front-of-Package Nutrition Ratings Systems and Symbols; Institute of Medicine (December 21, 2010). Examination of Front-of-Package Nutrition Rating Systems and Symbols: Phase I Report. National Academies Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-309-18652-0. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  5. ^ Ng, Shu Wen; Slining, Meghan M.; Popkin, Barry M. (2012). "Use of Caloric and Noncaloric Sweeteners in US Consumer Packaged Foods, 2005-2009". Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 112 (11): 1828–1834.e6. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2012.07.009. ISSN 2212-2672. PMC 3490437.
  6. ^ Nutrition, Center for Food Safety and Applied (January 8, 2021). "Added Sugars on the New Nutrition Facts Label". FDA.
  7. ^ Charles, Dan (May 20, 2016). "An 'Added Sugar' Label Is On The Way For Packaged Food". NPR. Retrieved October 30, 2021.