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Addington Bruce

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Addington Bruce
BornJune 27, 1874
DiedFebruary 23, 1959
Occupation(s)Journalist, psychical researcher

Henry Addington Bayley Bruce (June 27, 1874 – February 23, 1959), best known as H. Addington Bruce was an American journalist and author of psychology books.


Bruce was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and educated at Upper Canada College and Trinity College, Toronto. He was for a time on the Toronto Week, then came to the United States, was employed by the American Press Association between 1897 and 1903, and afterward contributed to many periodicals, notably The Outlook. In 1916 he resigned as staff contributor to The Outlook. In 1915 he became psychological adviser to the Associated Newspapers. Addington Bruce also wrote books. His most successful work was in American history and in popularizing modern psychology and psychical research.

Bruce has been described as a publicist for psychology. His books were known to discuss the subconscious and power of suggestion.[1] They were positively reviewed in the American Journal of Psychology and Journal of Abnormal Psychology.[2][3][4][5] His Nerve Control and How to Gain It (1918) was described as a "reliable book which can be put into the hands of the nervously ill but intelligent patient."[6]

Bruce who took interest in psychical research, was a believer in telepathy and Frederic W. H. Myers' concept of a subliminal self. He dedicated his book The Riddle Of Personality (1908) to William James. Philosopher William Pepperell Montague took issue with his statements about telepathy, noting that he did not address the known objections.[7] His book Historic Ghosts and Ghost-Hunters (1909) is generally skeptical of poltergeist cases, concluding they are best explained by fraud and psychological factors such as hallucination or suggestion. He was a trustee of the American Society for Psychical Research and contributed articles to the Tomorrow magazine.[8]



  1. ^ Dennis, P. M. (1991). Contributions to the history of psychology: LXXIX. Psychology's first publicist: H. Addington Bruce and the popularization of the subconscious and power of suggestion before World War I. Psychol Rep (3 Pt 1): 755-65.
  2. ^ Dearborn, George V. N. (1912). Review of Scientific mental healing. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 7 (1): 71-73.
  3. ^ Coriat, Isador H. (1915). Review of Sleep and sleeplessness. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 10 (5): 367-368.
  4. ^ Ruckmich, Christian A. (1916). Reviewed Work: Sleep and Sleeplessness by H. Addington Bruce. American Journal of Psychology 27 (2): 288-289.
  5. ^ Dearborn, George Van Ness. (1922). Review of Self-Development: A Handbook for the Ambitious. Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology 17 (1): 110-111.
  6. ^ Solomon, Meyer. (1920). Review of Nerve control and how to gain it. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 14 (6): 426-428.
  7. ^ Montague Montague, W. P. (1909). Reviewed Work: The Riddle of Personality by H. Addington Bruce. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (15): 415-416.
  8. ^ "Bruce, H(enry) Addington (Bayley)(1874-1959)". Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology.

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)