Addison Brown

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Addison Brown
Addison Brown by Whipple, 1852.png
Brown in 1852
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
October 14, 1881 – August 30, 1901
Nominated by Chester A. Arthur
Appointed by James A. Garfield (recess)
Chester A. Arthur (commission)
Preceded by W.G. Choate
Succeeded by George Bethune Adams
Personal details
Born February 21, 1830
West Newbury, Massachusetts
Died April 9, 1913(1913-04-09) (aged 83)
New York, New York
Resting place Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York)
Alma mater Amherst College, Harvard University, Harvard Law School

Addison Brown (February 21, 1830 – April 9, 1913) was a United States federal judge.

Life and career[edit]

The sarcophagus of Addison Brown in Woodlawn Cemetery

Brown was born in West Newbury, Massachusetts and graduated from Amherst College in 1849 and Harvard University in 1852.[1] He married his first wife, Mary C. Barrett, on January 1, 1856.[2] He later married Hellen Carpenter Gaskin, with whom he had four children.

Admitted to the bar of New York in 1855, Brown was in private practice of law in New York City until 1881, when he was appointed judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Brown received a recess appointment from James A. Garfield on June 2, 1881, to a seat vacated by W.G. Choate. He was formally nominated by Chester A. Arthur on October 12, 1881, was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 14, and received commission the same day. His judicial opinions, upward of 1800 in number, dealing largely with the law of shipping, admiralty, extradition, and bankruptcy, are included in Volumes 8 through 115 of The Federal Reporter. He retired August 30, 1901.

Judge Brown also gained a reputation as a botanist. In 1875, he joined the Torrey Botanical Club of New York and was an active member for many years, serving as president from 1893 - 1905.[1] In his role as president, Brown served on the Botanical Garden Committee and is recognized as one of the founders of the New York Botanical Garden in 1891.[1] Brown wrote many notes for the publications of the Torrey Botanical Club and published the following works:

  • Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada (three volumes, 1896–98; new edition, 1913 — with Nathaniel L. Britton)
  • The Elgin Botanical Garden and its Relation to Columbia College and the New Hampshire Grants (1908)

He also left a bequest for the annual publishing of a botanical magazine, subsequently called Addisonia, devoted exclusively to plants from the United States and its territorial possessions or flowering in the New York Botanical Garden or its conservatories.

He died in New York, New York. He is interred in a grandiose sarcophagus at Woodlawn Cemetery in Bronx, NY.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Addison Brown". Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 14 (162): 119. June 1913.
  2. ^ Brown, Addison (1972). Judge Addison Brown: Autobiographical Notes for His Children. Boyce, Virginia: Carr Publishing Company, Inc.
  3. ^ IPNI.  A.Br.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
William Gardner Choate
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Succeeded by
George Bethune Adams