Brown in 1852
|U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York|
October 14, 1881 – August 30, 1901
|Nominated by||Chester A. Arthur|
|Appointed by||James A. Garfield recess
Chester A. Arthur permanent
|Preceded by||W.G. Choate|
|Born||February 21, 1830
West Newbury, Massachusetts
|Died||April 9, 1913
New York, New York
|Resting place||Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York)|
|Alma mater||Amherst College, Harvard University, Harvard Law School|
Addison Brown (February 21, 1830 – April 9, 1913) was a United States federal judge.
Life and career
Brown was born in West Newbury, Massachusetts and graduated from Amherst College in 1849 and Harvard University in 1852. He married his first wife, Mary C. Barrett, on January 1, 1856. He later married Hellen Carpenter Gaskin, with whom he had four children.
Admitted to the bar of New York in 1855, Brown was in private practice of law in New York City until 1881, when he was appointed judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Brown received a recess appointment from James A. Garfield on June 2, 1881, to a seat vacated by W.G. Choate. He was formally nominated by Chester A. Arthur on October 12, 1881, was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 14, and received commission the same day. His judicial opinions, upward of 1800 in number, dealing largely with the law of shipping, admiralty, extradition, and bankruptcy, are included in Volumes 8 through 115 of The Federal Reporter. He retired August 30, 1901.
Judge Brown also gained a reputation as a botanist. In 1875, he joined the Torrey Botanical Club of New York and was an active member for many years, serving as president from 1893 - 1905. In his role as president, Brown served on the Botanical Garden Committee and is recognized as one of the founders of the New York Botanical Garden in 1891. Brown wrote many notes for the publications of the Torrey Botanical Club and published the following works:
- Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada (three volumes, 1896–98; new edition, 1913 — with Nathaniel L. Britton)
- The Elgin Botanical Garden and its Relation to Columbia College and the New Hampshire Grants (1908)
He also left a bequest for the annual publishing of a botanical magazine, subsequently called Addisonia, devoted exclusively to plants from the United States and its territorial possessions or flowering in the New York Botanical Garden or its conservatories.
- "Addison Brown". Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 14 (162): 119. June 1913.
- Brown, Addison (1972). Judge Addison Brown: Autobiographical Notes for His Children. Boyce, Virginia: Carr Publishing Company, Inc.
- "Author Query for 'A.Br.'". International Plant Names Index.
- Addison Brown at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
Media related to Britton & Brown, Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Addison Brown at Wikispecies
- Works by or about Addison Brown at Internet Archive
- Britton, Nathaniel; Addison Brown (1898). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions From Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian. Volume III, Apocynacea to Compositae; Dogbane to Thistle. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 643 pages. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
- Britton, Nathaniel; Addison Brown (1913). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions From Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian. Volume II, Amaranthaceae to Loganiaceae. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 2052 pages. Retrieved 2008-05-10.
- Britton, Nathaniel Lord; Addison Brown (1913). An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions From Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian. Volume III Gentianaceae to Compositae -- Gentian to Thistle (Second Edition -- Revised and Enlarged ed.). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Retrieved 2008-06-17.
William Gardner Choate
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
George Bethune Adams