Bristol East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Bristol East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bristol East in Avon for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Avon within England.
County City of Bristol
Population 95,368 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 69,347 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Kerry McCarthy (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Bristol South East
Bristol South
Bristol North East[3]
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Bristol South East, Bristol Central and Bristol South
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Bristol East is a constituency[n 1] recreated in 1983 covering the eastern part of the City of Bristol, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Kerry McCarthy of the Labour Party.[n 2] An earlier guise of the seat existed between 1885 and 1950.

History[edit]

First creation[edit]

The seat was first created in 1885[n 3]. Boundaries were slightly altered in 1918 and Bristol East was abolished in a comprehensive review of the local seats for the 1950 general election.

Political history

The most powerful representative of Bristol East in Parliament and H.M. Government was Sir Stafford Cripps, MP (Lab) 1931-1950, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1947-1950. The seat shifted from Liberal Party representation through to the Labour Party with the 1918-1923 period seeing a more centrist Liberal splinter group candidate elected.

Second creation[edit]

The seat was recreated in 1983 on much larger boundaries than before 1950, reflecting the lower occupation levels of the city centre and allocation of new seats elsewhere to reflect population expansion mainly in former rural and lightly-populated suburban areas.

Political history

The 1983 election, the first in the recreated East seat, was a landslide victory for Margaret Thatcher's Conservatives following retention of the Falkland Islands in the Falklands War. Bristol East returned a Conservative MP, as Jonathan Sayeed defeated Tony Benn, the outgoing MP for Bristol South East and the leader of a large faction on the left-wing of the Labour Party. In 1992 Labour's Jean Corston gained the seat from Sayeed, which has been retained by Labour candidates at each general election since, whilst every election since except 2005, when the Liberal Democrats came second.[n 4] The 2015 result gave the seat the 42nd-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority;[4] however, in 2017, incumbent MP Kerry McCarthy more than tripled her majority, winning the largest share of the vote in the seat's history and by the biggest margin since 1997.

Turnout

Turnout has ranged between 80.3% in 1992 to 57.4% in 2001.

Other parties

Five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. Liberal Democrat candidate Philip James won the largest third-party share of the vote to date, in the 2005 election — 25.2% of the vote.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Bristol ward of South, part of North ward, and the local government district of St George.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Bristol wards of St George East and St George West, and parts of Easton, and Somerset wards.

1983-1997: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Easton, Eastville, Hengrove, Lawrence Hill, and Stockwood.

1997-2010: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Easton, Eastville, Lawrence Hill, St George East, St George West, and Stockwood.

2010–present: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Frome Vale, Hillfields, St George East, St George West, and Stockwood.

The constituency covers the eastern part of the city of Bristol, from neighbourhoods of the City Centre to outer neighbourhoods (excluding surrounding settlements in local government administratively).

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Handel Cossham Liberal
1890 Sir Joseph Dodge Weston Liberal
1895 Sir William Henry Wills, Bt Liberal
1900 Charles Edward Henry Hobhouse Liberal
1918 George Bryant Britton Coalition Liberal
1922 Harold Spencer Morris National Liberal
1923 Walter John Baker Labour
1931 Sir Stafford Cripps Labour
1939 Independent Labour
1945 Labour
1950 constituency abolished – see Bristol South East

MPs 1983–present[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1983 Jonathan Sayeed Conservative
1992 Jean Corston Labour
2005 Kerry McCarthy Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Bristol East[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kerry McCarthy 30,847 60.7 +21.5
Conservative Theodora Clarke 17,453 34.4 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Chris Lucas 1,389 2.7 -3.1
Green Lorraine Francis 1,110 2.2 -6.1
Majority 13,394 26.4 +17.8
Turnout 50,799 70.2 +6.0
Labour hold Swing +8.9
General Election 2015: Bristol East[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kerry McCarthy 18,148 39.3 +2.7
Conservative Theodora Clarke 14,168 30.7 +2.3
UKIP James McMurray 7,152 15.5 +12.1
Green Lorraine Francis[10] 3,827 8.3 +6.5
Liberal Democrat Abdul Malik 2,689 5.8 −18.6
TUSC Matt Gordon[11] 229 0.5 +0.1
Majority 3,980 8.6 +0.3
Turnout 46,213 64.2 −0.6
Labour hold Swing +0.2
General Election 2010: Bristol East[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kerry McCarthy 16,471 36.6 −8.9
Conservative Adeela Shafi 12,749 28.3 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Mike Popham 10,993 24.4 +4.7
BNP Brian Jenkins 1,960 4.4 N/A
UKIP Philip Collins 1,510 3.4 +0.7
Green Glenn Vowles 803 1.8 −0.9
English Democrat Stephen Wright 347 0.8 N/A
TUSC Rae Lynch 184 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,722 8.3
Turnout 45,017 64.8 +1.8
Labour hold Swing −4.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Bristol East[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kerry McCarthy 19,152 45.9 −9.1
Liberal Democrat Philip James 10,531 25.2 +8.1
Conservative Julia Manning 8,787 21.1 −0.7
Green Arjuna Krishna-Das 1,586 3.8 +1.0
UKIP Jean Smith 1,132 2.7 +1.3
Respect Paulette North 532 1.3 N/A
Majority 8,621 20.7
Turnout 41,720 61.3 +3.9
Labour hold Swing −8.6
General Election 2001: Bristol East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jean Corston 22,180 55.0 −1.9
Conservative Jack Lopresti 8,788 21.8 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Brian Niblett 6,915 17.1 +2.3
Green Geoff Collard 1,110 2.8 N/A
UKIP Roger Marsh 572 1.4 N/A
Socialist Labour Michael Langley 438 1.1 -0.5
Socialist Alliance Andrew Pryor 331 0.8 N/A
Majority 13,392 33.2 -0.3
Turnout 40,334 57.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Bristol East[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jean Corston 27,418 56.9
Conservative Ed Vaizey 11,259 23.4
Liberal Democrat Peter Tyzack 7,121 14.8
Referendum Gerry Philip 1,479 3.1
Socialist Labour Paul Williams 766 1.6
Natural Law John McLaggan 158 0.3
Majority 16,159 33.5
Turnout 48,201 69.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Bristol East[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jean Corston 22,418 44.6 +9.1
Conservative Jonathan Sayeed 19,726 39.2 −4.4
Liberal Democrat John Francis Kiely 7,903 15.7 −4.7
National Front Ian Anderson 270 0.5 −0.1
Majority 2,692 5.4 N/A
Turnout 50,317 80.3 +1.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Bristol East[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jonathan Sayeed 21,906 43.6 +3.1
Labour Ronald Thomas 17,783 35.4 −1.5
Liberal Don Foster 10,247 20.4 −0.9
National Front Philip Kingston 286 0.6 −0.1
Majority 4,123 8.2 +4.6
Turnout 50,222 78.7 +4.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Bristol East[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jonathan Sayeed 19,844 40.5 N/A
Labour Tony Benn 18,055 36.9 N/A
Liberal Peter Tryer 10,404 21.3 N/A
National Front Ernest Andrews 343 0.7 N/A
Ecology Gundula Dorey 311 0.6 N/A
Majority 1,789 3.6 N/A
Turnout 48,957 73.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stafford Cripps 27,975 73.5
Conservative T.D. Corpe 10,073 26.5
Majority 12,550 47.1
Turnout 76.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stafford Cripps 22,009 59.3
National Labour Archibald Church 15,126 40.7
Majority 6,883 18.5
Turnout 75.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stafford Cripps 19,435 50.6
Conservative James Manly Spreull 19,006 49.4
Majority 429 1.1
Turnout 80.2
Labour hold Swing
Bristol East by-election, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stafford Cripps 19,261 61.7
Conservative Peter John Feilding Chapman-Walker 7,937 25.4
Liberal Edward Baker 4,010 12.8
Majority 11,324 36.3 N/A
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Baker 24,197 65.8 +7.6
Liberal Charles Gordon-Spencer 12,576 34.2 −7.6
Majority 11,621 31.6 +15.2
Turnout 36,773 78.2 −1.6
Registered electors 47,039
Labour hold Swing +7.6
W.J. Baker
General Election 1924: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Baker 16,920 58.2 +4.5
Liberal Herbert John Maggs 12,143 41.8 −4.5
Majority 4,777 16.4 +9.0
Turnout 29,063 79.8 +3.3
Registered electors 36,441
Labour hold Swing +4.5
General Election 1923: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Baker 14,828 53.7 +4.0
Liberal Harold Morris 12,788 46.3 −4.0
Majority 2,040 7.4 N/A
Turnout 27,616 76.5 −1.0
Registered electors 36,105
Labour gain from National Liberal Swing +4.0
General Election 1922: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Harold Morris 13,910 50.3 N/A
Labour Luke Henry Bateman 13,759 49.7 +6.9
Majority 151 0.6 N/A
Turnout 27,669 77.5 +21.0
Registered electors 35,704
National Liberal gain from Coalition Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Hobhouse
General Election 1918: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Liberal George Bryant Britton 9,434 49.6
Labour Luke Henry Bateman 8,135 42.8
Liberal Charles Hobhouse 1,447 7.6
Majority 1,299 6.8
Coalition Liberal gain from Liberal Swing

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Cossham
General Election 1885: Bristol East [22][23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Handel Cossham 4,647 66.1 n/a
Conservative James Broad Bissell 2,383 33.9 n/a
Majority 2,264 32.2 n/a
Turnout 74.0 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Bristol East [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Handel Cossham 3,672 65.5 -0.6
Conservative James Inskip 1,936 34.5 +0.6
Majority 1,736 31.0 -1.2
Turnout 59.0 -15.0
Liberal hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Wilson
Bristol East by-election, 1890 [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Dodge Weston 4,775 65.6
Conservative James Inskip 1,900 26.1
Independent Labour Havelock Wilson 602 8.3
Majority 2,875 39.5
Turnout 70.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1892: Bristol East [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Dodge Weston unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Wills
Bristol East by-election, 1895 [22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Wills 3,740 51.2 n/a
Independent Labour Hugh Holmes Gore 3,558 48.8 n/a
Majority 182 2.4 n/a
Turnout 64.8 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Hobson
General Election 1895: Bristol East [22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Wills 4,129 68.8 +17.6
Ind. Labour Party Samuel George Hobson 1,874 31.2 -17.6
Majority 2,255 37.6 +25.2
Turnout 53.3 -11.5
Liberal hold Swing +17.6

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Hobhouse
General Election 1900: Bristol East [22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Hobhouse 4,979 56.4
Conservative Robert Arthur Sanders 3,848 43.6
Majority 1,131 12.8
Turnout 67.0
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Bristol East [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Hobhouse 7,935 71.7 +15.3
Liberal Unionist Thomas Bertram Johnston 3,129 28.3 -15.3
Majority 4,806 43.4 +30.6
Turnout 76.1 +9.1
Liberal hold Swing +15.3

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Bristol East [22][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Hobhouse 6,804 52.0
Conservative Thomas Henry Batten 4,033 30.8
Labour Frank Sheppard 2,255 17.2
Majority 2,771 21.2 -22.2
Turnout 86.9
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Bristol East [22][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Hobhouse 7,229 62.9
Conservative Patrick Hannon 4,263 37.1
Majority 2,966 25.8
Turnout 76.9
Liberal hold Swing
Bristol East by-election, 1911 [22][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Hobhouse 4,913 62.8 -0.1
Independent Walter Moore 2,913 37.2 n/a
Majority 2,000 25.6 -0.2
Turnout 7,826 52.3 -24.6
Liberal hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ See the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885
  4. ^ Including two re-elections of Corston, who was later elevated to the House of Lords as Baroness Corston
References
  1. ^ "Bristol East: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "'Bristol East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  4. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. ^ "Bristol East 1885-1950". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Bristol East 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.bristolpost.co.uk/news/bristol-news/bristols-four-mps-defending-seats-27847
  8. ^ "Bristol East". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.swgreen.org.uk/swconmap.php?n=92
  11. ^ http://www.tusc.org.uk/txt/320.pdf
  12. ^ "Bristol East result". BBC Election 2010. BBC. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ Cooke, Colin (1957) The Life of Richard Stafford Cripps, p.119
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  25. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  26. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  27. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  28. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  29. ^ Standard 21 June 1913
Sources
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1974)

External links[edit]